2 Rise of the Dictators Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union (Russia) Totalitarianism – government has total control over its people. (communism)Benito Mussolini – ItalyFascism – nationalism where the interests of the country are above the peopleAdolf Hitler – GermanyNazism – the German brand of FascismNational Socialist German Workers PartyMilitarism in Japan
4 Hitler’s Ideas Mein Kampf – Hitler’s book Racial Purification – “Aryan Race”Primarily blonde hair, blue eyesAll other races should serve the aryansAnti-Semitism – hatred of the JewsTook power, got rid of democracy“Third Reich”Preyed on the poor economy
6 War Begins 1931 – Japan Invades China (Manchuria) 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia1939 – Germany invades PolandBlitzkrieg – lightning warNonaggression Pact with SovietsTake over of Austria and Czechoslovakia
12 Battle of BritainSummer of 1940 – German Luftwaffe (air force) bombed Great Britain night after night for 2 monthsGoing after bases, factories and citiesWinston ChurchillInspired people to never give upRoyal Air Force fights of Germans, cities destroyed
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