2 …..words arranged in a RYTHMIC pattern with regular ACCENTS (like BEATS in music)
3 …words carefully selected for sound, accent, and meaning…to express IMAGINATIVELY ideas
4 . . . In one way EVERYONE Uses poetry when He speaks or writes With Words that create IMAGES, such as. . .
5 “I’ve come to the end of my own rope IN CONVERSATION. . .“I’ve come to the end of my own rope
6 “L-O-V-E is a MANY SPLENDORED THING” In Songs. . .
7 “A Nation Concieved in Liberty—” In Speeches. . .“A Nation Concieved in Liberty—”
8 Tries to express an idea with words that . . .BUT A POETIs a person moreEndowedWith imagination whoTries to express an idea with words thatGive it FORM andBEAUTY--
9 A BIG TREE AND ITS GETTING DARK! I SEE ADARKHAND ISTEARINGTHEVAULT OFNIGHT-Looking at the same thingWhat do I see?A BIG TREE AND ITS GETTING DARK!
10 RHYTHM MELODY IMAGERY FORM Each poem has: And POETRY has a “LANGUAGE” all its own…
11 That is, the ACCENTS of the Syllables in the Words fall at regular EACH POEM has a RHYTHMCalled a “METRIC PATTERN”(except in free verse)That is, theACCENTS of theSyllables in theWords fall at regularIntervals, like theBEAT of MUSIC
12 MELODY EXAMPLE: dame and same Rhyme—that is- where two words have EACH POEM ALSO HAS “MELODY”LIKE MUSIC, EACH POEM HASMELODY(I.E. SOUND DEVICES)OF WHICH THE PRINCIPLE ONE IS. . .Rhyme—that is- where two words haveThe SAME SOUND on their last accented vowelPreceded by DIFFERENT consonants.EXAMPLE: dame and same
13 SINGLE RHYME DOUBLE TRIPLE LOVE Dove Rapping Tapping Mournfully Scornfully
14 OTHER RHYMING TERMS:IMPERFECT RHYMEtwo words that look alike, but don’tsound alikeExample: LOVE and JOVEINTERNAL RHYMEthe rhyme occurs inside a single line of poetryExample: “Let’s beat the heat.”
15 …besides rhyme, poets also use these OTHER SOUND EFFECTS-ASSONANCE- resemblance of vowel sounds inwordsExample: “O harp and altar, of the fury fused”ONAMATOPOEIA- words sound like theirmeaningsEXAMPLES: drip, whisper, hoot, meow, murmur
16 ALLITERATION-words that begin with the same consonant sound SUCH AS: In a Summer Season, where Soft was Sun
18 (figures of speech representing sense experiences) EACH POEM ALSO HASIMAGERY(figures of speech representing sense experiences)-comparisons are one way of creating imagery as in…SIMILE- two unlike things are compared using “like” or “as”Example: the man paced like a lion
19 2) METAPHOR- two unlike things are directly compared without the use of “like” or “as” Example: The river is a snake which coils on itself.3) PERSONIFICATION-giving human qualities to anything that is not humanExamples: The trees danced in the breeze
20 4) APOSTROPHE- addressing some abstract object Example: “O world! Tell me thy pain!”5) LITERARY ALLUSIONS- Referring metaphorically to person, places, and things from history or previous literature.
21 -and by EXAGGERATIONHYPERBOLE- Saying more than this is trueExample: “He wore his fingers to the bone.”2) UNDERSTANDMENT- Saying less than is true.Example: “Losing his job meant ht could sleep late.”
22 IRONY- Saying the opposite to what is true. Example: “War is kind.”And finally, EVERY POEM has FORM(structure)
23 You will walk with us this year. A starIf you areA love compassionate,You will walk with us this year.We face a glacial distance who are hereHuddl’dAt your feetNOTE EACH LINE STARTS WITH A CAPITAL LETTERLONG LINESOFTER INDICATE DISTANCE OR DIRECTIONRUN-ON LINE_NOT END SENTENCE OR THOUGHT
24 REPETITION-of words, sounds, or ideas to enhance rhythm or to create emphasisExample :Because I do not hope to turn againBecause I do not hopeBecause I do not hope to turn
25 What’s a “POETIC LICENSE?” It means that a poet is allowed to break rules of spelling to make his or her rhyme or meter more perfect-AS IN: soft oftHope ope
26 RHYME SCHEMESARE INDICATED BY THE USE OF LETTERSSuch as in :1. Roses are red A2. Violets are blue B3. Sugar is sweet C4. And so are you BThe rhyme scheme of this poem is ABCB.
27 STANZAS A LONG POEM USUALLY CONSISTS OF A NUMBER OF LINES GROUPED INTO SETS OFLINES CALLEDSTANZAS
28 SOME SPECIAL NAMES FOR STANZAS # OF lINESWhat’s it called?What it is2RHYMED COUPLET2 LINES WITH THE SAME RHYME4QUATRAIN4 LINES WITH ANY RHYME6SESTETSIX LINES8OCTAVE8 LINES14SONNET14 LINES OF IAMBIC PENTAMETER
29 SOME TYPES OR GROUPS POEMS FALL INTO ELEGYEPITAPHODEEPICNARRATIVEPASTORALLYRICBALLADSONNET
30 POETS AND THEIR POETRY HAVE THEIR OWN STYLES (sometimes these are called schools or movements)“CLASSICAL”“REALISTIC”“ABSTRACT”“ROMANTIC”“PSYCOLOGICAL”
31 THEME Try to Understand the Ask yourself: “What is the message?” Of each poemAsk yourself: “What is the message?”
32 DIFFERENT POETS MY HAVE QUITE DIFFERENT ATTITUDES TOWARD THE SAME SUBJECT War makes the mighty men and eliminates the weakWar is a dreadful waste of people and resourceswarWhat Amazing heroism and courage war brings our in menAs a soldier, I do not see the war, but only my own misery
33 EVERY POET IS INFLUENCED BY… His or her BELIEFS-usually reflected on in his/ her THEMESThe PERIOD-usually affects the STYLE of the poemThe SUBJECT-often affects the METRICAL PATTERNCREATIVITY will affect his or her use of IMAGERY
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