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#1 BRITISH CONSTITUTION CONSISTS OF COMMON LAW, ACTS OF PARLIAMENT, & POLITICAL TRADITION AND CUSTOMS.

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Presentation on theme: "#1 BRITISH CONSTITUTION CONSISTS OF COMMON LAW, ACTS OF PARLIAMENT, & POLITICAL TRADITION AND CUSTOMS."— Presentation transcript:

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19 BRITISH CONSTITUTION CONSISTS OF COMMON LAW, ACTS OF PARLIAMENT, & POLITICAL TRADITION AND CUSTOMS

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24 no taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament no subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (habeas corpus) no soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry martial law may not be used in time of peace

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26 Englishmen possessed certain rights freedom from royal interference with the law freedom from taxation by royal prerogative, without agreement by Parliamenttaxation

27 freedom to petition the king freedom to bear arms for self-defense freedom to elect members of Parliament

28 the freedom of speech in Parliament freedom from cruel and unusual punishments freedom from fines and forfeitures without trial

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38 SEPARATION OF POWERS FEDERAL REPUBLIC

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51 FOR YEARS ENGLAND PRACTICED SALUTARY NEGLECT WITH COLONIES

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53 WHY WERE THE COLONISTS ANGRY ABOUT THE PROCLAMATION LINE OF 1763?

54 BRITISH IMPERIAL POLICY ( )

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56 WHAT WAS THIS ABOUT?

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59 The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union 1777

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72 BOTTOM LINE NO POWER OVER STATES ARTICLES COULD NOT PROTECT CITIZENS PROPERTY RIGHTS

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75 … there are important defects in the system of the Government… the defects, upon a closer examination, may be found greater and more numerous, than even these acts imply, from the embarrassments which characterize the present State of our national affairs, foreign and domestic… J. Madison, 9/1786

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77 EARLY COLONIAL MAYFLOWER COMPACT HOUSE OF BURGESSES FUNDAMENTAL ORDERS

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83 "these United Colonies are, and of right, ought to be, Free and Independent States,"

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85 COMMON CHARACTERISTICS GREATER ENFRANCHISEMENT MORE EGALITARIAN MORE DEMOCRATIC LEGISLATIVE BRANCH- MOST POWER

86 COMMON CHARACTERISTICS NON-ELITIST SEPARATION OF POWERS CHECKS & BALANCES BILL OF RIGHTS FOR CITIZENS WRITTEN LOGICALLY

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92 LOCKE SAID, GOVT. IS TYRANNICAL & REVOLUTION JUSTIFIED IF IT…. SUBSTITUTES ARBITRARY WILL FOR LAW ABANDONS THE TRUST TO GOVERN

93 DELIVERS THE PEOPLE INTO THE HANDS OF A FOREIGN POWER ALTERS THE MODE OF ELECTING THE LEGISLATIVE BODY HINDERS THE LEGISLATIVE POWER FROM MEETING

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