2Important Vocabulary: Congressional District:an electoral division of a U.S. state, entitled to send one member to the US House of RepresentativesReapportionment-the process by which 435 seats in Congress are assigned to 50 states, following the census
3Important VocabularyRedistricting-To divide again into districts, especially to give new boundaries to administrative or election districts.Gerrymandering-in drawing the boundaries of electoral districts in a way that gives one party an advantage over its rivals.
4Government ReviewGovernment is an institution to maintain order and stability in society.No Government= ANARCHY (absence of government. No order.
5United States Government Review The government of the United States is a federal republic with a strong democratic tradition.Federal: a union of states under a central government. States still have some power.Republic: a government where citizens have power by voting.
6United States Government Review In a federal system, powers are divided between levels of government.FEDERALSTATECOUNTYCITY/LOCAL
7United States Government Review U.S. Government Divided into 3 branchesLegislative: Make Laws (Congress)Bicameral Legislature (2 Houses)House of RepresentativesSenateJudicial: Interpret Laws (Supreme Court)Executive: Enforce Laws (President)
8US Government Senators:50 total House of Representatives: 435 total seats.How are these numbers determined?
9Number of seats Senate: each state gets 2 Senators. 2 x 50=100 total SenatorsHouse of Representatives: based on population.435 total seats across the United StatesEach state gets at least one.The higher the population of a state, the more representatives that state gets.
10How is population counted? Census: Every 10 yearsThe main purpose of the census is to determine how many seats each state receives.This is known as apportionment.As populations change or shift, reapportionment may be necessary.
11Congressional Districts of TN TN has 9 congressional districts.All districts are equal in population, NOT in size.
13Population Density Since each district has the same population: The smaller the district the higher the population density.The larger the district the lower the population density.Population Density: # of people per square mile.