Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

G Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC)-990712/1–10/12/2014 Historical Commercial Aviation Profitability Airline Profit.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "G Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC)-990712/1–10/12/2014 Historical Commercial Aviation Profitability Airline Profit."— Presentation transcript:

1 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /1–10/12/2014 Historical Commercial Aviation Profitability Airline Profit Margins under Continual Pressure Global Deregulation Increases Cost Competition Increased Environmental Pressures Add Further Restrictions Reported Yields Source: 1997 Boeing Market Outlook Yield Year ~35%

2 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /2–10/12/2014 Low Cost of Ownership Goal Airline Profits Fall Below Level Needed to Finance Replacement Engine Ownership Cost Reduction Can Maintain Business Vitality % Profit Potential Profit with 50% Lower Engine Cost of Ownership Required Profit to Adequately Finance New Equipment (Source: The Economist) Actual Profit (Source: Walsh Aviation ) 98 Year

3 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /3–10/12/ NM Mission - 50 Cents / Gallon Fuel Engine Cost of Ownership Model Goal: 50% Reduction in Engine Cost of Ownership Engine Controlled Costs Fuel Cost Influenced by Drag SFC and Weight Depreciation 28.5% Manta. 18.3% Fuel 28.7% Interest 24.5% Influenced by Manufacture and Assembly Costs Assumed Proportional to Cost Aircraft System Airframe Depreciation 23.3% Airframe Interest 19.9% Flight Crew 11.8% Cabin Crew 6.2% AF Maint. 5.2% Insurance 2.2% Land Fee 2.9% Engine Depreciation 6.4% Engine Interest 5.5% Engine Maint. 4.1% Fuel 12.9% 22.4%

4 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /4–10/12/2014 Component Weight and Cost Summary 5 out of 10 Major Components Contribute 70% to 75% of Engine Weight and Cost Focus Design on: Two-Frame Architecture High Speed Low P/P Fan High P/P per Stage HPC Single-Stage HP Turbine High Loading LP Turbine % Weight% Cost Fan Assembly15.6*14.6* Booster High Pressure Compressor12.5*11.8* Combustor High Pressure Turbine * Low Pressure Turbine20.4*16.7* Frames16.3*15.0* Controls and Accessories11.4*8.7 Bearings and Seals Miscellaneous and Assembly Total * Major Contributors

5 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /5–10/12/2014 Goals and Payoffs - Propulsion System *Relative to 1999 State-of-the-Art Operational Aircraft **Relative to ICAO Requirements ***Relative to FAA Stage 3 Limits Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduced Cost of Travel Reduced Dependence on Fossil Fuels Conservation of Nonrenewable Energy Improved Air Quality around Airports Reduced Depletion of Ozone Layer Reduced Cost of Travel Improved Safety and Reliability Improved Airline Customer Solvency Improved Airport Throughput Reduced Greenhouse Gases Quieter Neighborhoods around Airports/ Increased Traffic Throughput Improved Air Safety Ease of Travel and Improved Airport Throughput Increased Range / Payload or Reduced Fuel Burn 10% Reduction in Fuel Burn * ~50% Reduction in NO x, CO, and HC ** 50% Reduction in Ownership Costs * 10% Reduction in CO 2 Emissions * 30 dB Reduction in Noise *** 50% Reduction in In-Flight Shutdowns and Engine-related Delays and Cancellations * 2X Increase in Thrust / Weight * GOALSPAYOFFS

6 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /6–10/12/2014 High Flow, High Efficiency, Lightweight Fan Fan / Booster / Structures Swept Wide Chord Fan Blade for High Specific Flow Low Radius Ratio Aluminum Frame with Integrated OGV ’s Aluminum Fan Case Blade-Out Load-Reduction Device > 1% Fuel Burn > 150-pounds Weight Savings

7 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /7–10/12/2014 Advanced Liner Design Tailored OGV / Strut Design Advanced 3D Inlet Shape Chevron Nozzle Design Noise Reduction Technology Development Plan

8 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /8–10/12/ dB 85 dB 75 dB 70 dB 65 dB 80 dB 85 dB 75 dB 70 dB 65 dB Classic Inlet (-5° Droop) Advanced 3D Inlet (Scarfed) 50 dB Shaped Inlet - Predicted Noise Benefits on Fan Tone Radiation 1-2 EPNL Benefit at Approach

9 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /9–10/12/2014 Demonstrated 3.5 dB Jet Noise Reduction Acoustic Energy Reduced Greater than 50% Baseline Nozzle Discharge Velocity Profiles Jet Noise Reduction - Chevron Nozzle Chevron Nozzle

10 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /10–10/12/2014 Fan and Nacelle Noise Reduction Technologies Aeroacoustic Computerized Models Scale Model Fan Test Vehicle Scale Model Testing Validates Analysis Prior to Full Engine Test

11 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /11–10/12/2014 Low Stage Number Compressor Reduce Stages from 10 to 6 -New Blade Design Lower Weight Improved Maintenance Capability

12 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /12–10/12/2014 3D Analysis ACTS Rig Twin-Annular, Pre-Swirl (TAPS) Combustor Emission on Target to Meet Zurich Category 5 Advanced Diagnostics at CR&D

13 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /13–10/12/2014 Turbine Aerodynamics HPT Stage 1 Vane Conventional 3D Aero 3D Aerodynamic HPT Vane Convergent-Divergent HPT Blade Improved Performance -0.5% Fuel Burn -6°-10°C Benefit in EGT Margin

14 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /14–10/12/2014 Turbine Materials Higher Temperature Blade Material Improved Coatings Improved Disk Material Developing Better Materials for 4-to-1 Hot Section Life Increase

15 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /15–10/12/2014 Cycle and Configuration Comparisons with Current Engine Equal Thrust Size Comparison Bottom View: 1999 Baseline - BPR = 8, PR Overall = 40 Class Top View: 21st Century Configuration - BPR = 10, PR Overall = 60 Class

16 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /16–10/12/ Baseline Thermal and Propulsive Efficiency 4.5% Thrust/Weight Ratio * 5.5% * Based on “Fixed” Boeing 3000 Nm Range Total Fuel Burn Benefit 10% Bypass Ratio, T41 and Advanced Seals Cycle Pressure Ratio and Component Efficiencies Lightweight Structures Turbomachinery Cycle Effects Advanced Materials Design Tools “Rubber” Aircraft Benefit ** ** Based on “Rubber” Boeing 3000 Nm Range 2010 EIS Demonstrator Goal Fuel Burn Benefits Stackup

17 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /17–10/12/2014 A 10-year View of Technology Robust Safe Design % Parts Count CFM56E 5 -30% Goal Fuel Burn / CO 2 Reduction Net Thrust 1999 Standard Advanced Commercial Engine 10% SFC Normalized Combustor Cost TAPS DAC Total Normalized Emissions (% of 1996 ICAO Standard) TAPS Short SAC % Goal Emissions (NO x ) Scaled CF6 Maintenance Cost % Maint. Cost / EFH 100% CFM56E5E5 -30% Goal -50 Cost of Ownership Goal Cost of Ownership, % SFC Manufacturing Cost, Depreciation, and Interest Maintenance Cost Weight Reliability Noise dB Cumulative Relative to Far 36-III Goal

18 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /18–10/12/2014 Summary GEAE Remains the Industry Leader in Aircraft Engine Technology Programs and Plans are in Place to Assure this Status is Maintained in the Future Strong Consideration is Given to Achieve Improved Noise and Emission Signatures in a Manner Beneficial to the Airlines and the Community

19 g Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC) /19–10/12/2014 Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium Dave Fancher August 12, 1999 Dave Fancher August 12, 1999


Download ppt "G Defining Technologies for the Next Millennium GE Aircraft Engines AT(PC)-990712/1–10/12/2014 Historical Commercial Aviation Profitability Airline Profit."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google