LARGE INTESTINE Appendix: Worm like structure, no function. Inflammation???
COLON (4) Ascending = goes up Transverse = across Descending = goes down Sigmoid = bending part
LARGE INTESTINE Rectum: Collects feces and expels Very Muscular
LARGE INTESTINE Defecation: Expelling of waste, some conscious control
LARGE INTESTINE ANUS: External opening Two anal sphincter 1. Interior = involuntary 2. Exterior = voluntary
DISORDERS Diarrhea: NOT enough water absorbed by the colon.
As part of the digestion process, or due to fluid intake, food is mixed with large amounts of water. Thus, digested food is essentially liquid prior to reaching the colon. The colon absorbs water, leaving the remaining material as a semisolid stool. If the colon is damaged or inflamed, however, absorption is inhibited, and watery stools result.
DISORDERS Constipation: TOO much water absorbed by the large intestine. Make sure you drink plenty of water and eat more fiber
DISORDERS Hemorrhoids: Large veins inflamed in rectum and anus