LARGE INTESTINE COLOR CODE THE LARGE INTESTINE C, B, D, F, H, I, J, and K
LARGE INTESTINE Functions: Only about 5-6 feet Main function to absorb water LOTS of bacteria
LARGE INTESTINE Cecum: Receive digestive liquid from S.I. Compaction begins
LARGE INTESTINE Ileocecal Valve: One way valve between cecum and ileum.
LARGE INTESTINE Appendix: Worm like structure, no function. Inflammation???
COLON (4) Ascending = goes up Transverse = across Descending = goes down Sigmoid = bending part
LARGE INTESTINE Rectum: Collects feces and expels Very Muscular
LARGE INTESTINE Defecation: Expelling of waste, some conscious control
LARGE INTESTINE ANUS: External opening Two anal sphincter 1. Interior = involuntary 2. Exterior = voluntary
DISORDERS Diarrhea: NOT enough water absorbed by the colon.
As part of the digestion process, or due to fluid intake, food is mixed with large amounts of water. Thus, digested food is essentially liquid prior to reaching the colon. The colon absorbs water, leaving the remaining material as a semisolid stool. If the colon is damaged or inflamed, however, absorption is inhibited, and watery stools result.
DISORDERS Constipation: TOO much water absorbed by the large intestine. Make sure you drink plenty of water and eat more fiber
DISORDERS Hemorrhoids: Large veins inflamed in rectum and anus
DISORDERS Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, HAVE to be removed.
DISORDERS Colostomy: Remove parts of the colon.
DISORDERS Colon Cancer: 2 nd Leading cause of cancer death in men and women.
The cells divided when they were not needed and formed an extra mass of tissue-cancer
DISORDERS Colonopticosis: Colon = L.I. Optic = eye, see Osis = state condition