2 Rise of the Dictators Dictator – a leader who takes control by force Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union (Russia)Totalitarianism – government has total control over its people. (communism)Benito Mussolini – ItalyFascism – nationalism where the interests of the country are above the peopleAdolf Hitler – GermanyNazism – the German brand of FascismNational Socialist German Workers PartyMilitarism in Japan
4 Hitler’s Ideas Mein Kampf – Hitler’s book Racial Purification – “Aryan Race”Primarily blonde hair, blue eyesAll other races should serve the AryansAnti-Semitism – hatred of the JewsTook power, got rid of democracy“Third Reich”Preyed on the poor economy
6 War Begins 1931 – Japan Invades China (Manchuria) 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia1939 – Germany invades PolandBlitzkrieg – lightning warNonaggression Pact with SovietsTake over of Austria and Czechoslovakia
12 Battle of BritainSummer of 1940 – German Luftwaffe (air force) bombed Great Britain night after night for 2 monthsGoing after bases, factories and citiesWinston ChurchillInspired people to never give upRoyal Air Force fights of Germans, cities destroyed
17 Letter in SecretWrite a letter to your best friend about what is going on around you during the Battle of Britain. Describe your fears, what you have seen, what you have heard. Talk about the government regulations on going out. Tell your friend all about your experience.
18 The HolocaustHolocaust – the enslavement and brutal killing of millions of Jews during WWIIGenocide – the killing off of an entire race of people
19 Jewish Persecution Kristallnacht – “The Night of Broken Glass” Jewish businesses, home and synagogues were looted, windows smashed, some burnedJewish Identification – Star of DavidGhettos – overcrowded slums where Jews were forced to live
49 Sides Form Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan Allied Forces – Britain, France, eventually US and “The Good Guys”
50 Allied Forces Over 40 million troops Over 50 countries Greece YugoslaviaSoviet Union***MongoliaPanamaSamoaGuamPuerto RicoDominican RepublicEl SalvadorHaitiHondurasNicaraguaChinaMexicoGuatemalaCubaItaly***RomaniaBulgariaSan MarinoAlbaniaEcuadorParaguayUruguayVenezuelaTurkeyUnited StatesGreat BritainFrancePolandAustraliaNew ZealandIndiaNewfoundlandSouth AfricaCanadaNorwayDenmarkBelgiumLuxembourgCzechoslovakiaBrazilEthiopiaIraqBoliviaColumbiaLiberiaPeruLebanonSaudi ArabiaArgentinaChileAllied ForcesOver 40 million troopsOver 50 countries
51 US Breaks NeutralityLend-Lease Act – would supply arms and other supplies to the AlliesFDR wins 3rd Term as President…Why is this significant?
52 Germany Breaks Agreement Hitler attacks Soviet Union breaking the Non-Aggression Pact2 FrontsEastern Front – Soviet UnionWestern Front - France
53 US Attacked Peace Talks Fail Bombing at Pearl Harbor – Dec 7, 1941 Oil shipments stoppedBombing at Pearl Harbor – Dec 7, 1941Kamikazes – Japanese suicide pilot21 Ships and 300 airplanes lostUSS Arizona2,400 Killed
58 America at WarAfter Pearl Harbor we declare war on Japan then all the Axis PowersWent to war in Europe first because we felt it was a bigger threat
59 United War Efforts 5 million signed up for Military Another 5 million draftedLarge numbers of African, Mexican, Native and Asian-American15 million in the endMobilization – preparations for warIndustrial Help – converted factories produce war materialsWomen go to work in the factories“Rosie the Riviter”
69 War in Africa and Italy Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower Allies Defeat Germany/Italy in North AfricaWhat challenges chould there be fighting in the desert?Allies Crossed over to Italy – Sicily then the mainlandEven though Italy was defeated Germany continued to fight until the end of the war
85 Final StagesAfter liberating France the war returns to the Maginot LineBattle of the Bulge – last German offensive moveAllies win
86 German Surrender Hitler commits suicide FDR dies, Harry Truman take over as presidentMay 8, 1945 – Germany surrendersV-E Day (Victory in Europe)
87 War in the PacificIsland Hopping – Attacking and capturing key islandsMidway:Philippines – Bataan Death March:Douglas MacArthurIwo Jima:Okinawa:Japanese fought until the death, they fought for honor…Dangerous
88 Atomic BombManhattan Project – a top secret program to develop “extremely powerful weapons”Albert EinsteinWhat do we do: Invade Japan or Drop Bomb???Hiroshima – Little Boy – 70,000+ deadNagasaki – Fat Man – 50,000+ deadIn the end over 200,000 would die of effects
89 Debate Should we have used the Atomic Bomb? Why or Why Not Explain your answer in detail
90 War Comes to a CloseSeptember 2, 1945 – Japan SurrendersV-J Day
91 STATISTICS Total Dead – 50 to 80 Million Holocaust – 11 million dead More civilians died than military personnel400,000 Americans24 million SovietsHolocaust – 11 million dead6 million Jews
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