Presentation on theme: "From William I to Henry II How had the political situation developed between 1087 and 1154?"— Presentation transcript:
From William I to Henry II How had the political situation developed between 1087 and 1154?
What are the implications of the death of William I in 1087? How to fill the shoes of such an exceptional individual? How to rule Normandy and England together? How should the succession be divided up? How to prevent further rebellions?
Family tree See p105 of Purser Or full version on wikipedia here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_monarch s_family_tree#em1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_monarch s_family_tree#em1 Any comments?
William II Rufus died in 1100. Look at the family tree again, any comments?
How did Ranulf Flambard escape from the White Tower in 1101?
History file on William II Rufus Watch this short clip on his life: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXvyPzpF BR8&feature=watch_response_rev http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXvyPzpF BR8&feature=watch_response_rev
Henrys strengths Sophisticated administrator – last king before Henry VII to die solvent Tighter use of taxation to centralise power of the monarch Spoke three languages (Henri beauclerc) Carefully consolidated his position with marriage and children
The White Ship disaster, 1120 and the death of the 17 year old heir
Look at the passenger list below Matilda, Countess of Perche, illegitimate daughter of King Henry I. - French. Richard of Lincoln, illegitimate son of King Henry I. - English. Ottuel, Illegitimate half brother of the 2nd Earl of Chester. - English. Hugh of Moulins, nobleman. - French. Robert Mauduit, nobleman. - French. Walter of Everci, nobleman. - French. Richard dAvranches, 2nd Earl of Chester, nobleman. - English. Lucia Mahout, wife of the 2nd Earl of Chester. - French. Outhrer dAvranches, cousin of the 2nd Earl of Chester. - English. Matilda of Blois, cousin of Prince William. - German. Othver, Prince Williams tutor. - English. William Pirou, the kings steward. - French. Geoffrey Ridel, Lord of the Judiciary, nobleman. - English. Geoffrey, Archdeacon of Hereford. - English.
Look back to the family tree, what could Henry I do at this stage? Now watch History file on Henry I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9Pb8ikzi sE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9Pb8ikzi sE
When Christ and his Saints Slept Civil war in England between Stephen and Matilda 1135- 1154 Period of anarchy?