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Ty Hammer.  Although alcohol is a common beverage, how much can a human consume in a day?

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Presentation on theme: "Ty Hammer.  Although alcohol is a common beverage, how much can a human consume in a day?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ty Hammer

2  Although alcohol is a common beverage, how much can a human consume in a day?

3  Ethanol or Ethyl Alcohol  Flavoring  Minerals  Water

4  Diseases and health problems  Marriage and family problems  Accidents  Intentional injuries

5  Alcoholism (addiction to alcohol)  Cancers Esophagus, mouth, throat, larynx (voice box). Increase risk of colon and rectal cancer  Heart damage High blood pressure Heart attack or stroke.  Liver damage Cirrhosis Hepatitis  Stomach Chronic irritation of the stomach lining and bleeding ulcers pancreatitis

6 Alcohol’s use affects each person differently depending on..  Body Size: The bigger you are, the more blood you have to thin the alcohol in your system. Smaller people are usually affected more quickly by alcohol than larger people.

7  Gender: Women are generally smaller than men, have a higher percentage of body fat, and tend to reach higher BAC’s more quickly.  Food: A full stomach slows the absorption of alcohol into the bloodstream.   Strength of Drink: Drinks can have different effects based on their composition, i.e. carbonated beverages tend to increase the absorption rate in alcohol.

8  Rate of Consumption: Gulping or chugging drinks will increase the amount of alcohol taken into your system. Also, the faster you drink, the less time your body has to dilute the alcohol.  Mood: A person who is obviously upset, exhausted, or under a lot of stress feels the effects of alcohol more quickly.  Age: The body processes alcohol better once the body is fully matured.

9  Tolerance: The longer an individual drinks, the more he or she will need drink in order to get the same desired effect.  Drug Use: Legal or illegal drugs can speed up the effects of alcohol and have an unpredictable outcome.  Body Composition: In general, the less you weigh the more quickly alcohol will be absorbed. However, for people of the same weight, a person who has greater muscle mass will absorb alcohol slower than someone with a higher percentage of body fat.

10  80% of teens have had at least one alcoholic beverage.  Alcohol has a negative impact on school- work, athletics, friendships, family, relationships, and career goals.

11  To escape pressure or problems  To feel better or get over being sad or lonely  To deal with stress and relax  To feel more self-confident in social situations  For excitement  Because their friends are doing it  To deal with boredom  To get away with something they are not supposed to do  To fit in

12  Pressure  Parents use it to solve problems/stress  Advertisements Young, handsome, attractive, fit and healthy looking. A party like atmosphere with upbeat music. Healthful environment, beauty of the outdoors. Problem free drinking

13  Alcohol is a fatal substance. Being knowledgeable about Blood Alcohol Content will help you understand the effects of varying amounts of alcohol in your system, and allow you to make informed decisions about drinking.  The standard way of measuring how much alcohol is in the blood stream is Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) or Blood Alcohol Level (BAL). It can be measured using blood, saliva, urine or breath and is measured in milligrams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood, or milligrams percent.  For Example: A BAC of.10 means one-tenth of 1% or (1/1000) of your total blood content is alcohol.

14  MALE  The following is a rough outline of expected BAC's for a 150 lb. male on an empty stomach after one hour:  2 drinks.05 BAC  4 drinks.10 BAC  FEMALE  The following is a rough outline of expected BAC's for a 120 lb. female on an empty stomach after one hour:  2 drinks.08 BAC  4 drinks.17 BAC

15  According to the Core Institute, an organization that surveys college drinking practices, 300,000 of today's college students will eventually die of alcohol-related causes such as drunk driving accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, various cancers and heart disease.  159,000 of today's first-year college students will drop out of school next year for alcohol- or other drug-related reasons.  On a typical campus, the average amount a student spends annually on alcohol is $466. College students as a whole spend $5.5 billion on alcohol. This is more than they spend on books, soda, coffee, juice and milk combined.  Almost one-third of college students admit to having missed at least one class because of their alcohol or drug use, and nearly one- quarter of students report “bombing” a test or project because of the aftereffects of drinking or doing drugs.  One night of heavy drinking can impair your ability to think abstractly for up to 30 days, limiting your ability to relate textbook reading to what your professor says, or to think through a football play.  Students who binge drink are more likely to damage property, have trouble with authorities, miss classes, have hangovers, and experience injuries than those who do not.

16  To drink or not to drink should be a conscious choice made before the occasion arises.  Abstinence from alcohol is a safe and acceptable decision. It is ok not to drink.  The use of alcohol can be risky and is not essential for enjoying social events.  No one should feel pressured to drink or feel embarrassed because of a personal choice not to drink. Don’t allow yourself to fall prey to peer pressure.

17  If you choose to use alcohol, do so safely, legally, and responsibly. Set a limit for yourself before you start drinking. Space your drinks, alternate alcohol and nonalcoholic drinks Keep track of how much you’ve had. Never drink and drive or ride with someone who has been drinking Have a designated driver

18  Is all too often a common pattern of excessive alcohol use at parties fueled by peer pressure.  Many times occurs in the form of drinking contests, dares, bets, or guzzling beer.  In a recent U. S. college survey, nearly 50% of binge drinkers reported doing something they regretted while drunk.  Binge drinkers are more likely to drive drunk or ride with a driver who has been drinking.  Every year about 600,000 students between 18 and 24 are assaulted by someone who has been drinking.  The proportion of current drinkers that binge is highest in the 18 to 20 year old groups (52.1%).

19  Birath, CS, V DeMarinis, and Ba Klinteberg. "Moods And Expectancies Of Female Alcohol Drinking – An Exploratory Study." Scandinavian Journal Of Caring Sciences 24.3 (2010): 472-481. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.  Willis, Reda, E., Amy, E. Krichten, and Keith, D. Clancy. "Protocol Identifies Trauma Patients For At-Risk Drinking Behaviors Regardless Of Their Blood Alcohol Level." Journal Of Trauma Nursing 18.2 (2011): 68-72. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.  Rothman, Emily F., Judith Bernstein, and Lee Strunin. "Why Might Adverse Childhood Experiences Lead To Underage Drinking Among US Youth? Findings From An Emergency Department-Based Qualitative Pilot Study." Substance Use & Misuse 45.13 (2010): 2281-2290. Academic Search Premier. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.

20  Crawford, LA, and KB Novak. "Beliefs About Alcohol And The College Experience As Moderators Of The Effects Of Perceived Drinking Norms On Student Alcohol Use." Journal Of Alcohol & Drug Education 54.3 (2010): 69-86. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.  SM Griffiths, et al. "University Binge Drinking Patterns And Changes In Patterns Of Alcohol Consumption Among Chinese Undergraduates In A Hong Kong University." Journal Of American College Health 58.3 (2009): 255-265. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.  L Pulkkinen, et al. "A Developmental Approach To Alcohol Drinking Behaviour In Adulthood: A Follow-Up Study From Age 8 To Age 42." Addiction 103.(2008): 48-68. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 30 Nov. 2011.

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