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2010 06 17 UK Social Value1 Huang Haoming China Association for NGO Cooperation (CANGO) The Social Value of Civil Society in China.

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Presentation on theme: "2010 06 17 UK Social Value1 Huang Haoming China Association for NGO Cooperation (CANGO) The Social Value of Civil Society in China."— Presentation transcript:

1 2010 06 17 UK Social Value1 Huang Haoming China Association for NGO Cooperation (CANGO) The Social Value of Civil Society in China

2 2010 06 17 UK Social Value2 The Social Value for this Green Communting Campaign Campaign People’s Health Social policy Changing To Change Peoples’ Behavior Public Benefit Self- interesting Health

3 2010 06 17 UK Social Value3 Clean Air for Life Clean air is a vital element of a health life. Each day, an average adult breathes approximately 20,000 times and 15-20 cubic meters of air. Clean air is a vital element of a health life. Each day, an average adult breathes approximately 20,000 times and 15-20 cubic meters of air. Air pollution from both mobile and stationary sources has significantly undermined urban citizens’ desire to enjoy clean air. Air pollution from both mobile and stationary sources has significantly undermined urban citizens’ desire to enjoy clean air. Oct.12,2004,Beijing

4 2010 06 17 UK Social Value4 The comparison of pollution level of PM10 between Beijing and the cities in developed countries

5 2010 06 17 UK Social Value5 Vehicle increase in Beijing since 1980 (年)(年) million 0.1 - 1 million, 16years ; 2 - 3 million, 4 years 1 - 2 million, 6 years; 3—4 million, 2.5 years

6 2010 06 17 UK Social Value6 Tail gas Gasoline vapor Crankcase vapor Primary pollutants : CO , VOC , Pb, NO, SO 2, CO 2, PM, etc. Secondary pollutants : O 3 , NO 2 , PM , SO 4 2- etc. Pollutants from vehicle

7 2010 06 17 UK Social Value7 Breathing system 大气颗粒物 对人体健康的影响 circulatory system Effects of PM on human health

8 2010 06 17 UK Social Value8 2005 - 2006 Research, the effects of PM from traffic on human health : monitoring the air quality and counting vehicle flow near road

9 2010 06 17 UK Social Value9

10 10 Launching Ceremony of Green Commuting Campaign , June 1 , 2006 2006 年 6 月 1 日,绿色出行启动仪式

11 2010 06 17 UK Social Value11 The Green Commuting Network Founded 2007-06-01

12 2010 06 17 UK Social Value12 Nanjing ’ s Activities

13 2010 06 17 UK Social Value13 Xiamen ’ s activities

14 2010 06 17 UK Social Value14 Contributing to greening Beijing Olympic Games Offset the carbon emission of Olympic Games.  Green Olympics and Green Commuting

15 2010 06 17 UK Social Value15 Business voluntary Action Emissions Reduction Credits Online Calculator Green Olympics and, Enjoy low-carbon life- style Citizen voluntary Action

16 2010 06 17 UK Social Value16 2008.03.07 , visit of Journalists organized by BOCOG 2008.07.26 , Press Conference by BOCOG

17 2010 06 17 UK Social Value17 Launch on April 3 rd, 2008

18 2010 06 17 UK Social Value18 Online carbon calculator

19 2010 06 17 UK Social Value19 Comparison between two Different Periods

20 2010 06 17 UK Social Value20 Total participants: 35 companies and 81410 employees The length of the campaign: 45 days Total Carbon reduction: 11020 tons of CO2 (compared with status quo) 31840 tons of CO2 (compared with individual car driving) 11020 Ton 31840 Ton 8000 Ton carbon, Tianpin Company voluntarily buy with 280,000 RMB Yuan Carbon Emission Reduction

21 2010 06 17 UK Social Value21 Residential place distribution

22 2010 06 17 UK Social Value22 Working place distribution

23 2010 06 17 UK Social Value23 Public policy changing about the city administration Parking fee: (new policy) if near subway station, your payment is only 2 RMB Yuan for one day If near downtown for 13 areas, your payment is 10 RMB Yuan for first one hour, and second hours for 15 RMB Yuan for one hour Parking fee:( before policy) 2 RMB Yuan for one hour (10times difference) 5 RMB Yuan for one hour (if you spend 3 hours for parking in downtown, you need increase payment 25 RMB Yuan, 2.67 times difference

24 2010 06 17 UK Social Value24 Working time system changing both governmental org and social orgs Enterprises and social org. Fixed working time system (9-6) Changing flexibility working time system to avoid the rush hours it depend on the distance and transportation way (more choice: 8-4.7- 3) Beijing Government orgs. Fixed working time system (8-5) Changing working time system to delay one hours to avoid the rush hours ( 9-6)

25 2010 06 17 UK Social Value25 Public policy changing To reduce the car on the street The every car shall be stop one time for one week to unable to drive from 7-20 within five ring areas in Beijing for working time To increase the public investment for subway and bus system To use low price for subway and bus Subway for 2 RBM Yuan with no limitation for your distance Bus cost for 40 cent with no limitation for your distance To concern the low income group for social equity

26 2010 06 17 UK Social Value26 The Civil Society Index in China CSI was implemented in China by NGO Research Centre at Tsinghua University from late 2003 to late 2005. Guided by a National Advisory group (NAG), the project collected a variety of data, including Regional Stakeholder Consultations covering 6 provinces and 11 cities, Community Surveys conducted in 6 provinces, media review with 5 different media, and the Secondary Data Review, etc. Based on the available data, the NAG met to score the 72 indicators that assess the status of civil society in four dimensions, namely the structure, environment, values and impact. The results for these four dimensions can be depicted in the form of a Diamond

27 2010 06 17 UK Social Value27 Civil Society Diamond for China

28 2010 06 17 UK Social Value28 Chinese civil society scores best on its Values dimension which indicates that many CSOs are driven by positive values, such as organisational membership and gender equitable practices. Negative values, such as violence, intolerance and gender discrimination are not very visible in China. CSOs play a strong role in promoting commitments to poverty eradication and environmental causes; however, they are much less prominent when it comes to sensitive areas, such as democracy and government transparency

29 2010 06 17 UK Social Value29 Values Dimension This section describes and analyses the values promoted and practiced by Chinese civil society. The value dimension scores highest with 1.8 out of 3, indicating a civil society which is somewhat active in practicing, but less active in promoting positive values. Only a few successful cases of civil society ’ s value promotion with little overall impact can be observed.

30 2010 06 17 UK Social Value30 shows scores for seven sub dimensions within the values dimension

31 2010 06 17 UK Social Value31 Analysis CCSS Chinese civil society scores rather high in its Values dimension. Civil society organisations, on average, show a significant commitment towards the respect of non-violence, gender, poverty alleviation and environmental protection (scores are 2). The scores for civil society ’ s promotion of democracy, transparency and tolerance are lower (1), while issues of violence, gender discrimination are not seen as important problems in China.

32 2010 06 17 UK Social Value32 the internal values of civil society The chart below looks at the internal values of civil society as assessed by stakeholders. It reveals that values (including democracy and financial transparency) are all rather well practiced inside CSOs and that behaviours violating these values are rare and are mostly denounced by the rest of civil society However, the proportion of those who are indifferent, choosing “ Don ’ t know ”, is high, suggesting that these values are not very prominent or even not accepted by Chinese CSOs

33 2010 06 17 UK Social Value33 Comparison among CSOs ’ promotion activities The two charts below show that, contrary to the active practice of these values internally, civil society ’ s promotion of these values in society at large is relatively poor As shown in the chart above, many of these values are not seen as very important for CSOs Therefore, CSOs do not currently focus on promoting these values, with the exception of poverty eradication and environmental protection, which are seen as important issues in China ’ s current situation

34 2010 06 17 UK Social Value34 Comparison among activity achievements Since civil society ’ s actions on these issues are few, civil society ’ s impact is seen as less than satisfactory Therefore, the proportion of negative assessments (limited and insignificant impact) is much higher than that of positive (medium and significant impact) Again, civil society ’ s role is recognised to some extent in promoting the values of poverty eradication and environmental protection

35 2010 06 17 UK Social Value35 Social value and CSOs in China It can be concluded that civil society ’ internal commitment to values may be high in China but expressive pro-active promotion of values falls short in comparison with other societies The value commitment of Chinese civil society is most pronounced in the field of poverty eradication and environmental protection Chinese CSOs also show some concern for minority groups and gender issues

36 2010 06 17 UK Social Value36 Social Value for CSOs Democracy Democratic practices within CSOs (1.0) CS actions to promote democracy (2.0) Indicators Score 1.5 Transparency Corruption within civil society (2.0) Financial transparency of CSOs (1.0) CS actions to promote transparency(1.0) Indicators Score 1.33

37 2010 06 17 UK Social Value37 Practice on CSOs in China Tolerance Tolerance within the CS arena (2) CS actions to promote tolerance (1) Indicators Score 1.5 Non-violence Non-violence within the CS arena (3) CS actions to promote non-violence and peace (2) Indicators Score 2.5

38 2010 06 17 UK Social Value38 Gender equity Gender equitable practices within CSOs (2) CS actions to promote gender equity (2) Indicators Score 2 Poverty eradication CS actions to eradicate poverty (2) Indicators Score 2 Environmental sustainability CS actions to sustain the environment (2) Indicators Score 2 Social Equity for CSOs

39 2010 06 17 UK Social Value39 Conclusion Self interest Connection among benefit for CSOs/NGOs, gov.and business sector Public interest Social values Social responsibility Action planning

40 2010 06 17 UK Social Value40 Thanks for Your Attention!


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