Presentation on theme: "World War II Chapters 24 and 25. Rise of the Dictators Dictator – a leader who takes control by force Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union (Russia) –Totalitarianism."— Presentation transcript:
World War II Chapters 24 and 25
Rise of the Dictators Dictator – a leader who takes control by force Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union (Russia) –Totalitarianism – government has total control over its people. (communism) Benito Mussolini – Italy –Fascism – nationalism where the interests of the country are above the people Adolf Hitler – Germany –Nazism – the German brand of Fascism –National Socialist German Workers Party Militarism in Japan
HitlerStalin Mussolini Dictators
Hitlers Ideas Mein Kampf – Hitlers book Racial Purification – Aryan Race –Primarily blonde hair, blue eyes –All other races should serve the Aryans Anti-Semitism – hatred of the Jews Took power, got rid of democracy –Third Reich –Preyed on the poor economy
America Stays Out Neutrality Acts Isolationism
War Begins 1931 – Japan Invades China (Manchuria) 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia 1939 – Germany invades Poland –Blitzkrieg – lightning war –Nonaggression Pact with Soviets –Take over of Austria and Czechoslovakia
Fall of France Germany Invades Belgium to have a safe route to France Maginot Line – boarder between Ger. And Fr – France fell to the control of Germany –Many French soldiers escaped to Britain
Battle of Britain Summer of 1940 – German Luftwaffe (air force) bombed Great Britain night after night for 2 months –Going after bases, factories and cities Winston Churchill –Inspired people to never give up Royal Air Force fights of Germans, cities destroyed
Letter in Secret Write a letter to your best friend about what is going on around you during the Battle of Britain. Describe your fears, what you have seen, what you have heard. Talk about the government regulations on going out. Tell your friend all about your experience.
The Holocaust Holocaust – the enslavement and brutal killing of millions of Jews during WWII Genocide – the killing off of an entire race of people
Jewish Persecution Kristallnacht – The Night of Broken Glass –Jewish businesses, home and synagogues were looted, windows smashed, some burned Jewish Identification – Star of David Ghettos – overcrowded slums where Jews were forced to live
Transportation to Camps Taken from homes Many killed on the spot, the rest crammed into train cars for days –No Room, No Food, No Bathroom, Little Air –Many died Describe the discomfort…
Concentration Camps Sorted upon arrival –Work or Death Cleansing Process – describe… Little food, poor living quarters, hard labor, harsh treatment –Many died
Death Camps Mass Murders –Ovens –Gas Chambers –Firing Squad –Mass Graves Purpose – to kill as many people as possible
Sides Form Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan Allied Forces – Britain, France, eventually US and The Good Guys
Allied Forces United States Great Britain France Poland Australia New Zealand India Newfoundland South Africa Canada Norway Denmark Belgium Luxembourg Czechoslovakia Brazil Ethiopia Iraq Bolivia Columbia Liberia Peru Lebanon Saudi Arabia Argentina Chile Greece Yugoslavia Soviet Union*** Mongolia Panama Samoa Guam Puerto Rico Dominican Republic El Salvador Haiti Honduras Nicaragua China Mexico Guatemala Cuba Italy*** Romania Bulgaria San Marino Albania Ecuador Paraguay Uruguay Venezuela Turkey
US Breaks Neutrality Lend-Lease Act – would supply arms and other supplies to the Allies FDR wins 3 rd Term as President… –Why is this significant?
Germany Breaks Agreement Hitler attacks Soviet Union breaking the Non-Aggression Pact 2 Fronts –Eastern Front – Soviet Union –Western Front - France
US Attacked Peace Talks Fail –Oil shipments stopped Bombing at Pearl Harbor – Dec 7, 1941 –Kamikazes – Japanese suicide pilot –21 Ships and 300 airplanes lost USS Arizona 2,400 Killed
America at War After Pearl Harbor we declare war on Japan then all the Axis Powers –Went to war in Europe first because we felt it was a bigger threat
United War Efforts 5 million signed up for Military –Another 5 million drafted –Large numbers of African, Mexican, Native and Asian-American –15 million in the end Mobilization – preparations for war Industrial Help – converted factories produce war materials –Women go to work in the factories Rosie the Riviter
…United War Efforts Rationing – people only being able to buy a limited amount of an item. –What type of items do you think would have been rationed?
Sad Truth Japanese Internment Camps –Over 100,000 Japanese –3 years –Fear of an internal attack ***RAP VIDEO Opinion – is this hypocritical?
War in Africa and Italy Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower Allies Defeat Germany/Italy in North Africa –What challenges chould there be fighting in the desert? Allies Crossed over to Italy – Sicily then the mainland –Even though Italy was defeated Germany continued to fight until the end of the war
Eastern Front Leningrad – 900 day seige – military blockade Moscow – capital Stalingrad – oil Germany killed many Soviets but in the end would never gain control –COLD!!!!!
D-Day Operation Overlord French coast of Normandy Over 1 million Allied troops After storming the beach, Allies pushed forward and liberated Paris –Aug. 15, 1944
Final Stages After liberating France the war returns to the Maginot Line Battle of the Bulge – last German offensive move –Allies win
German Surrender Hitler commits suicide FDR dies, Harry Truman take over as president May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders –V-E Day (Victory in Europe)
War in the Pacific Island Hopping – Attacking and capturing key islands Midway: Philippines – Bataan Death March: –Douglas MacArthur Iwo Jima: Okinawa: Japanese fought until the death, they fought for honor…Dangerous
Atomic Bomb Manhattan Project – a top secret program to develop extremely powerful weapons Albert Einstein What do we do: Invade Japan or Drop Bomb??? Hiroshima – Little Boy – 70,000+ dead Nagasaki – Fat Man – 50,000+ dead In the end over 200,000 would die of effects
Debate Should we have used the Atomic Bomb? –Why or Why Not –Explain your answer in detail
War Comes to a Close September 2, 1945 – Japan Surrenders –V-J Day
STATISTICS Total Dead – 50 to 80 Million –More civilians died than military personnel –400,000 Americans –24 million Soviets Holocaust – 11 million dead –6 million Jews