Presentation on theme: "World War II Years: 1930’s-1945 Sides: Axis-Germany, Italy, Japan"— Presentation transcript:
1World War II Years: 1930’s-1945 Sides: Axis-Germany, Italy, Japan Allies- U. Kingdom, S.Union, U.StatesCause: Rise of aggressive totalitarian governments in Japan, Germany and ItalyOutcome: Great defining and transforming moment in world history during 20th century
2European War1930’s Italy and Germany Fascist govts. Advance through Europe and N.AfricaLeague of Nations puts economic sanctions on Germany and Italy but no militaryU. States stays out of argumentsBritish and French stand by and threaten but do not act-appeasementMunich conference (1938) Chamberlain and Hitler meet -British allow Germany to occupy Sudetenland in CzechoslovakiaFinal straw is German invasion of Poland in Sept. 1939War declared Italy and Germany vs. U.K and France
3Beginning of European War Germans invade Poland armored tank divisions against cavalryEarly 1940 Germans smash northward into Denmark and Norway and westward into Netherlands, Belgium and FranceFrench invest in Maginot Line- elaborate trenches built of concreteBlitzkrieg- German lightning war use of tanks and planes effective new fighting tacticsAlarming how quick to see German troops marching down Champs D’ElyssesGermans and Italians conquer EuropeMiracle at Dunkirk- retreating British and French troops escape across English channelSpain, Switzerland, S.Union are exceptions
7Britain Alone British alone against Axis onslaught Fall 1940 Battle of Britain- Air Force battleNew British P. Minister Winston Churchill “never in human history have so many depended on so few” RAFThe Blitz- German bombers pummel London every night for two monthsU.S. sends supplies and assistance to British including Lend-Lease act- Destroyers to help with sub destroying missions
81941 EuropeItalians in S.E. Europe need assistance from Germans in Greece and YugoslaviaOperation Barbarossa- Axis attack against S. Union in June 1941Axis push deep into S. Union almost reach MoscowWinter slows down advanceAxis eventually stopped on outskirts of Leningrad, Moscow, and Stalingrad
10Pacific War1930’s Japanese on move into Manchuria and China looking for an empire and raw materialsHope for Asian empire only threat United States navy in PacificLeague of Nations threatens but only economic sanctionsU.S. issues ultimatum to leave China or U.S. will stop shipments of oilJapanese response Pearl Harbor attack Dec. 7, a day that will live in infamyJapan vs. United States, China, etc.
151942 Pacific War Japan successes when war begins Advancing empire throughout S.E. Asia and Indonesia, and PhilippinesMajor air and naval battle at Midway is turning point of warJapanese lose four aircraft carriers and hundreds of planes- tide of war turns
17Europe 1942/1943 U.S. and British hit Axis powers in N.Africa U.S. and British hit Axis up through ItalyTurning point #1 in European war is Stalingrad- largest battle in history of world lasts several months-Germans lose entire army of 300,000 men dead or capturedSoviet army starts to push westward
18Europe 1944Big Three?Stalin wants U.S. and British to open up Western or 2nd frontInvasion of France planned- D-Day June 6, 1944 attack onto beaches of FranceSoviets make progress moving westU.S. and British make progress moving north through Italy and west through FranceSummer 1944 assassination attempt on HitlerHow would world be different?
19Pacific WarU.S. plan known as island hopping moving toward Japan skipping islandsNaval battles and tough fighting on Pacific islands- Marines heroes of Pacific warAsian belief in surrender?Bataan Death March evidence of treatment of P.O.W.’s
21Europe 1945Yalta Conference Big Three meet to plan end of war- Stalin promises free elections in Poland and E.EuropeLast gasp Axis strike against western Allies in Battle of the Bulge in the winterU.S. troops enter Western Germany in Feb and Soviets enter Eastern Germany in March 1945Why is Hitler still confident?Last major battle in Berlin April Hitler hears battle going on in streets shoots himself April 30, 1945V.E. day May 8, 1945
22Pacific War 1945 U.S. troops fighting onward towards Japan Iwo Jima Feb. and Okinawa April terribly costlyVolcanic islands 22,000 Japanese troops dug inIwo story of flag raisingKamikazees- Suicide planes
29End of WarAugust 1945 Enola Gay drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima, three days later on Nagasaki20th century divided by that momentJapan surrenders, V.J. day end of war, Japan occupied by U.S.Military of Japan paid for by U.S. still has been solid ally of U.S., great economic success storyGermany divided in four sections, Berlin divided in four sections
30Outcomes End of European power in world Colonialism dies soon after war- India, Africa, AsiaTwo superpowers arise out of WWIIUnited Nations created in 19451942 Germans officially make decision for Final Solution purposeful extermination of “undesirables” Jews, Slavs, gypsies, homosexuals, etcNuremburg Trials held at end of war for Nazi leaders for crimes during warCan’t blame superiors, also leads to calls for Jewish homeland