7 The Wars of the Roses From 1455 to 1485 Between the House of Lancaster and the House of YorkFought for the throne of England
8 Major Causes both houses were direct descendents of king Edward III the ruling Lancastrian king, Henry VI, had lost all the lands on the continent of FranceThe unprodictable episodes of mental illness by king Henry VI
9 The Campaign and the End of the Wars 22 May 1455 the battle of St Albans1461 the Battle of Towton1485 the Battle of Bosworth Field
11 Richard II ( )The eight King of England of the house of PlantagenetSon of Edward, the Black Prince and grandson of Edward IIICrushed the Peasant’s RevoltQuarreled with ParliamentThe commission of the ‘Lord Appellant’ was createdAbdicated in 1399Murdered in 1400
12 Peasants’ Revolt (1381) Background The Black Death had devistated EuropeThe life of the serfs was really hardThe new poll tax
13 The revolt7th June, 1381 – the Great Council where Wat Tyler was elected the leader of the rebellionThe rebels marched to London14th June – meeting at Mile End15th June – meeting at Smithfield where Tyler was murderedThe revolt was crushed at ST. John’s Fields
14 Coscequences Sowed the seed of democracy The beginning of the end of serfdom in medieval EnglandLed to the reform of feudalismIncreased the rights of the serf classDeath of Wat Tyler
16 The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer Written in Middle English Two of the stories are in verse, other twenty two in proseInfluenced by The DecameronG. Chaucer
17 PlotA group of pilgrims are heading to Canterbury Cathedral, to visit the tomb of Saint Thomas BecketCharacter from different classes: monks, shipmen, yeomen, knights etc.Everyone has to tell four stories during the pilgrimageA woodcut from William Caxton'ssecond edition of the Canterbury Tales printed in 1483.
18 'Wepyng and waylyng, care and oother sorwe An example of the original text:'Wepyng and waylyng, care and oother sorweI knowe ynogh, on even and a-morwe,'Quod the Marchant, 'and so doon other moThat wedded been.'
19 Canterbury Tales falls into the category of frame tale The structure is largely linearCanterbury CathedralThe Tales is written during the time of thePeasants’ Revolt