Presentation on theme: "Made by :Ciontoiu Ana,Ciontoiu Emilia and Moraru Patricia. School no. 308, Bucharest, Romania COMENIUS PROJECT 2011-2013,,YOUNG EUROPEANS SAY : BREAK THE."— Presentation transcript:
Made by :Ciontoiu Ana,Ciontoiu Emilia and Moraru Patricia. School no. 308, Bucharest, Romania COMENIUS PROJECT 2011-2013,,YOUNG EUROPEANS SAY : BREAK THE WALLS, BE TOLLERANT ! “ This project is funded by the European Commission. The presentation reflects the view only of the author, and the European Commission is not responsible for the accuracy of the information.
The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁ λόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt") also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "catastrophe"; Yiddish: חורבן, Churben or Hurban, from the Hebrew for "destruction"), was the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, throughout German-occupied territory.GreekHebrewYiddishgenocideWorld War IINazi GermanyAdolf HitlerNazi Party
The Transnistria Governorate was a Romanian-administered territory, annexed by the Axis Powers from the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa and occupied from 19 August 1941 to 29 January 1944. Limited in the west by the Dniester river (separating it from Bessarabia Governorate) in the east by the Southern Bugriver (separating it from the German Reichskommissariat Ukraine), and in the south by the Black Sea, it comprised the present-day region of Transnistria and territories further.RomanianAxis PowersSoviet UnionOperation BarbarossaDniesterBessarabia GovernorateSouthern BugReichskommissariat UkraineBlack SeaTransnistria
ROMANIA IN WORLD WAR II The number of deaths in this area is not certain, but the lowest respectable estimates run to about 250,000 Jews and 25,000 Roma in these eastern regions, while 120,000 of Transylvania's 150,000 Jews died at the hands of the Germans later in the war.Roma Romanian soldiers also worked with the Einsatzkommandos, German killing squads, tasked with massacring Jews and Roma in conquered territories. Romanian troops were in large part responsible for the Odessa massacre, in which over 100,000 Jews were shot during the autumn of 1941.EinsatzkommandosOdessa massacre
The Jewish Museum in Bucharest, Romania is located in the former Templul Unirea Sfântă (United Holy Temple) synagogue, which survived both World War II and Nicolae Ceauşescu unscathed.BucharestRomaniasynagogueWorld War IINicolae Ceauşescu The name has several variants, including Museum of the History of the Romanian Jewish Community. In Romanian it is variously called Muzeul de Istorie al Comunitatilor Evreieti din România, Muzeul de Istorie a Comunitaii Evreieti Bucureti, etc.Romanian