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Chapter 11b Ideal Gas Laws Chapter 11b Ideal Gas Laws.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11b Ideal Gas Laws Chapter 11b Ideal Gas Laws."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11b Ideal Gas Laws Chapter 11b Ideal Gas Laws

2 When pressure, volume, and temperature are known, the ideal gas law can be used to calculate molar amount

3 Calculate the approximate volume of a mol sample of gas at 15.0°C and a pressure of 1.10 atm V = nRT P 0.600mol * (15.0°C +273) = 12.9 L 1.10 atm

4 True or false True or false John Dalton developed the concept that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of their partial pressures? John Dalton developed the concept that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of their partial pressures? True

5 Who developed the Law that states that equal volumes of gas at the same pressure and temp. contain equal numbers of moles? Avogadro

6 If a gas with an odor is released in a room, it quickly can be detected across the room because it diffuses

7 True or false True or false The law of combining volumes applies only to gas volumes measured at constant temperature and pressure. The law of combining volumes applies only to gas volumes measured at constant temperature and pressure. True

8 The odor of perfume spreading throughout a room is an example of gas diffusion

9 A 1.00 L sample of a gas has a mass of 1.92 g at STP. What is the molar mass of the gas? molar mass = grams * RT PV 1.92g * * (273K) = 43.0g/mol 1.00 atm * 1.00 L

10 If two gases are both measured at 725 ˚C and 5.05 atm, what volume of N 2 (g) can be produced from the decomposition of 37.6 L of NH 3 (g)? 37.6 L Avogadros law: equal volumes of gas contain equal numbers of moles at the same pressure and temp.

11 Knowing the mass and volume of a gas at STP allows one to calculate the molar mass of the gas

12 The principle that under similar pressures and temperatures, equal volumes of gases contain the same number of molecules is attributed to Avogadro

13 Problem solving problem will come directly from the practice sheet If you know it you will do just fine!!!

14 The End!


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