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Using the Pupil Premium to narrow the gap: policy and practice

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Presentation on theme: "Using the Pupil Premium to narrow the gap: policy and practice"— Presentation transcript:

1 Using the Pupil Premium to narrow the gap: policy and practice
Worcestershire Association of Secondary Heads’ Conference 8 April 2014 John Dunford National Pupil Premium Champion

2 Raising achievement and closing the gap
The priorities Raising achievement and closing the gap

3 Attainment PP pupils Other pupils Time

4 The ambition "Our data shows it doesn't matter if you go to a school in Britain, Finland or Japan, students from a privileged background tend to do well everywhere. Your effect as a teacher is a lot bigger for a student who doesn't have a privileged background than for a student who has lots of educational resources.“ Andreas Schleicher – OECD

5 Which strategies are helping most to raise attainment of PP-eligible students?

6 Pupil premium: the gap in 2013
The gap gets wider as pupils get older: 19% gap (60%: 79%) in level 4 at 11 27% gap (38%: 65%) in 5A-CsEM at 16 Big variations between schools and between LAs Level 4 gap: Newham 4%; Glos 19%; Worcs 23% GCSE gap: London under 20%; Glos 30%; Worcs 31% (0.3% increase in the gap since 2010) Attainment of PP pupils Level 4: Camden 79%; Glos 64%; Worcs 54% GCSE: Tower Hamlets 63%; Birmingham, Wolverhampton 49%; Worcs 38% (8.4% improvement since 2010) Lowest FSM attainment in schools with high or low FSM

7 Percentage of Key Stage 4 pupils eligible for free school meals attaining the GCSE benchmark
by secondary schools, in deciles from low to high proportions of pupils eligible for free school meals Data based on 2012 Key Stage 4 validated data. Figures represent all open secondary schools that have had a published section 5 inspection as at 31 December Schools with percentage figures exactly on the decile boundary have been included in the lower decile.

8 Focus for the pupil premium
Prioritise gaps: Deprivation – Looked-after children – Gender – Ethnic group PP is for disadvantaged pupils There are good and bad ways to close the gap, so focus on raising attainment of PP-eligible learners Ambition: In 15% of schools, FSM attainment is above the national average for ALL pupils Using curriculum to raise FSM attainment Use evidence of what works Focus relentlessly on the quality of teaching and learning


10 The evidence The government isn’t telling schools how to close the gap
It’s for schools to decide how to use PP

11 The evidence Seeking out excellent practice in other schools m Using the Education Endowment Foundation toolkit Using conclusions from Ofsted surveys schools-are-spending-funding-successfully-maximise- achievement access-and-achievement-20-years

12 Professional networks
Seeking out excellent practice in closing gap Looking out, not looking up Encouraging staff to build professional networks – policy isn’t just made in the head’s office Local, regional, national, international evidence Who can help you to build new networks? Start a pupil premium co-ordinators’ network locally? How good are the networks of key PP staff?

13 EEF Toolkit

14 Very high impact for low cost
Feedback Approach Average impact Cost Evidence estimate Summary Feedback 9 months ££ Very high impact for low cost Research suggests that providing effective feedback is challenging. To be effective, it should be: About challenging tasks or goals rather than easy ones. Given sparingly so that it is meaningful. About what is right more often than about what is wrong. Specific, accurate and clear, e.g. not just “correct” or “incorrect”. Provide examples of what is correct and not just tell students when they are wrong. Encouraging and supportive of further effort without threatening a learner’s self-esteem.

15 High impact for moderate cost
Small group tuition Approach Average impact Cost Evidence estimate Summary Small group tuition 4 months £££ High impact for moderate cost Intensive tuition in small groups is very effective, particularly when pupils are grouped according to current level of attainment or specific need. Have you considered how you will organise the groups? How will you assess pupils’ needs accurately and provide work at a challenging level with effective feedback and support? One to one tuition and small group tuition are effective interventions. However, the cost effectiveness of one-to-two and one-to-three indicates that greater use of these approaches would be productive in schools. Have you considered how you will provide training and support for those leading the small group tuition, and how you will evaluate the impact of it? These are likely to increase the effectiveness of small group tuition.

16 Moderate impact for high cost
Reducing class size Approach Average impact Cost Evidence estimate Summary Reducing class size 3 months £££££ Moderate impact for high cost Smaller classes will not make a difference to learning unless the teacher or pupils do something differently in the smaller class. It is likely that the more flexible choices the teacher has for organising learners combined with an increase in the quality or quantity of feedback pupils receive accounts for any gains. Small reductions (e.g. from 30 to 25 pupils) are unlikely to be cost-effective relative to other strategies. Deploying staff (including teaching assistants) so that teachers can work more intensively with smaller groups may be worth exploring. Reducing class sizes for younger children may provide longer term benefits.

17 Using teaching assistants effectively
The DISS project: Deployment and Impact of Support Staff Free download from cy/osi_teaching_assistants_report_web.pdf?region=uk

18 Evidence from Ofsted Reports on PP – Sept 2012 and Feb 2013
Successful approaches: Unsuccessful approaches Unseen children: access and achievement 20 years on

19 Evidence from Ofsted: successful approaches
PP funding ring-fenced to spend on target group Maintained high expectations of target group Thoroughly analysed which pupils were under-achieving + why Used evidence to allocate funding to big-impact strategies High quality teaching, not interventions to compensate for poor teaching Used achievement data to check interventions effective and made adjustments where necessary Highly trained support staff Senior leader with oversight of how PP funding is being spent Teachers know which pupils eligible for PP Able to demonstrate impact Involve governors

20 Evidence from Ofsted: less successful approaches
Lack of clarity about intended impact of PP spending Funding spent on teaching assistants, with little impact Poor monitoring of impact Poor performance management system for support staff No clear audit trail of where PP money was spent Focus on level 4 or grade C thresholds, so more able under-achieved PP spending not part of school development plan Used poor comparators for performance, thus lowering expectations Pastoral work not focused on desired outcomes for PP pupils Governors not involved in decisions about the PP spending

21 Choosing your school strategies: getting the balance right
Whole-school strategies Needs of individual pupils Long-term Short-term Teaching and learning strategies Improving numeracy and literacy Improving test and exam results Raising aspirations Pastoral support strategies Is the balance right in your school?

Whole school strategies might include… Quality teaching and learning, consistent across the school, supported by strong CPD culture, observation/moderation and coaching Engaging and relevant curriculum, personalised to pupil needs Pupil level tracking, assessment and monitoring Quality assessment Effective reward, behaviour and attendance policies Inclusive and positive school culture Effective senior leadership team, focused on PP agenda WHOLE SCHOOL STRATEGIES ...which benefit all pupils Targeted strategies for under-achieving pupils might include… Early intervention and targeted learning interventions One-to-one support and other ‘catch-up’ provision Rigorous monitoring and evaluation of impact of targeted interventions Extended services and multi-agency support Targeted parental engagements In-school dedicated pastoral and wellbeing support and outreach Developing confidence and self-esteem through pupil voice, empowering student mentors, sport, music, or other programmes such as SEAL STRATEGIES FOR UNDER-PERFORMING PUPILS …which benefit FSM and other under-achieving pupils TARGETED STRATEGIES FOR PUPILS ELIGIBLE FOR FSM …which specifically benefit FSM pupils Targeted strategies for FSM pupils might include… Incentives and targeting of extended services and parental support Subsidising school trips and other learning resources Additional residential and summer camps Interventions to manage key transitions between stages /schools Dedicated senior leadership champion Source: abridged from Rea and Hill , 2011, Does School-to-School Support close the gap? National College for School Leadership

23 Pupil premium: the funding
Additional per pupil funding for PP £488 per pupil £623 per pupil £900 per pupil (+ £53 for primary) £935 (secondary) £1300 (primary) £1900 (Looked after and adopted chn) Total PP funding £625 million £1.25 billion £1.875 billion £2.5 billion

24 Wider funding £50 million of PP funding to secondary schools for summer schools for year 7 incomers that need extra support Plus £500 per year 7 pupil who is below level 4 in reading and/or maths for literacy and numeracy catch-up PP funding not for existing provision In total this represents a big commitment by the government. Now schools have to deliver.

25 Increased accountability
Centralisation and decentralisation – the lesson from history Changes in Ofsted inspection framework Look for mentions of pupil premium Accountability for impact of the pupil premium Not Outstanding unless disadvantaged making at least good progress All schools judged on attainment level and gap and on progress Involvement of governing body Creating a good audit trail Building your own data sets Accountability direct to parents Are your PP students making at least good progress?

26 What inspectors are looking for
Before the inspection, RAISE Online is studied for evidence on gaps: How well did FSM pupils attain last year in comparison to other pupils in the school and nationally? How much progress did FSM pupils make last year compared to other pupils in the school and nationally? How well have FSM pupils been performing over time? Is attainment rising? Is the gap narrowing? PP pupil tracking by inspector Discussions with PP pupils, parents, staff and governors Study of effectiveness of PP spending strategies Study of effectiveness of leadership in monitoring and evaluation Governor involvement

27 Factors considered by inspectors
Quality of the school’s analysis of the performance and needs of PP pupils School rationale for spending PP funding Appropriateness and level of challenge of school’s success criteria Robustness of monitoring and evaluation Level of involvement of governors Level of involvement of pupils, parents and carers Impact on narrowing the gap IMPACT

28 Pupil Premium Review PP Review for all schools ‘requiring improvement’ in overall effectiveness and leadership/management and where there are concerns re attainment of disadvantaged School will be supported by another head to carry out a sharp Review of how PP is used to develop a new strategy for using PP effectively NCTL list of heads with proven success of achieving good outcomes for disadvantaged. Schools can approach these, or others, to provide support:

29 Creating a good audit trail
Outcome measures FSM / Non-FSM attainment over time Gap over time Attendance over time Progress Destination data The audit trail PP funding Strategies adopted Implementation Monitoring mechanisms and results Measured impact Evaluating each strategy: ‘What does this mean?’ Improving: ‘What do we do now?’ How good is the audit trail in your school?

30 Accountability to parents
Obligation to report to parents on PP policies and impact Publish an online account of PP amount and plans to spend it At end of year, publish what you spent it on and the impact Lots of school templates on the internet … but this is about much more than accountability … … using support to use PP more effectively … … using curriculum to close the gaps …

31 An international perspective
“Today schooling needs to be much more about ways of thinking, involving creativity, critical thinking, problem-solving and decision-making.” Andreas Schleicher – OECD TES 16 November 2012

32 Using curriculum freedoms to close the gap
School curriculum bigger than National Curriculum What curriculum does a C21 young person need? What curriculum does most for disadvantaged? Developing knowledge, skills and personal qualities What skills and personal qualities to develop? CBI list? Your own list? How can you develop the curriculum to help close the gap in your school?

33 Ready for further study
Work ready Life ready Ready for further study

34 Evaluate effectiveness Use evidence to decide strategy
Make an impact Change practice Training in depth Use evidence to decide strategy Get buy-in at school Today’s conference

35 National Pupil Premium Champion
Contact John Dunford at

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