Presentation on theme: "I’d rather be Dead than Red’!"— Presentation transcript:
1 I’d rather be Dead than Red’! Australia’s response to Communism.Peace Rally Counter-DemonstratorPeace Rally Counter-Demonstrator
2 Communism meansThe belief that private ownership should be abolished and all work and property should be shared by the community.Based upon the writings of German philosopher Karl Marx the founding father of socialism
3 Capitalism means:An economic system based on the private ownership of business, production and distribution.
4 Key Words associated with Communism Red ScareCommyEspionageSpy ringsCold WarKorean WarASIODomino theoryPetrov AffairDemocracyRevolutionProtestCapitalismANZUSSEATOIron curtainHammer & Sickle
5 Former Communist countries ChinaCubaLaosNorth KoreaViet NamRussiaPolandYugoslaviaCzechoslovakiaEastern Germany
6 CommunistsJ. StalinF. CastroHo Chi MinhMao ZedongChe Guevara
7 Anti - Communists Harry Truman J. E. Hoover Robert Menzies Joseph McCarthyHarry TrumanJ. E. Hoover
8 European Anti-communist posters and a protest rally.
10 Anti-communist propaganda This is an American anti-communism poster showing how communism could brainwash society and take away people’s freedomThis image shows civilisation being pulled down by communismThis image shows the death anddestruction that communism would doto mankind
11 This was a German anti-communism poster Australian anti-communist poster, showing mankind being dragged down by communismThis was a German anti-communism poster
12 The growth of Communism 1917- Russia adopts this ideology after the revolution that got rid of the TsarWW11 ends tension begins between USA & USSR1947, Iron Curtain (Churchill), Soviet control of Eastern Europe. Beginning of conflict between East and West1949, China adopts Communism1950 McCarthyism – Domino theory, introduction of Anti-Communist bills1950 war with Korea – Australia’s involvement1950 Menzies anti-communist dissolution bill1952 Communist witch hunt – Jimmy Carruthers (boxer), Peter Finch (actor), Alan Walker (minister)
13 Government’s response to Communism in Australia Series of anti-communist propaganda introduced film. Newsreels, posters & pamphlets.Arrest of anyone who had communist viewsCensorship of anything deemed pro-communist – ‘power without glory’ novel by Frank Hardy was arrested and went through 9 month trial accusing him of being a communist agitator and troublemaker
14 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov accused of being a soviet spy, but there was no proof that he was a threat to Australia – the incident was an embarrassment to the government.Korean war, anti-war protestors were accused of being ‘dangerous communists’.
15 What have you learnt? 1. Who is this anti-communist President? J. E. Hoover2. Who is the communist leader and which country is he president of?Mao Zedong6. Name 3 former communist countries3. What does SEATO stand for?Russia, China & North Viet NamSouth East Asia Treaty Organisation7. Which Australian author wrote ‘Power & Glory’?4. Which countries made up the organisation ANZUS?Frank HardyAustralia, New Zealand and The USA5. Communism means an economic system based on the private ownership of business, production and distribution. True or False?False
16 8. Which Australian Prime minister is this? Robert Menzies 10. Who was Vladimir Petrov?A Soviet Diplomat, accused of being a Soviet Spy9. What name was given to those who protested against the war in Korea in 1950?12. What is meant by the Domino Theory?The idea, that is one country fell to Communism (e.g.. South Vietnam), the rest of the World would follow.‘Dangerous Communists’14. When did China become a communist country?11. What does censorship mean?The control of information communicated through letters, media, etc.194915. What is meant by the Cold War and which two countries were involved?13. What is meant by the slogan ‘I’d rather be dead than Red’?It was a period of tension, and a race of accumulating arms between the USA and Soviet Russia. There was no real physical conflict as is typical in war.Answer