Presentation on theme: "Id rather be Dead than Red! Australias response to Communism. Peace Rally Counter-Demonstrator."— Presentation transcript:
Id rather be Dead than Red! Australias response to Communism. Peace Rally Counter-Demonstrator
Communism means The belief that private ownership should be abolished and all work and property should be shared by the community. Based upon the writings of German philosopher Karl Marx the founding father of socialism
Capitalism means: An economic system based on the private ownership of business, production and distribution.
Key Words associated with Communism Red Scare Commy Espionage Spy rings Cold War Korean War ASIO Domino theory Petrov Affair Democracy Revolution Protest Capitalism ANZUS SEATO Iron curtain Hammer & Sickle
Former Communist countries China Cuba Laos North Korea Viet Nam Russia Poland Yugoslavia Czechoslovakia Eastern Germany
Communists J. Stalin Mao Zedong Ho Chi Minh Che Guevara F. Castro
Anti - Communists Joseph McCarthyRobert Menzies J. E. HooverHarry Truman
European Anti-communist posters and a protest rally.
Anti-communist propaganda This image shows civilisation being pulled down by communism This image shows the death and destruction that communism would do to mankind This is an American anti- communism poster showing how communism could brainwash society and take away peoples freedom
This was a German anti-communism poster Australian anti-communist poster, showing mankind being dragged down by communism
The growth of Communism Russia adopts this ideology after the revolution that got rid of the Tsar WW11 ends tension begins between USA & USSR 1947, Iron Curtain (Churchill), Soviet control of Eastern Europe. Beginning of conflict between East and West 1949, China adopts Communism 1950 McCarthyism – Domino theory, introduction of Anti-Communist bills 1950 war with Korea – Australias involvement 1950 Menzies anti-communist dissolution bill 1952 Communist witch hunt – Jimmy Carruthers (boxer), Peter Finch (actor), Alan Walker (minister)
Governments response to Communism in Australia Series of anti-communist propaganda introduced film. Newsreels, posters & pamphlets. Arrest of anyone who had communist views Censorship of anything deemed pro- communist – power without glory novel by Frank Hardy was arrested and went through 9 month trial accusing him of being a communist agitator and troublemaker
Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov accused of being a soviet spy, but there was no proof that he was a threat to Australia – the incident was an embarrassment to the government. Korean war, anti-war protestors were accused of being dangerous communists.
What have you learnt? 1. Who is this anti-communist President? 2. Who is the communist leader and which country is he president of? 3. What does SEATO stand for? 4. Which countries made up the organisation ANZUS? 5. Communism means an economic system based on the private ownership of business, production and distribution. True or False? 6. Name 3 former communist countries 7. Which Australian author wrote Power & Glory? J. E. Hoover Mao Zedong South East Asia Treaty Organisation Frank Hardy Russia, China & North Viet Nam False Australia, New Zealand and The USA
8. Which Australian Prime minister is this? 9. What name was given to those who protested against the war in Korea in 1950? 10. Who was Vladimir Petrov? 11. What does censorship mean? 12. What is meant by the Domino Theory? 13. What is meant by the slogan Id rather be dead than Red? 14. When did China become a communist country? 15. What is meant by the Cold War and which two countries were involved? Robert Menzies Answer The control of information communicated through letters, media, etc. A Soviet Diplomat, accused of being a Soviet Spy Dangerous Communists The idea, that is one country fell to Communism (e.g.. South Vietnam), the rest of the World would follow It was a period of tension, and a race of accumulating arms between the USA and Soviet Russia. There was no real physical conflict as is typical in war.