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World War II. Womens Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Womens Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Womens Air Force Service Pilots.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II. Womens Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Womens Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Womens Air Force Service Pilots."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II

2 Womens Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Womens Auxillary Army Corps (WAACs) women in the army Womens Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) Womens Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) women in the air force WAVES WAVES women in the navy

3 World War II The entire economy needed to be focused on the war effort. The entire economy needed to be focused on the war effort. Automobiles Tanks Automobiles Tanks More women began working in the factories. More women began working in the factories.

4 World War II Office of Price Administration (OPA) fought inflation by setting a maximum price for most goods. Office of Price Administration (OPA) fought inflation by setting a maximum price for most goods. War Productions Board (WPB) - chose companies to produce wartime products. War Productions Board (WPB) - chose companies to produce wartime products.

5 World War II Rationing - fixed amount of goods needed for the military. Rationing - fixed amount of goods needed for the military. Families received coupons to buy meat, shoes, coffee, gas, etc. Families received coupons to buy meat, shoes, coffee, gas, etc.

6 World War II About 120,000 Japanese Americans lived in the U.S. (West Coast). About 120,000 Japanese Americans lived in the U.S. (West Coast). Nisei – Japanese born in the U.S. Nisei – Japanese born in the U.S. Americans feared attack, invasion, or sabotage. Americans feared attack, invasion, or sabotage.PREJUDICE

7 World War II Executive Order 9066 Executive Order 9066 FDR ordered the removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast FDR ordered the removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast

8 World War II Japanese Americans were forced to relocate to work/prison camps. Japanese Americans were forced to relocate to work/prison camps.

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10 World War II Korematsu vs. United States (1944) - Supreme Court ruled the Japanese internment camps as a military necessity. Korematsu vs. United States (1944) - Supreme Court ruled the Japanese internment camps as a military necessity. TIME OF CRISIS!!! We can never fully right the wrongs of the past. But we can take a clear stand for justice and recognize that serious injustices were done to the Japanese Americans during WWII. - President George Bush in President George Bush in 1990

11 War in Europe

12 World War II Allies – Great Britain, Soviet Union, and the U.S. Allies – Great Britain, Soviet Union, and the U.S. Axis – Germany, Italy, and Japan Axis – Germany, Italy, and Japan Germany first

13 World War II Battle of the Atlantic... Battle of the Atlantic... Hitler ordered German u-boats to sink American ships. Hitler ordered German u-boats to sink American ships. Allies used sonar to detect submarines. Allies used sonar to detect submarines. ENIGMA... ENIGMA... Allies destroyed u-boats faster than Germany could build them!!!

14 World War II In Battle of Stalingrad (Soviet Union) In Battle of Stalingrad (Soviet Union) Stalin ordered his troops to defend no matter what (1.1 million lives)!!! Stalin ordered his troops to defend no matter what (1.1 million lives)!!! Napoleon... Napoleon... TURNING POINT (EASTERN FRONT) Soviets now attacked Germany!!! Soviets now attacked Germany!!!

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16 World War II Stalin begged Allies to open a second front in Western Europe. Stalin begged Allies to open a second front in Western Europe. Not ready yet!!! Not ready yet!!! Operation Torch – Allies invaded North Africa. Operation Torch – Allies invaded North Africa. **Need to light a torch under Europe!!!**

17 World War II Erwin Rommel (Desert Fox) surrendered to Allies in May Erwin Rommel (Desert Fox) surrendered to Allies in May Allied troops now marched to Italy. Allied troops now marched to Italy.

18 World War II Tuskegee Airmen - African-American pilots who fought successfully in Italy. Tuskegee Airmen - African-American pilots who fought successfully in Italy.

19 World War II Tehran Conference – Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt met in 1943 to discuss a two-front war against Germany. Tehran Conference – Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt met in 1943 to discuss a two-front war against Germany. Big Three

20 World War II READY... READY... D-Day (Operation Overlord) – June 6, Allied invasion at Normandy, France D-Day (Operation Overlord) – June 6, Allied invasion at Normandy, France Nearly 3 million Allied troops Nearly 3 million Allied troops TURNING POINT

21 World War II Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded all Allied troops in France. Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded all Allied troops in France.

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24 World War II George C. Patton commanded the U.S. Third Army against the Germans. George C. Patton commanded the U.S. Third Army against the Germans. Blood n Guts Blood n Guts Lafayette, we are here againLafayette, we are here again

25 World War II Battle of the Bulge... Battle of the Bulge... Hitler lost soldiers and weapons that couldnt be replaced. Hitler lost soldiers and weapons that couldnt be replaced. Hitlers last offensive attack... Hitlers last offensive attack...

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27 World War II Soviet troops invaded Berlin, Germany. Soviet troops invaded Berlin, Germany. Hitler was dead. Hitler was dead. One week later, Eisenhower accepted Germanys surrender. One week later, Eisenhower accepted Germanys surrender. V-E Day – May 8, 1945 V-E Day – May 8, 1945

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29 World War II Liberated Nazi concentration camps... Liberated Nazi concentration camps...HORROR Nuremberg Trials – Nazi leaders put on trial for crimes against humanity and war crimes. Nuremberg Trials – Nazi leaders put on trial for crimes against humanity and war crimes. I was only following orders.

30 War in the Pacific

31 World War II Germany first Germany first Japan continued to attack islands in the Pacific. Japan continued to attack islands in the Pacific. General Douglas MacArthur – commander of Allied forces in the Philippines. General Douglas MacArthur – commander of Allied forces in the Philippines I shall return I shall return

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33 World War II Doolittles Raid Doolittles Raid U.S. bombed Tokyo and other Japanese cities. U.S. bombed Tokyo and other Japanese cities. Boosted American morale!!! Boosted American morale!!!

34 World War II Battle of Midway Battle of Midway U.S. destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and 250 planes. U.S. destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and 250 planes. TURNING POINT (Pacific) Island hopping – Allies began winning territory back from Japan island by island. Island hopping – Allies began winning territory back from Japan island by island.

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36 World War II Battle of Iwo Jima Battle of Iwo Jima Launching point... Launching point... Heavily defended by the Japanese Heavily defended by the Japanese 6,000 U.S. marines died 6,000 U.S. marines died

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38 World War II Battle for Okinawa Battle for Okinawa Fierce fighting in the water and on land. Fierce fighting in the water and on land. 7,600 Americans died but 110,000 Japanese died. 7,600 Americans died but 110,000 Japanese died.

39 Should the U.S. invade Japan and risk losing more American lives?

40 World War II President Harry Truman... President Harry Truman... Manhattan Project – top-secret project to build an atomic bomb. Manhattan Project – top-secret project to build an atomic bomb. Albert Einstein... Albert Einstein...

41 I am become death, the shatterer of worlds. - J. Robert Oppenheimer

42 World War II U.S. warned Japan of prompt and utter destruction. U.S. warned Japan of prompt and utter destruction. August 6, 1945 – U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima August 6, 1945 – U.S. dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima 70,000 killed on impact 70,000 killed on impact Japanese leaders refused to surrender. Japanese leaders refused to surrender.

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44 World War II Days later... U.S. dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki Days later... U.S. dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki 39,000 killed on impact 39,000 killed on impact September 2, 1945 V-J Day September 2, 1945 V-J Day

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