Presentation on theme: "US Drill Unit I. Chapter 1 The first empire to emerge in the Americas was."— Presentation transcript:
US Drill Unit I
The first empire to emerge in the Americas was
believed to be the first civilization to have a ball game.
The Second major civilization to emerge in the Americas was the
Around 1200 AD the third major civilization arose in the Americas, it is known as?
In 1521 this person conquered the Aztecs?
In the 1560 ’ s this person conquered the Incas?
These people lived on the mesa tops, cliff slides, and canyon bottoms of the Four Corners region (Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico)?
They made mounds in the shapes of animals that can easily be spotted by Airplanes.
Adena, the Hopewell, and the Mississippian
This Native American group had totem poles and potlatches?
a ceremony in which families give away large quantities of their possessions.
underground ceremonial chambers for religious ceremonies and councils
Native Americans thought of land as the source of life and did not believe that is something that could be
Bought or sold
In the 1400 ’ s these Europeans began trading for West African Slaves?
In the 1400 ’ s, this empire controlled the Saharan trade?
This king ruled from 1464 to 1492, and made Songhai the largest West African empire in history?
Popular trading city for the Saharan trade, regained its significance as an educational center for Islamic scholars in Africa.
Benin gained its dominance over the forested area under the leadership of _____ (king) Ewuare.
Type of ship designed to sail against the wind?
This man sponsored an up to date sailing school and some of the earliest voyages.
King and queen of Spain who funded the expedition for Christopher Columbus
Ferdinand and Isabella
The names of the three ships used by Columbus on his journey?
Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria
Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492 and found a people called the Taino on an island he named ____________
the establishment of distant settlements controlled by the parent country
What were the three G ’ s?
Gold, Glory, and God
In this exchange ships took plants and animals from the Americas back to Europe and to Africa and brought items form the Eastern Hemisphere to the Western Hemisphere.
In this treaty, Lands to the West of an imaginary vertical line drawn in the Atlantic, including most of the Americas, belonged to Spain. Lands to the East of the line, including Brazil, went to Portugal.
Treaty of Tordesillas
This famous explorer died disappointed that he never reached China.
This type of company allowed investors to pool their wealth to fund a colony?
What was the name of the 1st permanent English colony?
What was the name of the group of Native American peoples that lived in eastern Virginia at the time of the first English settlements?
The English colonists discovered that they could sell this crop in Europe for a great profit?
What was the name of the system, in which each new person who came to the colony received 50 acres of land and another 50 acres for each family member who came.
What were the people called who came to North America with the agreement that they would work on a farm for several years, and after that time they would be granted freedom?
The turmoil in Virginia angered the English government. The king took over the colony from the Virginia Company. Virginia became a colony under the control of the king, what is the term for this type of colony?
A royal colony
What type of people controlled life in the Virginia colony?
Who was the person who led a group of aggravated marchers into Jamestown, they were there to protest the lack of aid they were receiving in the western areas of Virginia against the Native Americans? The Protest ended up turning violent.
What was the name of the Separatist Puritan group who arrived in North America and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620?
The first “ constitution ” in North America, it was signed by 41 Pilgrim men who came to Plymouth on the Mayflower in It established the rule of law and the separation of church and state. What was it called?
What religious group of people founded the Massachusetts Bay colony?
What would the Massachusetts Bay Colony come to be known by?
Who was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (New England)?
Who was the preacher that Puritan leaders banished for his beliefs that government officials should not punish those with different religious views and that settlers should buy, not take, land from the Native Americans? He would later form a colony in what is now Rhode Island.
What woman was banished for her beliefs that people did not need church leaders to interpret the bible, and that people could gain enlightenment on their own through the holy spirit?
What was the name of the 1 st major conflict between the New England colonists and Native Americans that arose in Connecticut in 1637?
Who was the Wampanoag chief (nicknamed King Phillip) that led a war against the English which would cost the colonists 1/10th of their fighting age men? He was eventually killed by the Puritans and his head was put on display for 20 years in Plymouth.
What colony was founded by the Dutch in 1621?
What was the capital of the Dutch colony?
An economic system where a host country establishes colonies to exploit the resources of the colony. The goal for the country was to become self sufficient and have more gold and silver than any other country.
A series of laws passed by the English that restricted trade for the colonists
The land from Maine to New England
Dominion of New England?
The man appointed by King James II to govern over the Dominion of New England. He severely punished smugglers and refused to allow the colonists to form assemblies
Sir Edmond Andros
The English kicked out King James II The invited William and Mary to take over They established laws over the monarchy
the Glorious Revolution
Parliament did not supervise the colonies closely as long as raw materials continued flowing
A crop grown for sale rather than the farmers personal use
Who controlled the South ’ s economic, political, and social institutions?
What is this process called? In this process merchants carried rum and other goods from New England to Africa. In Africa merchants traded merchandise for enslaved people. They transported these people to the West Indies and sold them for Sugar and molasses. These goods were then shipped to New England to be distilled into rum.
Voyage that brought Africans to the West Indies and later North America
This dance paid tribute to the ancestors and gods of the slaves?
The Ring Shout
Why was slavery not as predominant in the north as it was in the south?
Because the North depended more on commerce than it did on agriculture.
Famous 1692 trials which focused on a witchcraft conspiracy?
Salem Witch Trials
An Eighteenth century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge
This man was a religious leader during the Great Awakening of the 1730 ’ s and 1740 ’ s?
A revival of religious feeling in the American colonies during the 1730 ’ s and 1740 ’ s?
The Great Awakening
In 1608, Samuel Champlain founded the first permanent settlement for the French called this?
Name of the French Fort where modern day Pittsburgh is now located?
22 year old George Washington and his militia built this fort across from Fort Duquesne?
This person led Virginia troops in first battle of the French and Indian War?
Who did the Iroquois fight with during the French Indian war the French or the British?
War that gave the British control of North America?
French and Indian War
Treaty that ended the French Indian War?
Treaty of Paris
Who received Florida after the French Indian War?
It banned settlements west of the Appalachian mountains
Proclamation of 1763
In 1761, the royal governor of Massachusetts authorized the writs of assistance, which allowed the British soldiers to search any ship or building. Why was this done?
The British were cracking down on smugglers
What were three reasons the colonists became outraged at the British following the French Indian War?
Invasions of homes (writ of assistance) 10,000 British troops remained in colonies Sugar Act
This Ottawa leader and his men captured eight British forts, and laid siege on two others?
This British imposed tax forced the colonists to purchase special stamped paper for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, and almanac
As a result of the Stamp Act Boston shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers organized a secret resistance group called this?
Sons of Liberty
Many American colonists did not want to pay taxes unless they were fairly represented in parliament The colonists protested this phrase
“ No Taxation without Representation ”
In October 1765, delegates from nine colonies met in New York city. This Stamp Act Congress issued a Declaration of Rights and Grievances. What did this declaration say?
Parliament lacked the power to impose taxes on colonies because the colonists were not represented in Parliament.
It taxed imported materials glass, lead, paint, and paper as they came into the colonies from Britain.
In 1768, this man ’ s ship was seized by the British because they claimed that he had been avoiding paying taxes on the goods he was transporting?
Event in which Crispus Attucks was killed?
The Boston Massacre
Massachusettes and Virginia set up this communication network to communicate with other colonies about this and other threats to American liberties.
committees of correspondence
In this event, Boston rebels disguised themselves as Native Americans and dumped 18,000 pounds of the East India Company ’ s tea into the waters of Boston Harbor?
Boston Tea Party
Why did the Sons of Liberty choose to have the Boston Tea Party?
They felt that it was unfair that the British East India Company did not have to pay the colonial tax on the tea that they were trying to sell.
These acts were imposed on the colonies by King George III for the Boston Tea Party?
Intolerable Acts (Coercive)
British soldiers were housed in private homes, Boston Harbor was shut down, and martial law was imposed. These were three results of these acts
the Intolerable Acts
The committees of correspondence quickly moved into action and assembled the First Continental Congress. In September 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia and drew up this?
A declaration of Colonial rights
General Thomas Gage, commander of the British troops in North America, ordered his men to capture these two patriots?
Samuel Adams and John Hancock
This man was a member of the Sons of Liberty, and was told told to warn Adams and Hancock as well as the townspeople along the way that the British were coming?
What was the first battle of the Revolutionary War?
Lexington and Concord
In this event the colonists showed their resolve to stand up against the British in battle. It was the bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War with over 1000 British casualties and 400 colonists casualties. Famous quote, “ don ’ t fire till you see the whites of their eyes ”.
Battle of Bunker Hill
This document written by Thomas Paine ridiculed Britain and urged American independence?
The Second Continental Congress appointed this man to draw up the Declaration of Independence?
In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson used concepts from this philosopher who believed that life, liberty, and property were the natural rights of mankind.
People who supported the independence of the colonies were known as what?
Those who opposed independence and remained loyal to the crown were known as what?
German mercenaries, or soldiers who fought solely for money. They were hired by the British during the American Revolution.
Name the battle: In the summer of 1776, the British brought 32,000 soldiers to this battle. George Washington brought 23,000. His troops were untrained and poorly equipped. The Continental Army was forced to retreat and suffered heavy losses.
Battle of New York
On Christmas night 1776, George Washington and his men were able to cross the Delaware river and sneak up on the drunk Hessians and defeat them at this battle?
The Battle of Trenton
Old Glory (the American Flag), is said to have been carried for the first time in this 1777 battle?
Battle of Brandywine Creek
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys?
The October 17th, 1777, surrender here dramatically changed Britain ’ s war strategy. From that time on, the British generally kept their troops along the coast, close to the big guns and the supply bases of the British Fleet. The French decided to support the Revolution. It is considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War.
Washington and his men spent the uncomfortable winter of at this place in Pennsylvania?
An increase in prices or decline in purchasing power caused by an increase in the supply of money.
The selling of goods in short supply at inflated prices
These two men raised the money needed to pay the salaries of the Continental Army?
Robert Morris and Hyam Salomon
What was the nickname of Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly, the woman who took her husband ’ s place at a cannon when he was wounded at the Battle of Monmouth?
Who was the brave, 20 year old French aristocrat, who offered military assistance to the Continental Army?
Marquis de Lafayette
Who is the patriot that served as a British spy?
This Prussian captain aided the Americans by making “ regular soldiers out of country bumpkins ” ?
Friedrich von Steuben
Who was the British general who after being defeated at Yorktown, had one of his fellow generals surrender to George Washington?
On September 17th, 1783, this treaty was signed, which confirmed the independence of the colonies?