2 A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 1. March 1935a. Hitler states he will not honor the treaty1. Invades the Rhineland2. Begins to build the Third Reich2. October 1936a. Hitler begins an alliance w/ Mussolini’s Italy1. Alliance called Rome-Berlin AxisJapan joined the treaty later1. Name was changed to Axis Powers
3 A. Hitler Defies the Versailles Treaty 3. Impacts to the rest of the Worlda. Appeasement1. To allow Hitler the land he wants to maintain peaceb. Munich Conference1. Britain and Germany met to talk about Hitler taking Czechoslovakia
4 B. Germany begins the War 1. Non-aggression pacta. Between Germany/Hitler and Soviet Union/Stalinb. States that the two countries will not attack each otherc. Secret Pact1. Warsaw Pact2. States that half of Poland goes to Germany and other half goes to Soviet Union
5 B. Germany begins the War 2. Germany’s Lighting Attacka. September 19391. Attacked Poland2. France and Britain declared wara. September 3rd 1939b. Poland fell before aid could come3. Strategy called “blitzkrieg” or Lighting war
6 B. Germany begins the War 3. Soviets Move ina. Attack Polandb. Attack Lithuania, Latvia, Estoniac. Stalin’s Crucial Mistake in round One1. Attack Finland2. Thought it would have been an easy win but did not prepare to fight a winter war
7 B. Germany begin the War 4. Allies finally attack a. France and Great Britain waited SEVEN months to attackb. Only mobilized troops when Germany attacked Denmark and Norway1. Denmark fell in 4 hours2. Norway fell 2 months later
10 Meet the Major Leaders Hitler’s famous quotes: “All great movements are popular movements. They are the volcanic eruptions of human passions and emotions, stirred into activity by the ruthless Goddess of Distress or by the torch of the spoken word cast into the midst of the people.”“How fortunate for governments that the people they administer don't think.”“If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed.”Who says I am not under the special protection of God?
11 Meet the Major Leaders Josef Stalin – Soviet Union Iosif Vissarionovich DzhugashviliRose through the ranks to become General Secretary of GovernmentKilled all those that apposed him and made himself leader when Vladimir Lenin died
12 Meet the Major Leaders Josef Stalin Quotes: Death is the solution to all problems. No man - no problemIdeas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas.If any foreign minister begins to defend to the death a "peace conference," you can be sure his government has already placed its orders for new battleships and airplanes.It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everythingWhen we hang the capitalists they will sell us the rope we use.
13 Meet the Major LeadersNeville Chamberlain – England until May 1940 when Hitler took over NorwayObviously Appeasement did not contain HitlerWinston Churchill – England when Chamberlain resignedWas apposed to Appeasement – this is why the British troops finally attacked
14 Meet the Major Leaders Neville Chamberlain Winston Churchill “However much we may sympathize with a small nation confronted by a big and powerful neighbors, we cannot in all circumstances undertake to involve the whole British Empire in a war simply on her account”In war, whichever side may call itself the victor, there are no winners, but all are losersWinston ChurchillA lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on.Although personally I am quite content with existing explosives, I feel we must not stand in the path of improvement.In war as in life, it is often necessary when some cherished scheme has failed, to take up the best alternative open, and if so, it is folly not to work for it with all your might.
15 C. Attack on France 1. May 1940 France Falls a Hitler’s Plan 1. Attack the countries North and East of FranceKeep allied troops occupiedSneak past the Allied defense camps by going through the forest and attack the Northern borderFrance Fallsa. Battle at Dunkirk1. France battled for 3 weeks and were cornered on the Coast2. British Troops rescued them by sea
16 C. Attack on France (cont’d) 2. France Falls (cont’d)b. Battle of Paris1. Once you take the capital you take the country2. Happened ten days after the battle at Dunkirk3. French surrender Eight days later
17 D. Attack on other Fronts 1. North Africaa. Hitler attacked here because of a deal with Mussolinib. Mussolini attacked Egyptc. British fight back1. Save their colonies2. Fought against Germany going back and fortha. British finally won after a Two year fight
18 D. Attack on the other Fronts (cont’d) 2. Eastern Fronta. Operation Barbarossa – June 19411. Hitler’s plan to invade the Soviet Union2. Stepsa. First take over the Balkans areab. Attack after helping the Soviet’s win battlesC. attack Industrial Center
19 D. Attack on the other Fronts (cont’d) 2. Eastern Front (cont’d)b. Fight against the Soviet Union1. September 1941a. Planned to take the Major Industrial city1. Leningrad2. Surrounded the city to starve the people3. City held for the winter, refusing to fall4. To Moscow hoping it would fall easier
20 E. Pearl Harbor 1. Day that will live in Infamy 2. Declaration of War a. December 7th, 1941b. Japanese Kamikaze attack on Pearl Harbor1. 19 ships, 8 battleships and 2300 people were killed2. Declaration of Wara. Declared war on Japanb. First fight of the war was in Europe1. Atlantic Chartera. U.S. and Britain’s treaty stating their alliance and the U.S. promised to help the allies first if they were to begin a war.
21 F. Allies begin Winning 1. North Africa 2. Battle for Stalingrad a. Operation Torch1. March on Morocco and Algeria2. Lead by Dwight D. Eisenhower2. Battle for Stalingrada. Second Battle began in August 1942b. City was able to hold on until late august 421. Hitler did not plan to fight during the winter2. Troops were not supplied and lost bcuz of this
22 F. Allies begin Winning (cont’d) 3. Invasion of Italya. July 19431. First capture of the city of Sicilyb. People of Italy1.Already growing tired of Mussolini’s rule2. Troops abandoned their Italian positions and fought on the side of the Allies3. Removed Mussolini
23 F. Allies begin Winning (cont’d) Invasion of Italy (cont’d)c. Surrender of Italy – Sike1. September 1943 Italy officially surrendereda. Germany came to help their ‘friends’b. Put Mussolini back in charge2. Italy began a ‘civil’ wara. Resistance began to fight with the Allied troops
24 F. Allies begin Winning (cont’d) 4. D-Day Invasion – June 6th, 1944a. Win back France1. Normandy Beachesa. Allies attacked FIVE different beaches2. Strategya. Attack Early1. German’s would not be able to react quickly enough2. Hitler would still be sleepingb. Knew that Hitler did not allow Generals to make on site decisions1. German soldiers could not retreat to their next base to get more troops and supplies
25 G. Battle of the Bulge Fought over the winter months of 1944 – 1945 Began as Hitler’s Ardennes OffensiveHitler wanted to split the Allied Armies hoping this would weaken themGerman success only lasted two daysLack of fuel caused their loss
26 H. Death of Adolf Hitler Hitler Soviet Troops we closing in on Berlin They outnumbered the German troops 15 to 1Hitler hid under the Reich Chancellery building in a bunkerOn April 28th Hitler married Eva BraunTwo days later Hitler and his wife killed themselves and their bodies were “burned”
27 Official End of the WarMay 7, 1945 General Eisenhower accepts the unconditional surrender of the Third ReichMay 9th, Allies celebrate V-E Day for the Victor in Europe
28 Destruction of War Cities were reduced to ruble Many civilians died of starvation in the wake of the warMany people displaced
29 The War in the Pacific Led by General Douglas MacArthur Used Island Hopping StrategySeize islands only vital to victory rather than every island in PacificSpearheaded by U.S. Marine amphibious assaults
30 Battle Of Guadalcanal U.S want to seize island for airbase Japanese loose 24,000 out of 36,000 soldiersFierce battles lead to nickname “Island of Death”
31 Battle of Iwo JimaOnly U.S Marine battle with casualties exceeding the enemyOne of Hardest fought battles of World War 2
32 Atomic Bomb Called the Manhattan Project Led by Albert Einstein Dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945Dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945Japan Surrendered on September 2
33 Japan SurrendersAfter the dropping of Atomic Bomb, Japan is forced into submissionAtomic Bomb is dropped on August 6th and August 9thJapan finally surrenders to General Douglas MacArthur on September 2 at the will of Emperor HirohitoCeremony took place on US battleship Missouri
34 Nuremberg Trials22 Nazi leaders were charged with waging a war of aggressionThey were accused of committing crimes of humanityMany received death sentenceHans Frank was only Nazi to express remorse for Dachau
36 Capitalism vs. Communism U.S and Soviet Union emerge from war as superpowers and competitionU.S introduces Marshall plan which is aid to help rebuild all of EuropeUsed as a way to push Europe toward democracySoviet Union promised change with communism and many in Europe were willing to listen
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