Presentation on theme: "Advice from Eats, Shoots & Leaves By Lynne Truss."— Presentation transcript:
Advice from Eats, Shoots & Leaves By Lynne Truss
What does unyieldingly mean?? One who insists on something unyieldingly Something puzzling or difficult What is a Stickler?? Not bending; inflexible Not giving way to pressure or persuasion Obdurate What does obdurate mean?? Hardened against feeling; hardhearted Not giving in to persuasion
You carry around a permanent black marker to correct any mistakes you see on posters, advertisements, etc. You experience the stages of grief at the sight of bad grammar: shock, disbelief, pain, anger. You have a Seventh Sense: instead of seeing dead people, you see dead punctuation. You are a member of any kind of grammatical society such as the Apostrophe Protection Society in England. You believe that proper punctuation is the worlds most endangered species. You know the historical background of punctuation. You know you have an Inner Stickler if…
Why is good grammar so important? A panda walks into a café. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots into the air. Why? asks the confused waiter, as the panda makes towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder. Im a panda, he says at the door. Look it up. The waiter turns to the relevant entry and, sure enough, finds an explanation…
Panda. Large black-and-white bear- like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots & leaves.
What is the definition of Grammar? the traffic signals of language; they tell us when to slow down, take a detour, and stop. the invisible servants in fairy talesthe ones who bring glasses of water and pillows, not storms of weather or love. a courtesy designed to help readers understand a story without stumbling.
The Consequences of Mispunctuation: A woman, without her man, is nothing. A woman: without her, man is nothing.
The Consequences of Mispunctuation: Dear Jack, I want a man who knows what love is all about. You are generous, kind, thoughtful. People who are not like you admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me for other men. I yearn for you. I have no feelings whatsoever when were apart. I can be forever happy---will you let me be yours? Jill
The Consequences of Mispunctuation: Dear Jack, I want a man who knows what love is. All about you are generous, kind, thoughtful people who are not like you. Admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me. For other men I yearn. For you I have no feelings whatsoever. When were apart, I can be forever happy. Will you let me be? Yours, Jill
The Abused Apostrophe The Apostrophe takes more abuse than any other type of punctuation. It first appeared in the 16 th century in Greece. In Greek, the word means turning away or omission. It was used to mark dropped letters in classical texts (taen=taken) It was first used to show possession in the 17 th century (the teachers desk) In England, in the days of yore, a humble farmer pointed out a misplaced apostrophe in a royal decree. The Queen created the job of Apostropher Royal, to control the quality and distribution of apostrophes to all grocers in England. This job still exists. There have been reports of grocers deliberately misusing the apostrophe in their advertisement in order to bring customers in and get them to buy something.
The Abused Apostrophe Current approved uses of the apostrophe include: -possessive in singular noun (students book) -possessive in plural noun (womens movement or boys hats) -Indicates time or quantity (four yards worth or two weeks notice) -Indicates the omission of figures in dates (04) -Indicates the omission of letters (We cant go to Joburg.) -Features in Irish names (ONeill) -Indicates plurals of letters (how many fs are there?) -Indicates plurals of words (Are there too many buts and ands at the beginnings of sentences these days?)
The Abused Apostrophe New rule for the apostrophe: -Modern names and Biblical names ending in s and which are possessive, now require the s after the apostrophe (Jamess store). -The only exceptions are: names from the ancient world, names that end with the iz sound, and Jesus. The abuse of Its: -The word its (with apostrophe) stands for it is or it has. If the word does not stand for it is or it has, then what you require is its. The Law of Conservation of Apostrophes: -For every apostrophe omitted from an its, there is an extra one put into an its. Thus the number of apostrophes in circulation remains constant.
The Abused Apostrophe Take up arms in the Apostrophe War! Weapons needed (stop when you feel uncomfortable…): -correction fluid (white out) -big pens -stickers cut in a variety of sizes, both plain (for sticking over unwanted apostrophes) and colored (for inserting where apostrophes are needed) -can of paint with big brush -guerilla style clothing -strong medication for personality disorder -bullhorn -weapons
The Abused Apostrophe If the apostrophe did become extinct, imagine the scene the next day when the triumphant abolitionist writes: Goodbye to the Apostrophe; were not missing you a bit!