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U.N. Definition of Genocide Est. December 1948 Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national,

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Presentation on theme: "U.N. Definition of Genocide Est. December 1948 Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national,"— Presentation transcript:

1 U.N. Definition of Genocide Est. December 1948 Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:  (a) Killing members of the group;  (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;  (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;  (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;  (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

2 Armenia CBS Battle Over History (12:14)

3 Armenian Genocide 1915 Victim- Minority Christian Armenians Persecutor- Majority Muslim Turks Why? Armenians sided with allies in WWI Methods? Forced deportation, death march, railways to camps, starvation, disease, murder Impact? ~1.5 million dead Response? Covered by wartime, still denied

4 Cambodia PBS Frontline World Pol Pot’s Shadow (25:00-full) (9:30 overview)

5 Cambodian Genocide Victim- Vietnamese, Chinese, Muslims, foreigners, educated elite Persecutor- Pol Pot & Khmer Rouge (communist) Why? Agrarian Utopia, cities  farms Methods? Relocation, starvation, overwork, execution, ‘killing fields’ = mass graves Impact? ~2 million killed (25% of population) Response? UN support of coalition gov. against Vietnamese communists, 2006 war crimes trials

6 Rwanda History of Tensions (3:14) BBC coverage (2:56)

7 Rwandan Genocide Victim- Tutsi minority (cattle owners) Persecutor- Hutu majority (farmers) Why? Colonial powers support Tutsi, Post- Colonial Hutu majority had power wanted to maintain it Methods? Clubs, machetes, tools- killed in churches Impact? 800,000+ killed in 100 days Response? Minimal internationally

8 Bosnia

9 Bosnian Genocide Victim- Bosnian Muslims Persecutor- Christian groups, Slobodan Milosevic Why? Territorial shifts and disputes post WWI, Bosnia gains independence  Milosevic angered and attacks to support Serbs in newly independent Bosnia Methods? Ethnic cleansing as Serbian troops move in Impact? ~200,000 killed, 2 million refugees Response? NATO peace keeping, force cease-fire, ethnic cleansing shifts to Kosovo, Milosevic caught for war crimes but died in his cell

10 Darfur History of Conflict

11 Darfur Region of Sudan Genocide 2003-present Victim- Small ethnic groups/farmers Persecutor- Government, Janjaweed (herders) Why? Uprising against government, government created Janjaweed, conflicts of land and resources (political power in North, resources in South) Methods? Rape, displacement, organized starvation, mass murder, threats to aid workers Impact? ~400,000 killed, 8 million refugees/aid Response? ICC issues warrants, country divided, continued conflict

12 ‘Crimes Against Humanity’ in North Korea Upfront Article Response Do other countries have a moral obligation to intervene when a nation commits crimes against humanity within its own borders? Defend your argument using evidence from the article in addition to your own reflection (1 well developed paragraph)


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