Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

World War II Progression packet. A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 1. March 1935 1. March 1935 a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty a. Hitler.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "World War II Progression packet. A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 1. March 1935 1. March 1935 a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty a. Hitler."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II Progression packet

2 A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 1. March 1935 1. March 1935 a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty 1. Invades the Rhineland 1. Invades the Rhineland 2. Begins to build the Third Reich 2. Begins to build the Third Reich 2. October 1936 2. October 1936 a. Hitler begins an alliance w/ Mussolinis Italy a. Hitler begins an alliance w/ Mussolinis Italy 1. Alliance called Rome-Berlin Axis 1. Alliance called Rome-Berlin Axis Japan joined the treaty later Japan joined the treaty later 1. Name was changed to Axis Powers 1. Name was changed to Axis Powers

3 A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 3. Impacts to the rest of the World 3. Impacts to the rest of the World a. Appeasement a. Appeasement 1. To allow Hitler the land he wants to maintain peace 1. To allow Hitler the land he wants to maintain peace b. Munich Conference b. Munich Conference 1. Britain and Germany met to talk about Hitler taking Czechoslovakia 1. Britain and Germany met to talk about Hitler taking Czechoslovakia

4 B. Germany begins the War 1. Non-aggression pact 1. Non-aggression pact a. Between Germany/Hitler and Soviet Union/Stalin a. Between Germany/Hitler and Soviet Union/Stalin b. States that the two countries will not attack each other b. States that the two countries will not attack each other c. Secret Pact c. Secret Pact 1. Warsaw Pact 1. Warsaw Pact 2. States that half of Poland goes to Germany and other half goes to Soviet Union 2. States that half of Poland goes to Germany and other half goes to Soviet Union

5 B. Germany begins the War 2. Germanys Lighting Attack 2. Germanys Lighting Attack a. September 1939 a. September 1939 1. Attacked Poland 1. Attacked Poland 2. France and Britain declared war 2. France and Britain declared war a. September 3 rd 1939 a. September 3 rd 1939 b. Poland fell before aid could come b. Poland fell before aid could come 3. Strategy called blitzkrieg or Lighting war 3. Strategy called blitzkrieg or Lighting war

6 B. Germany begins the War 3. Soviets Move in 3. Soviets Move in a. Attack Poland a. Attack Poland b. Attack Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia b. Attack Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia c. Stalins Crucial Mistake in round One c. Stalins Crucial Mistake in round One 1. Attack Finland 1. Attack Finland 2. Thought it would have been an easy win but did not prepare to fight a winter war 2. Thought it would have been an easy win but did not prepare to fight a winter war

7 B. Germany begin the War 4. Allies finally attack 4. Allies finally attack a. France and Great Britain waited SEVEN months to attack a. France and Great Britain waited SEVEN months to attack b. Only mobilized troops when Germany attacked Denmark and Norway b. Only mobilized troops when Germany attacked Denmark and Norway 1. Denmark fell in 4 hours 1. Denmark fell in 4 hours 2. Norway fell 2 months later 2. Norway fell 2 months later

8

9 Meet the Major Leaders Adolf Hitler - Germany Adolf Hitler - Germany

10 Meet the Major Leaders Hitlers famous quotes: Hitlers famous quotes: All great movements are popular movements. They are the volcanic eruptions of human passions and emotions, stirred into activity by the ruthless Goddess of Distress or by the torch of the spoken word cast into the midst of the people. All great movements are popular movements. They are the volcanic eruptions of human passions and emotions, stirred into activity by the ruthless Goddess of Distress or by the torch of the spoken word cast into the midst of the people. How fortunate for governments that the people they administer don't think. How fortunate for governments that the people they administer don't think. If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed. If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed. Who says I am not under the special protection of God? Who says I am not under the special protection of God?

11 Meet the Major Leaders Josef Stalin – Soviet Union Josef Stalin – Soviet Union Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili Rose through the ranks to become General Secretary of Government Rose through the ranks to become General Secretary of Government Killed all those that apposed him and made himself leader when Vladimir Lenin died Killed all those that apposed him and made himself leader when Vladimir Lenin died

12 Meet the Major Leaders Josef Stalin Quotes: Josef Stalin Quotes: Death is the solution to all problems. No man - no problem Death is the solution to all problems. No man - no problem Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas. Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas. If any foreign minister begins to defend to the death a "peace conference," you can be sure his government has already placed its orders for new battleships and airplanes. If any foreign minister begins to defend to the death a "peace conference," you can be sure his government has already placed its orders for new battleships and airplanes. It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything When we hang the capitalists they will sell us the rope we use. When we hang the capitalists they will sell us the rope we use.

13 Meet the Major Leaders Neville Chamberlain – England until May 1940 when Hitler took over Norway Neville Chamberlain – England until May 1940 when Hitler took over Norway Obviously Appeasement did not contain Hitler Obviously Appeasement did not contain Hitler Winston Churchill – England when Chamberlain resigned Winston Churchill – England when Chamberlain resigned Was apposed to Appeasement – this is why the British troops finally attacked Was apposed to Appeasement – this is why the British troops finally attacked

14 Meet the Major Leaders Neville Chamberlain Neville Chamberlain However much we may sympathize with a small nation confronted by a big and powerful neighbors, we cannot in all circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in a war simply on her account However much we may sympathize with a small nation confronted by a big and powerful neighbors, we cannot in all circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in a war simply on her account In war, whichever side may call itself the victor, there are no winners, but all are losers In war, whichever side may call itself the victor, there are no winners, but all are losers Winston Churchill Winston Churchill A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on. A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on. Although personally I am quite content with existing explosives, I feel we must not stand in the path of improvement. Although personally I am quite content with existing explosives, I feel we must not stand in the path of improvement. In war as in life, it is often necessary when some cherished scheme has failed, to take up the best alternative open, and if so, it is folly not to work for it with all your might. In war as in life, it is often necessary when some cherished scheme has failed, to take up the best alternative open, and if so, it is folly not to work for it with all your might.

15 C. Attack on France 1. May 1940 1. May 1940 a Hitlers Plan a Hitlers Plan 1. Attack the countries North and East of France 1. Attack the countries North and East of France Keep Keep allied troops occupied Sneak past the Allied defense camps by going through the forest and attack the Northern border France Falls a. Battle at Dunkirk 1. France battled for 3 weeks and were cornered on the Coast 2. British Troops rescued them by sea

16 C. Attack on France (contd) 2. France Falls (contd) 2. France Falls (contd) b. Battle of Paris b. Battle of Paris 1. Once you take the capital you take the country 1. Once you take the capital you take the country 2. Happened ten days after the battle at Dunkirk 2. Happened ten days after the battle at Dunkirk 3. French surrender Eight days later 3. French surrender Eight days later

17 D. Attack on other Fronts 1. North Africa 1. North Africa a. Hitler attacked here because of a deal with Mussolini a. Hitler attacked here because of a deal with Mussolini b. Mussolini attacked Egypt b. Mussolini attacked Egypt c. British fight back c. British fight back 1. Save their colonies 1. Save their colonies 2. Fought against Germany going back and forth 2. Fought against Germany going back and forth a. British finally won after a Two year fight a. British finally won after a Two year fight

18 D. Attack on the other Fronts (contd) 2. Eastern Front 2. Eastern Front a. Operation Barbarossa – June 1941 a. Operation Barbarossa – June 1941 1. Hitlers plan to invade the Soviet Union 1. Hitlers plan to invade the Soviet Union 2. Steps 2. Steps a. First take over the Balkans area a. First take over the Balkans area b. Attack after helping the Soviets win battles b. Attack after helping the Soviets win battles C. attack Industrial Center C. attack Industrial Center

19 D. Attack on the other Fronts (contd) 2. Eastern Front (contd) 2. Eastern Front (contd) b. Fight against the Soviet Union b. Fight against the Soviet Union 1. September 1941 1. September 1941 a. Planned to take the Major Industrial city a. Planned to take the Major Industrial city 1. Leningrad 1. Leningrad 2. Surrounded the city to starve the people 2. Surrounded the city to starve the people 3. City held for the winter, refusing to fall 3. City held for the winter, refusing to fall 4. To Moscow hoping it would fall easier 4. To Moscow hoping it would fall easier

20 E. Pearl Harbor 1. Day that will live in Infamy 1. Day that will live in Infamy a. December 7 th, 1941 a. December 7 th, 1941 b. Japanese Kamikaze attack on Pearl Harbor b. Japanese Kamikaze attack on Pearl Harbor 1. 19 ships, 8 battleships and 2300 people were killed 1. 19 ships, 8 battleships and 2300 people were killed 2. Declaration of War 2. Declaration of War a. Declared war on Japan a. Declared war on Japan b. First fight of the war was in Europe b. First fight of the war was in Europe 1. Atlantic Charter 1. Atlantic Charter a. U.S. and Britains treaty stating their alliance and the U.S. promised to help the allies first if they were to begin a war. a. U.S. and Britains treaty stating their alliance and the U.S. promised to help the allies first if they were to begin a war.

21 F. Allies begin Winning 1. North Africa 1. North Africa a. Operation Torch a. Operation Torch 1. March on Morocco and Algeria 1. March on Morocco and Algeria 2. Lead by Dwight D. Eisenhower 2. Lead by Dwight D. Eisenhower 2. Battle for Stalingrad 2. Battle for Stalingrad a. Second Battle began in August 1942 a. Second Battle began in August 1942 b. City was able to hold on until late august 42 b. City was able to hold on until late august 42 1. Hitler did not plan to fight during the winter 1. Hitler did not plan to fight during the winter 2. Troops were not supplied and lost bcuz of this 2. Troops were not supplied and lost bcuz of this

22 F. Allies begin Winning (contd) 3. Invasion of Italy 3. Invasion of Italy a. July 1943 a. July 1943 1. First capture of the city of Sicily 1. First capture of the city of Sicily b. People of Italy b. People of Italy 1.Already growing tired of Mussolinis rule 1.Already growing tired of Mussolinis rule 2. Troops abandoned their Italian positions and fought on the side of the Allies 2. Troops abandoned their Italian positions and fought on the side of the Allies 3. Removed Mussolini 3. Removed Mussolini

23 F. Allies begin Winning (contd) Invasion of Italy (contd) Invasion of Italy (contd) c. Surrender of Italy – Sike c. Surrender of Italy – Sike 1. September 1943 Italy officially surrendered 1. September 1943 Italy officially surrendered a. Germany came to help their friends a. Germany came to help their friends b. Put Mussolini back in charge b. Put Mussolini back in charge 2. Italy began a civil war 2. Italy began a civil war a. Resistance began to fight with the Allied troops a. Resistance began to fight with the Allied troops

24 F. Allies begin Winning (contd) 4. D-Day Invasion – June 6 th, 1944 4. D-Day Invasion – June 6 th, 1944 a. Win back France a. Win back France 1. Normandy Beaches 1. Normandy Beaches a. Allies attacked FIVE different beaches a. Allies attacked FIVE different beaches 2. Strategy 2. Strategy a. Attack Early a. Attack Early 1. Germans would not be able to react quickly enough 1. Germans would not be able to react quickly enough 2. Hitler would still be sleeping 2. Hitler would still be sleeping b. Knew that Hitler did not allow Generals to make on site decisions b. Knew that Hitler did not allow Generals to make on site decisions 1. German soldiers could not retreat to their next base to get more troops and supplies 1. German soldiers could not retreat to their next base to get more troops and supplies

25 Fought over the winter months of 1944 – 1945 Fought over the winter months of 1944 – 19451944194519441945 Began as Hitlers Ardennes Offensive Began as Hitlers Ardennes Offensive Hitler wanted to split the Allied Armies hoping this would weaken them Hitler wanted to split the Allied Armies hoping this would weaken them German success only lasted two days German success only lasted two days Lack of fuel caused their loss Lack of fuel caused their loss G. Battle of the Bulge

26 Hitler Soviet Troops we closing in on Berlin Hitler Soviet Troops we closing in on Berlin They outnumbered the German troops 15 to 1 They outnumbered the German troops 15 to 1 Hitler hid under the Reich Chancellery building in a bunker Hitler hid under the Reich Chancellery building in a bunker On April 28 th Hitler married Eva Braun On April 28 th Hitler married Eva Braun Two days later Hitler and his wife killed themselves and their bodies were burned Two days later Hitler and his wife killed themselves and their bodies were burned H. Death of Adolf Hitler

27 May 7, 1945 General Eisenhower accepts the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich May 7, 1945 General Eisenhower accepts the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich May 9 th, Allies celebrate V-E Day for the Victor in Europe May 9 th, Allies celebrate V-E Day for the Victor in Europe Official End of the War

28 Cities were reduced to ruble Cities were reduced to ruble Many civilians died of starvation in the wake of the war Many civilians died of starvation in the wake of the war Many people displaced Many people displaced Destruction of War

29 Led by General Douglas MacArthur Led by General Douglas MacArthur Used Island Hopping Strategy Used Island Hopping Strategy Seize islands only vital to victory rather than every island in Pacific Seize islands only vital to victory rather than every island in Pacific Spearheaded by U.S. Marine amphibious assaults Spearheaded by U.S. Marine amphibious assaults The War in the Pacific

30 U.S want to seize island for airbase U.S want to seize island for airbase Japanese loose 24,000 out of 36,000 soldiers Japanese loose 24,000 out of 36,000 soldiers Fierce battles lead to nickname Island of Death Fierce battles lead to nickname Island of Death Battle Of Guadalcanal

31 Only U.S Marine battle with casualties exceeding the enemy Only U.S Marine battle with casualties exceeding the enemy One of Hardest fought battles of World War 2 One of Hardest fought battles of World War 2 Battle of Iwo Jima

32 Called the Manhattan Project Called the Manhattan Project Led by Albert Einstein Led by Albert Einstein Dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 Dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 Dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 Dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 Japan Surrendered on September 2 Japan Surrendered on September 2 Atomic Bomb

33 After the dropping of Atomic Bomb, Japan is forced into submission After the dropping of Atomic Bomb, Japan is forced into submission Atomic Bomb is dropped on August 6 th and August 9 th Atomic Bomb is dropped on August 6 th and August 9 th Japan finally surrenders to General Douglas MacArthur on September 2 at the will of Emperor Hirohito Japan finally surrenders to General Douglas MacArthur on September 2 at the will of Emperor Hirohito Ceremony took place on US battleship Missouri Ceremony took place on US battleship Missouri Japan Surrenders

34 22 Nazi leaders were charged with waging a war of aggression 22 Nazi leaders were charged with waging a war of aggression They were accused of committing crimes of humanity They were accused of committing crimes of humanity Many received death sentence Many received death sentence Hans Frank was only Nazi to express remorse for Dachau Hans Frank was only Nazi to express remorse for Dachau Nuremberg Trials

35

36 U.S and Soviet Union emerge from war as superpowers and competition U.S and Soviet Union emerge from war as superpowers and competition U.S introduces Marshall plan which is aid to help rebuild all of Europe U.S introduces Marshall plan which is aid to help rebuild all of Europe Used as a way to push Europe toward democracy Used as a way to push Europe toward democracy Soviet Union promised change with communism and many in Europe were willing to listen Soviet Union promised change with communism and many in Europe were willing to listen Capitalism vs. Communism


Download ppt "World War II Progression packet. A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 1. March 1935 1. March 1935 a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty a. Hitler."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google