# FPTP v. PR Mock Election Lesson Starter What is an election?

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FPTP v. PR Mock Election Lesson Starter What is an election?
What do you think is the point of an election?

Voting Systems There are two main types of voting in the UK
First Past the Post (FPTP) Proportional Representation (PR)

Voting Systems First Past the Post (FPTP)
This is when the candidate with the most votes is elected

Voting Systems First Past the Post (FPTP)
Parties put forward candidates and voters then vote for one of these candidates

Voting Systems Proportional Representation (PR)
This is when the number of votes a party gets = a proportional number of seats

What do we mean by proportional?
If 4 people were to share a cake equally, each person would get one quarter or 25% Each gets a fair proportion

What do we mean by proportional?
With PR, the number of votes a party gets is roughly equal to the number of seats in parliament the party gets. E.g. if a party gets 25% of the vote, they get 25% of the seats

Voting Systems Proportional Representation (PR)
So in PR, you vote for a party rather than a candidate The party chooses who gets the seat from a list of their best people

Election Rules… You have one vote in each election
Put an “X” beside your chosen candidate/party Fold once and put in ballot box

Class Election We will have 2 elections – one FPTP and one PR
FPTP – candidates: John Smith – Labour David Anderson – Conservative Harry Hill – Liberal Democrat Jock McDonald - SNP

FPTP Results… Candidate Party Votes John Smith Labour David Anderson
Conservative Harry Hill Liberal Democrat Jock McDonald SNP Winner =

Class Election We will have 2 elections – one FPTP and one PR
PR – parties: Labour Conservative Liberal Democrat SNP

PR Results… 2 votes = 1 MSP Party Votes MSPs gained Labour
Conservative Liberal Democrats SNP

Party Lists Labour John Grey Diane Abbott Margaret Curran
David Blunkett Tony Benn Conservative Annabel Goldie Ruth Davidson Jackson Carlaw David Cameron Liberal Democrats Nick Clegg Paddy Ashdown Charles Kennedy Tavish Scott SNP John Mason Nicola Sturgeon Kenny MacAskill John Swinney Task Write a list of the names of MSPs elected using the PR system.

Which is better? Think of the advantages and disadvantages of each system and write them down…

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