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COORDINATE PLANE

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Coordinate plane y-axis (0,0)

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**We can use pythagorean theorem to find distance in the coordinate plane**

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Coordinate Geometry Describe a point with an ordered pair (x, y) Finding Distance d is the distance of two points A(x1,y1) and B(x2,y2)

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**Use two points and the distance formula**

d = (x2 – x1)2 + (y2 – y1)2

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Lets see how it works! AB has endpoints A(1,-3) an B(-4,4). Find AB to the nearest tenth. Label your points A( 1, -3 ) B ( -4, 4 ) x1 y1 x2 y2

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Putting in calculator Your Screen should look like this: ((-4 – 1 )2 + (4 – ( -3 ))2)

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Let’s Try another: The distance between point A (2, -1) and B (2, 5) First label points x1 y x2 y2 Second put into distance formula (2 – 2)2 + (5 – (-1))2 Punch into the calculator

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Assignment Page 46 Problems 1 – 17

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FINDING MIDPOINT OF A SEGMENT

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A B 15 11 To find the midpoint of a segment we get the average or mean of the two points Simply we add the two points together and divide by 2 Example 2 22/2 11

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When this line is on the coordinate plane we have to take into consideration both the x and the y coordinates E (-2, -3) F (2, 3 ) x1, y x2, y2 Formula: x1 + x2 , y1 + y2 (0, 0) F E

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TRY THIS: Find the coordinates of the midpoint of XY with endpoints X(2, -5) and Y ( 6,13) Label points x1, y x2, y2 Do we need to see this on a coordinate plane? Use Formula x1 + x y1 + y2

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Find the midpoint of AB A = (0, 0) B = (8, 4)

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Finding an endpoint The midpoint of XY has coordinates (4, -6), X has the coordinates (2, -3) Find the Y coordinates Let the coordinates of X be x1,y1 Use the midpoint Formula and solve for each coordinate 4 = x2 2 -6 = -3 + y2 2 endpoint Y (6, -9)

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Given the coordinate point A and the midpoint of AB has coordinates (5, -8). Find the coordinates of point B A b

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Assignment Page 46 Problems 18 – 40 EVEN 44 & 46

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