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By putting the chemical symbols of the following elements together, can you work out the word they form? Hydrogen  Aluminium  Oxygen AN ANGEL A useful.

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Presentation on theme: "By putting the chemical symbols of the following elements together, can you work out the word they form? Hydrogen  Aluminium  Oxygen AN ANGEL A useful."— Presentation transcript:

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3 By putting the chemical symbols of the following elements together, can you work out the word they form? Hydrogen  Aluminium  Oxygen AN ANGEL A useful hint

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5 Can you do it without the Periodic Table? Cobalt  Lithium  Nitrogen A MANS NAME

6 Can you do it without the Periodic Table? Iron  Nitrogen  Cerium IN THE GARDEN

7 Can you do it without the Periodic Table? Potassium  Oxygen  Phosphorus LIVER POOL F.C

8 Can you do it without the Periodic Table? Argon  Selenium  Nickel  Carbon POISON

9 Can you make up words using the chemical symbols? Maybe? Your name (first or surname) A friend’s name A place

10 Lesson objectives ALL: WILL know the chemical symbols of the common elements (level 5) MOST: WILL be able to define an element and spot elements from their symbols or names (level 6) SOME: WILL understand the difference between an element and an alloy (level 7)

11 Can you work out what this is showing? W O R D W R D

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13 Prizes for the first 3 to finish!

14 Periodic Table Crossword You need two colours: 1.In the first colour, try to fill in as many elements as you can without using the Periodic Table 2.Once you can’t do anymore, use your second colour to fill in the rest using your Table

15 GOLD! The GOLD medal contains gold atoms only as it is an ELEMENT

16 SILVER! The SILVER medal contains silver atoms only as it is an ELEMENT

17 “A simple substance that only contains one TYPE of atom”

18 BRONZE! The BRONZE medal contains mainly copper atoms but also tin atoms!!! Therefore it is not an ELEMENT

19 What is it if it contains a mixture of metals….. So if bronze is not an element…..

20 “A mixture of metals”

21 Lesson objectives Have we hit any yet? ALL: WILL know the chemical symbols of the common elements (level 5) MOST: WILL be able to define an element and spot elements from their symbols or names (level 6) SOME: WILL understand the difference between an element and an alloy (level 7)

22 A THINKER!! What comes next in the sequence? 4 – 8 – 16 – 20 – 40 – 44 - ?

23 88 TWO FAT LADIES

24 Competition Time

25 ELEMENTS BINGO First to get 1. A line (in any direction) 2. Two lines (in any direction) 3. A FULL HOUSE

26 It’s 4

27 Element needed in the diet for healthy bones and teeth

28 Calcium EIGHT

29 Element with the chemical symbol Mg

30 Magnesium EIGHT

31 The lightest element in the Periodic Table

32 Hydrogen EIGHT

33 Element with the chemical symbol Sn

34 Tin EIGHT

35 Element which is magnetic

36 Iron EIGHT

37 Element which makes up 78% of the Earth’s atmosphere

38 Nitrogen EIGHT

39 Element with the chemical symbol Au

40 Gold EIGHT

41 Element used in computer chips

42 Silicon EIGHT

43 Element that is lighter than air

44 Helium EIGHT

45 Element with the chemical symbol Zn

46 Zinc EIGHT

47 Element used in saucepans and wires as it is a good conductor

48 Copper EIGHT

49 Element that joins with oxygen to form the gas which is the major cause of global warming

50 Carbon EIGHT

51 Element that is added to swimming pools to kill bacteria

52 Chlorine EIGHT

53 Element with the chemical symbol Li

54 Lithium EIGHT

55 Element which you would associate with Superman

56 Krypton EIGHT

57 Element which is found in toothpaste

58 Flourine EIGHT

59 Element with the chemical symbol B

60 Boron EIGHT

61 Element which is used to test for starch

62 Iodine EIGHT

63 Element which is reactive and burns with a lilac flame

64 Potassium EIGHT

65 Element with the chemical symbol Br

66 Bromine EIGHT

67 The only metal which is a liquid at room temperature

68 Mercury EIGHT

69 Element which is unreactive and is used in lights

70 Neon EIGHT

71 Element which is tested for using a glowing splint

72 Oxygen EIGHT

73 Unreactive metal with the chemical symbol Ag

74 Silver EIGHT

75 Along with chlorine, this element makes up salt

76 Sodium EIGHT

77 Element which would join with iron to make iron sulphide

78 Sulphur EIGHT

79 Element with the chemical symbol Rn

80 Radon EIGHT

81 Element which is used in cans for coke

82 Aluminium EIGHT

83 Element with the chemical symbol P

84 Phosphorus EIGHT

85 Unreactive element which is found in air

86 Argon EIGHT

87 Now using what you have learnt in the Bingo, write the chemical elements that go with the descriptions on your worksheet

88 Lesson objectives Have we hit any yet? ALL: WILL know the chemical symbols of the common elements (level 5) MOST: WILL be able to define an element and spot elements from their symbols or names (level 6) SOME: WILL understand the difference between an element and an alloy (level 7)

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90 The manager wondered – should he phone the police anyway just to give a description: around five feet six tall with long dreadlocks. Dreadlocks - I bet he spent all day (Pt)____________ he laughed to himself. He decided not to bother. The kid had actually brought a bit of interest into what was an otherwise (B)_______ afternoon. No fear of a (C) ______ copy crime here he thought as he closed the (Al) ______windows and pulled shut the bank door for the last time. JUST a FUNNY story!!

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92 Are you the next apprentice? Lord Sugar is on the lookout for his next apprentice!!!! But you need to pass the application process first! Lord Sugar wants to find out if you can design a saucepan and a plug – draw both of these appliances and label what materials you would use for the different parts (and why)

93 Metal (copper) – good conductor of heat Non - Metal – poor conductor of heat

94 Metal (copper) – good conductor of electricity Non - Metal – poor conductor of electricity

95 Lesson objectives ALL: WILL know the basic differences between metals and non-metals (level 5) MOST: WILL be able to explain why certain elements are chosen for appliances according to their physical properties (level 6) SOME: WILL understand the difference between an element and an alloy (level 7)

96 Volunteer please

97 Objective: Know the properties of metals and non-metals

98 Properties of METALS For an element to be classified as a METAL, it must have some of the following properties: - Strong - Shiny - Conduct heat and electricity - Have high melting points - Malleable - Magnetic (some)

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100 On the previous slide, it said magnetic (some). For 50 Vivos, which metals are magnetic?

101 IRON, NICKEL & COBALT

102 Properties of NON-METALS For an element to be classified as a NON METAL, it must have some of the following properties: - Dull - Brittle - Does not conduct heat well (Insulator) or electricity - Low melting and boiling points

103 But hold on there is one more….

104 Objective: Know the properties of metals and non-metals H Li Na K Rb Cs Fr Be ScTi Mg VCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeSeBrCaKr YZrNbMoTcRuPdAgCdInSnSbSrTeRh BaHfTaWReOsIrAuHgTlPbBiPoLaAtPt RaRfDbSgBhHsMt??Ac? AlP NO SCl FNe Ar Rn I Si Xe He BC As Fe Metals and Non-metals Do you think these are metals or non- metals? Mg SP SP Cu metalNon-metal IISb Activity

105 Properties of METALS For an element to be classified as a METAL, it must have some of the following properties: - Strong - Shiny - Conduct heat and electricity - Have high melting points - Malleable - Magnetic (some) - Found on the left or middle of the Periodic Table

106 Properties of NON-METALS For an element to be classified as a NON METAL, it must have some of the following properties: - Dull - Brittle - Does not conduct heat well (Insulator) or electricity - Low melting and boiling points - Found on the right of the Periodic Table

107 Test yourself Objective: Know the properties of metals and non-metals

108 Self Assess Objective: Know the properties of metals and non-metals

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111 Carbon Dioxide?????

112 So what does carbon dioxide contain? CO 2 Atom of carbon 2 atoms of oxygen

113 “A simple substance that only contains one TYPE of atom”

114 what is it….. So if carbon dioxide is not an element

115 “A substance that contains two or more TYPES of atom bonded together ”

116 Lesson objectives ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a compound and be able to spot the differences between elements and compounds (level 5) MOST: Will BE ABLE to name compounds according to the elements they contain (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to state the number of elements and atoms from a given chemical formula (level 7)

117 Volunteer please

118 Activity

119 Lesson objectives Have we hit any yet? ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a compound and be able to spot the differences between elements and compounds (level 5) MOST: Will BE ABLE to name compounds according to the elements they contain (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to state the number of elements and atoms from a given chemical formula (level 7)

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121 Practical Instructions  Put some iron and sulphur into a test tube  Heat the test tube in the roaring flame  Once the test tube is a glowing red colour place it onto the heatproof mat  Wrap the test tube in newspaper and use the hammer to smash the tube.  Carefully search through the broken glass and think about what you found

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123 So you started with iron and sulphur and then heated it. For 50 Vivos, what did you end up with?

124 IRON SULPHIDE

125 Watch carefully

126 NAMING SIMPLE COMPOUNDS. It is easy to name simple compounds of metals and non-metals. 1.Write down the name of the metal 2.Write down the name of the non-metal but change the ending to “ide.” oxygencalcium sulphursilver brominecopper Name of compound Element 2 Element 1 copper bromide silver sulphide calcium oxide 1) magnesium 2) oxygen = magnesium oxide 1) sodium 2) chlorine = sodium chloride

127 NAMING SIMPLE COMPOUNDS. Name the compound formed from these elements nitrogenlithium sulphurzinc iodinenickel brominealuminium oxygentin chlorinesodium nitrogenmagnesium sulphuriron Name of compound Element 2 Element 1 iron sulphide

128 Your TASK 1. Work out the name of the compound formed from the elements shown 2. Write the compound out in the form of a word equation e.g. iron + sulphur ----> iron sulphide 3. YOU HAVE 6 MINUTES

129 PEER ASSESS Name the compound formed from these elements nitrogenlithium sulphurzinc iodinenickel brominealuminium oxygentin chlorinesodium nitrogenmagnesium sulphuriron Name of compound Element 2 Element 1 iron sulphide magnesium nitride sodium chloride tin oxide aluminium bromide nickel iodide zinc sulphide lithium nitride

130 If a compound only contains two elements, then the ending of the compound is always -ide

131 But what if there are more than two elements in a compound??????

132 BOB THE BUILDER “We can FIX IT!”

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134 For 50 Vivos, does anyone know what’s the name of the compound that contains calcium, carbon and oxygen?

135 CALCIUM CARBONATE

136 So if the compound contains three or more elements and one of them is oxygen, then the ending of the compound is -ate

137 NAMING MORE COMPLICATED COMPOUNDS YOUR TASK Work out the names of the last three compounds oxygenbrominealuminium oxygensulphurcopper oxygen oxygen oxygen Element 3 nitrogensodium magnesium nitrate nitrogenmagnesium nickel sulphate sulphurnickel Name of compound Element 2 Element 1 sodium nitrate copper sulphate aluminium bromate

138 Lesson objectives Have we hit any yet? ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a compound and be able to spot the differences between elements and compounds (level 5) MOST: Will BE ABLE to name compounds according to the elements they contain (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to state the number of elements and atoms from a given chemical formula (level 7)

139 NameChemical Formulae Number of elements Total number of atoms CaCO 3

140 Who was I again? CaCO 3

141 NameChemical Formulae Number of elements Total number of atoms Calcium Carbonate CaCO 3

142 When trying to work out the number of elements in a chemical formulae, just count the capital letters

143 COUNT THEM!!!!! CaCO 3 1st capital letter 2nd capital letter 3rd capital letter

144 NameChemical Formulae Number of elements Total number of atoms Calcium Carbonate CaCO 3 3

145 MICKEY clears up the misconception If a chemical symbol has no number next to it, that means it only has 1 atom

146 COUNT THEM!!!!! CaCO 3 No number = 1 atom of calcium No number = 1 atom of carbon Read the number = 3 atoms of oxygen

147 NameChemical Formulae Number of elements Total number of atoms Calcium Carbonate CaCO 3 35

148 TASK Complete the atoms, elements and compounds table according to your shape below Complete the table which you have been given

149 NameFormulaNumber of elements Number of atoms AmmoniaNH 3 24 WaterH2OH2O23 OxygenO2O2 12 Sodium hydrogen carbonate NaHNO 3 46 Copper chlorideCuCl 2 23

150 Lesson objectives Have we hit any yet? ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a compound and be able to spot the differences between elements and compounds (level 5) MOST: Will BE ABLE to name compounds according to the elements they contain (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to state the number of elements and atoms from a given chemical formula (level 7)

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152 ELEMENTA substance which contains two or more types of atoms bonded together COMPOUNDA substance which contains two or more types of atoms not all bonded together MIXTUREA substance which contains only one type of atom

153 Volunteer please

154 ELEMENTA substance which contains two or more types of atoms bonded together COMPOUNDA substance which contains two or more types of atoms not all bonded together MIXTUREA substance which contains only one type of atom

155 ELEMENTA substance which contains two or more types of atoms bonded together COMPOUNDA substance which contains two or more types of atoms not all bonded together MIXTUREA substance which contains only one type of atom

156 “A substance which contains two or more types of atom not all bonded together”

157 Look at the bingo card that you have in front of you. You have three colours. Colour all of the elements in one colour, the compounds in another and the mixtures in the third colour. Make sure you do a KEY!

158 Lesson objectives ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a mixture and be able to recognise mixtures when given a selection of substances (level 5) MOST: Will KNOW the different methods used to separate mixtures (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to name the most appropriate separation technique when provided with a mixture (level 7)

159 So if a mixture contains atoms not all bonded together, what can be done? SEPARATION

160 Competition Time

161 WRITE THEM DOWN

162 Welcome To…… SAY WHAT YOU SEE! Number 1

163 1 WORD The shortened version for the name Fiona Replace the D with a T

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165 “Technique used to separate out substances that consist of more than one colour”

166 Number 2

167 T O N E P A I V A R O

168 E V A P O R A T I O N

169 “Technique used to separate two liquids (by heating) to only leave one liquid”

170 Welcome To…… SAY WHAT YOU SEE! Number 3

171 1 WORD Take off the first two letters

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173 “Technique used to separate out a solid and a liquid”

174 Number 4

175 S L A D I T O N I L A T

176 D I S T I L L A T I O N

177 “Technique used to separate out two liquids by the process of evaporation and then condensation”

178 CHROMATOGRAPHY FILTERING EVAPORATION DISTILLATION

179 Lesson objectives Have you hit any yet? ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a mixture and be able to recognise mixtures when given a selection of substances (level 5) MOST: Will KNOW the different methods used to separate mixtures (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to name the most appropriate separation technique when provided with a mixture (level 7)

180 Can you help our superheroes? STIG and STEENA are two superheroes with a superpower for separating. But today, they have come up against some real difficult assignments and they can’t do it all on their own!!! They will describe the assignment and you must give your advice on how to SEPARATE.

181 A mixture of alcohol and water A mixture of sand and water A mixture of ink and water The colours in an ink cartridge

182 DISTILLATION A mixture of alcohol and water

183 FILTERING A mixture of sand and water

184 EVAPORATION A mixture of ink and water

185 CHROMATOGRAPHY The colours in an ink cartridge

186 Don’t go just yet!!!!! There is one final job!

187 THIS IS THE HARDEST ONE YET!!!! There is a horrible mixture of iron and sulphur – they must be separated!

188 DESCRIBE Iron and sulphur can be separated using a magnet EXPLAIN This is because iron is magnetic and sulphur is not

189 Lesson objectives Have you hit any yet? ALL: Will KNOW the definition of a mixture and be able to recognise mixtures when given a selection of substances (level 5) MOST: Will KNOW the different methods used to separate mixtures (level 6) SOME: Will BE ABLE to name the most appropriate separation technique when provided with a mixture (level 7)

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191 Practical Instructions  Measure out 25cm 3 of dilute sulphuric acid and pour into a beaker  Add one spatula of the copper oxide. Stir the solution until the copper oxide dissolves  Continue to add a spatula of copper oxide and stirring, until the copper oxide no longer dissolves.  Set up a funnel over a conical flask and place filter paper into the funnel  Pour the stirred solution into the funnel  Once you have only the solid remaining in the filter paper, pour the contents of the conical flask into an evaporating basin  Evaporate the blue solution to remove the water

192 You need to complete the question on the copper sulphate reaction

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194 MIND MAP ATOM ELEMENTS HYDROGEN WATER AIR SEPARATE NON- METALS METALS CHEMICAL FORMULAE contains 3 is an example of a is shown by O in the has H as their are good conductors of are easy to contains 2 or more types of is the lightest element in the contains 1 atom of are found on the left & middle can be

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196 MIND MAP ATOM ELEMENTS HYDROGEN WATER AIR SEPARATE NON- METALS METALS CHEMICAL FORMULAE contains 3 is an example of a is shown by O in the has H as their are good conductors of are easy to contains 2 or more types of is the lightest element in the contains 1 atom of are found on the left & middle can be

197 Competition Time

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199 The RULES!! Get yourself into four teams A series of clues will appear on the board describing an element, compound or mixture The earlier clues are difficult but worth more points The earlier you guess correctly what the substance is, the more points you will get But you only get one guess, so if you hold your whiteboard up with the wrong answer, you are out for that question

200 Who am I? 5. I am an element 4. I am a metal 3. I am used in wires and saucepans 2. I have the symbol Cu 1. My name rhymes with bopper

201 Who am I? 5. I am a compound 4. I am a cause of global warming 3. I am breathed out by humans 2. I have the formula CO 2 1. I am formed between carbon and oxygen

202 Who am I? 5. I am a mixture 4. One of my components is Argon 3. My biggest component is Nitrogen 2. I contain 21% of Oxygen 1. My name rhymes with BEAR

203 Who am I? 5. I am an element 4. I am a non metal 3. I am lighter than air 2. I have the symbol He 1. I am used in balloons

204 Who am I? 5. I am an element 4. I am a liquid at room temperature 3. I am the only metal which is liquid at room temperature 2. I am used in thermometers 1. I have the chemical symbol Hg

205 Competition Time

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207 The RULES!! Get into four teams and select one player to take the HOTSEAT 4 words will be on the board behind your player Your job is to get your player to say these 4 words in the quickest time Your descriptions must be Scientific Any descriptions which are not Scientific will incur a penalty of 30 seconds If you have to tell them the word, this will incur a penalty of 60 seconds

208 Periodic Table Compound Distillation Cu

209 Calcium carbonate Filtering Alloy Au

210 Conductor Chromatography Iron sulphide Atom

211 Malleable Non-metal Evaporation Ne


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