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**Action Verbs** Transitive and Intransitive Direct and Indirect Objects.

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Presentation on theme: "**Action Verbs** Transitive and Intransitive Direct and Indirect Objects."— Presentation transcript:

1 **Action Verbs** Transitive and Intransitive Direct and Indirect Objects

2 Action verbs express… Physical action (run, smile) Mental action (think, analyze) Emotional action (love, hate) Action verbs are either… Transitive – have a direct object Intransitive – do NOT have a direct object

3 Transitive vs. Intransitive Action Verbs A transitive verb has a direct object. –is the receiver of the action –is either a noun or pronoun –answers whom? or what? AFTER the action verb –can never be in a prepositional phrase Example: The teacher taught a new lesson. An intransitive verb does NOT have an object. Example: The teacher taught effectively. Transitive because it has the direct object lesson Intransitive because it has no object – effectively is an adverb

4 Transitive vs. Intransitive Action Verb Patterns S + TAV + DO –The hungry boy ate three bowls of cereal. S + IAV –The hungry boy ate. –The hungry boy ate noisily and sloppily. –The hungry boy ate in the cafeteria. As you can see, an INtransitive action verb can be followed by nothing or adverbs and/or prep. phrases.

5 Direct Objects Review A direct object always…. –Comes after a transitive action verb –Answers what? or whom? –Is a noun or pronoun –Never in a prep. phrase Example: Casey gave a nice compliment. Casey gave what? compliment noun - direct object Transitive action verb

6 Finding Direct Objects Process: 1.Re-arrange sentence if inverted or a question. 2.Strip out prepositional phrases. 3.Find the verb, and determine if it is an action verb. Don’t forget about HVs! 4.If so, look for a noun or pronoun that answers whom? or what? AFTER the action verb. This is the DIRECT OBJECT! Example: Mason stole a piece of candy. Mason stole a piece. Mason stole what? piece noun - direct object action verb TRANSITIVE action verb because it has DO

7 An intransitive action verb has a direct object. 1.True 2.False

8 A direct object comes AFTER an intransitive action verb. 1.True 2.False

9 A direct object that follows a transitive action verb is either a noun or pronoun. 1.True 2.False

10 A direct object can NOT be in a prepositional phrase. 1.True 2.False

11 To determine if an action verb has a direct object, ask how? after it. 1.True 2.False

12 I bought some fries for lunch. 1.transitive 2.intransitive

13 She laughed at my funny joke. 1.transitive 2.intransitive

14 He fell off his bike. 1.transitive 2.intransitive

15 Everyone loves Raymond. 1.transitive 2.intransitive

16 Indirect Objects Always come BEFORE direct objects Is a noun or pronoun Can’t be in a prep. phrase Answer to whom/what? or for whom/what? the action is done Can be compound Example: I gave him a big kiss on the cheek. Direct object that answers what? Indirect object that answers to whom? Transitive action verb

17 Finding Indirect Objects Process: 1.Re-arrange sentence if inverted or a question. 2.Strip out prepositional phrases. 3.Find the verb, and determine if it is an action verb. Don’t forget about HVs! 4.Find the direct object (DO) by asking “whom?” or “what?” after the action verb. 5.Find a noun or pronoun BEFORE the DO that answers “to/for whom?” or “to/for what?” This is the indirect object (IO). It receives the DO. Example: Sarah gave me the rest of her lunch. Sarah gave me the rest. Sarah gave what? rest (which is the DO) Sarah gave rest to whom? me (which is the IO)

18 Another Action Verb Sentence Pattern S + TAV + IO + DO –My sister bought Mom a beautiful bouquet of flowers for her birthday. –My sister bought Mom a beautiful bouquet. Direct object that answers what? Transitive action verb Indirect object that answers to whom?

19 Let’s Practice! What is the direct object in the following sentence? The teacher gave us a tricky question on the test. What kind of verb is gave? Question is a noun that answers what? after the action verb gave, so it is a direct object! Transitive action verb because it has a DO

20 Let’s Practice! What is the indirect object in the following sentence? The teacher gave us a tricky question on the test. Us is a pronoun that answers to whom? and comes before the direct object question so it is an indirect object!

21 Let’s Practice! In the following sentence, what is the word toy? 1.Direct object 2.Indirect object I bought my puppy a new toy from Puppies R Us. Toy is a noun that answers what? after the action verb bought so it is a direct object!

22 Let’s Practice! In the following sentence, what is the word puppy? 1.Direct object 2.Indirect object I bought my puppy a new toy from Puppies R Us. Puppy is a noun that answers to whom? and comes before the direct object toy so it is an indirect object!

23 Let’s Practice! What is the direct object in the following sentence? 1.girl 2.him 3.present 4.birthday The girl gave him a present for his birthday.

24 Let’s Practice! What is the indirect object in the following sentence? 1.girl 2.him 3.present 4.birthday The girl gave him a present for his birthday.

25 Let’s Practice! What is the direct object in the following sentence? 1.please 2.me 3.attention 4.once Please give me your attention at once!

26 Let’s Practice! What is the indirect object in the following sentence? 1.please 2.me 3.attention 4.once Please give me your attention at once!

27 Let’s Practice! From memory, write the THREE sentence patterns that are possible with ACTION verbs. 1.S + TAV + DO 2.S + TAV + IO + DO 3.S + IAV

28 Let’s Practice! What is wrong with this sentence pattern? S + TAV + IO Answer: You can’t have an IO without a DO!

29 Let’s Practice! What is wrong with this sentence pattern? S + IAV + IO + DO Answer: Intransitive action verbs don’t have objects!

30 Let’s Practice! What is wrong with this sentence pattern? S + TAV + DO + IO Answer: IOs always come before DOs!

31 Let’s Practice! What is wrong with this sentence pattern? S + TAV Answer: Transitive action verbs always have a direct object!


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