Presentation on theme: "World War II and After The United States Steps Up to the Plate."— Presentation transcript:
World War II and After The United States Steps Up to the Plate
HitlerStalin Mussolini Dictators
War Begins 1931 – Japan Invades China (Manchuria) 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia 1939 – Germany invades Poland –Blitzkrieg – lightning war
America Stays Out Neutrality Acts Isolationism Stays out of war for almost 2 years
Sides Form Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan Allied Forces – Britain, France, eventually US and The Good Guys
Allied Forces United States Great Britain France Poland Australia New Zealand India Newfoundland South Africa Canada Norway Denmark Belgium Luxembourg Czechoslovakia Brazil Ethiopia Iraq Bolivia Columbia Liberia Peru Lebanon Saudi Arabia Argentina Chile Greece Yugoslavia Soviet Union*** Mongolia Panama Samoa Guam Puerto Rico Dominican Republic El Salvador Haiti Honduras Nicaragua China Mexico Guatemala Cuba Italy*** Romania Bulgaria San Marino Albania Ecuador Paraguay Uruguay Venezuela Turkey
US Breaks Neutrality Lend-Lease Act – would supply arms and other supplies to the Allies FDR wins 3 rd Term as President… –Why is this significant?
US Attacked Peace Talks with Japan Fail –Oil shipments stopped Bombing at Pearl Harbor – Dec 7, 1941 –21 Ships and 300 airplanes lost USS Arizona 2,400 Killed
America at War After Pearl Harbor we declare war on Japan then all the Axis Powers –Went to war in Europe first because we felt it was a bigger threat
United War Efforts 5 million signed up for Military –Another 5 million drafted –Large numbers of African, Mexican, Native and Asian-American –15 million in the end Mobilization – preparations for war Industrial Help – converted factories produce war materials –Women go to work in the factories Rosie the Riveter
…United War Efforts Rationing – people only being able to buy a limited amount of an item. –What type of items do you think would have been rationed?
Sad Truth Japanese Internment Camps –Over 100,000 Japanese –3 years –Fear of an internal attack
War in Africa and Italy Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower Allies Defeat Germany/Italy in North Africa –What challenges could there be fighting in the desert? Allies Crossed over to Italy –Italy defeated, Germany continued to fight
D-Day Operation Overlord French coast of Normandy Over 1 million Allied troops After storming the beach, Allies pushed forward and liberated Paris –Aug. 15, 1944
Propaganda Propaganda – the spreading of information, ideas, or rumors to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
Final Stages Battle of the Bulge – last German offensive move –Germany/France Border –Allies win
German Surrender Hitler commits suicide FDR dies, Harry Truman take over May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders –V-E Day (Victory in Europe)
War in the Pacific Island Hopping – Attacking and capturing key islands Midway: Philippines – Bataan Death March: –Douglas MacArthur Iwo Jima: Okinawa: Japanese fought until the death, they fought for honor…Dangerous
Atomic Bomb Manhattan Project – a top secret program to develop extremely powerful weapons Albert Einstein What do we do: Invade Japan or Drop Bomb??? Hiroshima – Little Boy – 70,000+ dead Nagasaki – Fat Man – 50,000+ dead In the end over 200,000 would die of effects
Point Counterpoint See Page 791 PointCounterpoint Your Opinion…
Debate Should we have used the Atomic Bomb? –Why or Why Not –Explain your answer in detail
War Comes to a Close September 2, 1945 – Japan Surrenders –V-J Day
STATISTICS Total Dead – 50 to 80 Million –More civilians died than military personnel –400,000 Americans –24 million Soviets Holocaust – 11 million dead –6 million Jews
Post War Yalta and Potsdam Conferences –Reshape the post war world Divide Germany – 4 Sections United Nations (UN) – an organization of united countries that promotes world peace
Iron Curtain Iron curtain – imaginary line that divided Europe. –East – Communist –West – Free Power Struggle – Soviets blockade of allied Berlin –Berlin Airlift – 327 days
American Response Containment– dont allow communism to spread Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan –Giving support and money to countries threatened by communism North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) –An attack on one is an attack on all Question: In your opinion should the US be protecting other nations both then and now? Explain, why or why not?