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STARTER How and why did the USSR take over Eastern Europe from 1945 onwards? 1.Red Army 2.liberated 3.occupied 4.satellite states 5.sphere of influence.

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Presentation on theme: "STARTER How and why did the USSR take over Eastern Europe from 1945 onwards? 1.Red Army 2.liberated 3.occupied 4.satellite states 5.sphere of influence."— Presentation transcript:

1 STARTER How and why did the USSR take over Eastern Europe from 1945 onwards? 1.Red Army 2.liberated 3.occupied 4.satellite states 5.sphere of influence 6.buffer zone

2 USSR: take over eastern Europe USA: Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan USSR: Cominform and Comecon The USA becomes convinced that the USSR are trying to spread communism – first through eastern Europe, then to the west, then beyond! Truman ‘squares up’ to Stalin – the USA promises to use their money and armed forces to stop more countries ‘falling’ to communism. In return, Stalin tightens his grip on eastern Europe, setting up these two organisations to help the USSR control its satellite states. Increasing tension… The Big picture: results of Soviet expansion

3 Today ….. How did the USA react to Soviet expansion?.... How did the USA react to Soviet expansion?.... The Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan The Marshall Plan …..And how did the USSR react to the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan? …..And how did the USSR react to the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan? Cominform Cominform Comecon Comecon What were they? What were they? What caused them? What caused them? What were the consequences? What were the consequences?

4 The Soviet Union has shown that they will stop at nothing to turn the world communist. I’m tired of babying them….we must face them with an iron fist! The USA must be prepared to use its armed forces and its money to help countries who are threatened by communist takeover. We must contain communism! The Truman Doctrine (or ‘policy of containment’), 1947

5 You know, the communists have said they’ll give us spoons…. The USA believed that communism would get more support in countries which were poor after WW2. So, the USA offered them money to stop them from being poor and so stop them becoming communist. This was called the Marshall Plan. It was a financial way of containing communism (stopping communism from spreading). Impoverished Europe, 1945 The key idea…

6 STARTER What was the USA’s reaction to the Soviet takeover of Eastern Europe? 1. Can you explain what the Truman Doctrine 1947 was, and what it meant to do, using these pictures? 2 …and the same with the Marshall Plan 1947? Do these pictures tell the whole story about the USA’s motives behind the Marshall Plan?

7 How did Stalin/the USSR respond to the Truman Doctrine? 1.Cominform was set up by the USSR in 1947 (response to Truman Doctrine) It was an organisation to help the USSR to co-ordinate the communist parties throughout Europe. Cominform was used to make sure that the satellite states in Eastern Europe….. It was an organisation to help the USSR to co-ordinate the communist parties throughout Europe. Cominform was used to make sure that the satellite states in Eastern Europe….. Followed Soviet aims in foreign policy (relationships with other countries) Followed Soviet aims in foreign policy (relationships with other countries) Followed similar economic policies to the USSR (eg. state control of industry, no private businesses allowed etc.) Followed similar economic policies to the USSR (eg. state control of industry, no private businesses allowed etc.) So, Cominform was all about the USSR having total political control over Communist countries.

8 How did Stalin/the USSR respond to the Marshall Plan? 2. Comecon was set up by the USSR in 1949 (response to the Marshall Plan) It was supposed to be an organisation which would let the USSR give the satellite states financial support. It was supposed to be an organisation which would let the USSR give the satellite states financial support. In reality it was used by the USSR to…. In reality it was used by the USSR to…. Control the economies of the satellite states Control the economies of the satellite states Give the USSR access to all of their resources/raw materials Give the USSR access to all of their resources/raw materials Encourage economic specialisation within the satellite states – eg. some were to concentrate on heavy industry, others were to concentrate on food production. Encourage economic specialisation within the satellite states – eg. some were to concentrate on heavy industry, others were to concentrate on food production. So, Comecon was all about the USSR controlling the economies of the Communist countries, and making sure they benefited the economy of the USSR.

9 REVIEW If you had to choose one word to describe each bullet point below, what word would you choose? Truman Doctrine What was it? What was it? What did in involve? What did in involve? What were the results? What were the results? Marshall Plan What was it? What was it? What did in involve? What did in involve? What were the results? What were the results?


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