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World War II Progression packet.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II Progression packet."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II Progression packet

2 A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty
1. March 1935 a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty 1. Invades the Rhineland 2. Begins to build the Third Reich 2. October 1936 a. Hitler begins an alliance w/ Mussolini’s Italy 1. Alliance called Rome-Berlin Axis Japan joined the treaty later 1. Name was changed to Axis Powers

3 A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty
3. Impacts to the rest of the World a. Appeasement 1. To allow Hitler the land he wants to maintain peace b. Munich Conference 1. Britain and Germany met to talk about Hitler taking Czechoslovakia

4 B. Germany begins the War
1. Non-aggression pact a. Between Germany/Hitler and Soviet Union/Stalin b. States that the two countries will not attack each other c. Secret Pact 1. Warsaw Pact 2. States that half of Poland goes to Germany and other half goes to Soviet Union

5 B. Germany begins the War
2. Germany’s Lighting Attack a. September 1939 1. Attacked Poland 2. France and Britain declared war a. September 3rd 1939 b. Poland fell before aid could come 3. Strategy called “blitzkrieg” or Lighting war

6 B. Germany begins the War
3. Soviets Move in a. Attack Poland b. Attack Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia c. Stalin’s Crucial Mistake in round One 1. Attack Finland 2. Thought it would have been an easy win but did not prepare to fight a winter war

7 B. Germany begin the War 4. Allies finally attack
a. France and Great Britain waited SEVEN months to attack b. Only mobilized troops when Germany attacked Denmark and Norway 1. Denmark fell in 4 hours 2. Norway fell 2 months later

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9 Meet the Major Leaders Adolf Hitler - Germany

10 Meet the Major Leaders Hitler’s famous quotes:
“All great movements are popular movements. They are the volcanic eruptions of human passions and emotions, stirred into activity by the ruthless Goddess of Distress or by the torch of the spoken word cast into the midst of the people.” “How fortunate for governments that the people they administer don't think.” “If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed.” Who says I am not under the special protection of God?

11 Meet the Major Leaders Josef Stalin – Soviet Union
Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili Rose through the ranks to become General Secretary of Government Killed all those that apposed him and made himself leader when Vladimir Lenin died

12 Meet the Major Leaders Josef Stalin Quotes:
Death is the solution to all problems. No man - no problem Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas. If any foreign minister begins to defend to the death a "peace conference," you can be sure his government has already placed its orders for new battleships and airplanes. It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything When we hang the capitalists they will sell us the rope we use.

13 Meet the Major Leaders Neville Chamberlain – England until May 1940 when Hitler took over Norway Obviously Appeasement did not contain Hitler Winston Churchill – England when Chamberlain resigned Was apposed to Appeasement – this is why the British troops finally attacked

14 Meet the Major Leaders Neville Chamberlain Winston Churchill
“However much we may sympathize with a small nation confronted by a big and powerful neighbors, we cannot in all circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in a war simply on her account” In war, whichever side may call itself the victor, there are no winners, but all are losers Winston Churchill A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on. Although personally I am quite content with existing explosives, I feel we must not stand in the path of improvement. In war as in life, it is often necessary when some cherished scheme has failed, to take up the best alternative open, and if so, it is folly not to work for it with all your might.

15 C. Attack on France 1. May 1940 France Falls a Hitler’s Plan
1. Attack the countries North and East of France Keep allied troops occupied Sneak past the Allied defense camps by going through the forest and attack the Northern border France Falls a. Battle at Dunkirk 1. France battled for 3 weeks and were cornered on the Coast 2. British Troops rescued them by sea

16 C. Attack on France (cont’d)
2. France Falls (cont’d) b. Battle of Paris 1. Once you take the capital you take the country 2. Happened ten days after the battle at Dunkirk 3. French surrender Eight days later

17 D. Attack on other Fronts
1. North Africa a. Hitler attacked here because of a deal with Mussolini b. Mussolini attacked Egypt c. British fight back 1. Save their colonies 2. Fought against Germany going back and forth a. British finally won after a Two year fight

18 D. Attack on the other Fronts (cont’d)
2. Eastern Front a. Operation Barbarossa – June 1941 1. Hitler’s plan to invade the Soviet Union 2. Steps a. First take over the Balkans area b. Attack after helping the Soviet’s win battles C. attack Industrial Center

19 D. Attack on the other Fronts (cont’d)
2. Eastern Front (cont’d) b. Fight against the Soviet Union 1. September 1941 a. Planned to take the Major Industrial city 1. Leningrad 2. Surrounded the city to starve the people 3. City held for the winter, refusing to fall 4. To Moscow hoping it would fall easier

20 E. Pearl Harbor 1. Day that will live in Infamy 2. Declaration of War
a. December 7th, 1941 b. Japanese Kamikaze attack on Pearl Harbor 1. 19 ships, 8 battleships and 2300 people were killed 2. Declaration of War a. Declared war on Japan b. First fight of the war was in Europe 1. Atlantic Charter a. U.S. and Britain’s treaty stating their alliance and the U.S. promised to help the allies first if they were to begin a war.

21 F. Allies begin Winning 1. North Africa 2. Battle for Stalingrad
a. Operation Torch 1. March on Morocco and Algeria 2. Lead by Dwight D. Eisenhower 2. Battle for Stalingrad a. Second Battle began in August 1942 b. City was able to hold on until late august 42 1. Hitler did not plan to fight during the winter 2. Troops were not supplied and lost bcuz of this

22 F. Allies begin Winning (cont’d)
3. Invasion of Italy a. July 1943 1. First capture of the city of Sicily b. People of Italy 1.Already growing tired of Mussolini’s rule 2. Troops abandoned their Italian positions and fought on the side of the Allies 3. Removed Mussolini

23 F. Allies begin Winning (cont’d)
Invasion of Italy (cont’d) c. Surrender of Italy – Sike 1. September 1943 Italy officially surrendered a. Germany came to help their ‘friends’ b. Put Mussolini back in charge 2. Italy began a ‘civil’ war a. Resistance began to fight with the Allied troops

24 F. Allies begin Winning (cont’d)
4. D-Day Invasion – June 6th, 1944 a. Win back France 1. Normandy Beaches a. Allies attacked FIVE different beaches 2. Strategy a. Attack Early 1. German’s would not be able to react quickly enough 2. Hitler would still be sleeping b. Knew that Hitler did not allow Generals to make on site decisions 1. German soldiers could not retreat to their next base to get more troops and supplies

25 G. Battle of the Bulge Fought over the winter months of 1944 – 1945
Began as Hitler’s Ardennes Offensive Hitler wanted to split the Allied Armies hoping this would weaken them German success only lasted two days Lack of fuel caused their loss

26 H. Death of Adolf Hitler Hitler Soviet Troops we closing in on Berlin
They outnumbered the German troops 15 to 1 Hitler hid under the Reich Chancellery building in a bunker On April 28th Hitler married Eva Braun Two days later Hitler and his wife killed themselves and their bodies were “burned”

27 Official End of the War May 7, 1945 General Eisenhower accepts the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich May 9th, Allies celebrate V-E Day for the Victor in Europe

28 Destruction of War Cities were reduced to ruble
Many civilians died of starvation in the wake of the war Many people displaced

29 The War in the Pacific Led by General Douglas MacArthur
Used Island Hopping Strategy Seize islands only vital to victory rather than every island in Pacific Spearheaded by U.S. Marine amphibious assaults

30 Battle Of Guadalcanal U.S want to seize island for airbase
Japanese loose 24,000 out of 36,000 soldiers Fierce battles lead to nickname “Island of Death”

31 Battle of Iwo Jima Only U.S Marine battle with casualties exceeding the enemy One of Hardest fought battles of World War 2

32 Atomic Bomb Called the Manhattan Project Led by Albert Einstein
Dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 Dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 Japan Surrendered on September 2

33 Japan Surrenders After the dropping of Atomic Bomb, Japan is forced into submission Atomic Bomb is dropped on August 6th and August 9th Japan finally surrenders to General Douglas MacArthur on September 2 at the will of Emperor Hirohito Ceremony took place on US battleship Missouri

34 Nuremberg Trials 22 Nazi leaders were charged with waging a war of aggression They were accused of committing crimes of humanity Many received death sentence Hans Frank was only Nazi to express remorse for Dachau

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36 Capitalism vs. Communism
U.S and Soviet Union emerge from war as superpowers and competition U.S introduces Marshall plan which is aid to help rebuild all of Europe Used as a way to push Europe toward democracy Soviet Union promised change with communism and many in Europe were willing to listen


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