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Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon John Shakespeare.

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Presentation on theme: "Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon John Shakespeare."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet

2 Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon John Shakespeare (father) John Shakespeare (father) tanner, glover, dealer in grain tanner, glover, dealer in grain town official (alderman, and later mayor) town official (alderman, and later mayor) Mary (mother) Mary (mother) daughter of Robert Arden, a prosperous gentleman-farmer. daughter of Robert Arden, a prosperous gentleman-farmer.

3 Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 Three children born: Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet Three children born: Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet By 1590, he was an actor and playwright By 1590, he was an actor and playwright Leader of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men and the King’s Men Leader of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men and the King’s Men died April 23, 1616 died April 23, 1616

4 Shakespeare: A Brief Biography He was buried in Stratford; the inscription on his tombstone reads... He was buried in Stratford; the inscription on his tombstone reads...

5 Shakespeare: A Brief Biography “Good Friend, for Jesus’ sake, forbear To dig the dust enclosed here; Blest be the man that spares these stones And curst be he that moves my bones.”

6 Best Known For… 37 plays, including Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, Julius Caesar, Midsummer Night’s Dream, and of course, Romeo and Juliet 37 plays, including Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, Julius Caesar, Midsummer Night’s Dream, and of course, Romeo and Juliet The exact year in which William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet is unknown, but it is definitely one of his earlier works, and one of only two tragedies written in the period from 1590 to 1595 The exact year in which William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet is unknown, but it is definitely one of his earlier works, and one of only two tragedies written in the period from 1590 to poems, all written in the same style, known as The Shakespearean Sonnet 155 poems, all written in the same style, known as The Shakespearean Sonnet

7 The Shakespearean Sonnet 14 lines 14 lines Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Iambic pentameter Iambic pentameter The last two lines are a rhyming couplet The last two lines are a rhyming couplet Shakespeare’s plays are also written in couplets and iambic pentameter, except for when the servants or comical characters speak. There are even sonnets in his plays. Shakespeare’s plays are also written in couplets and iambic pentameter, except for when the servants or comical characters speak. There are even sonnets in his plays.

8 All the World’s a Stage… Shakespeare wrote hundreds of poems, but he is best known for his plays. The playwright develops a story through dialogue, monologues, and staging. The director helps actors perform the play the way it was intended.

9 The Globe Theater

10 He wrote his plays to be performed in the Globe Theater. He wrote his plays to be performed in the Globe Theater. It was built in 1599 and burned down 14 years later in It was built in 1599 and burned down 14 years later in It was an 8 sided building with a central yard. It was an 8 sided building with a central yard.

11 The Globe Theater Spectators’ price of admissions was Spectators’ price of admissions was one penny - to stand in yard around stage (these were called the groundlings) one penny - to stand in yard around stage (these were called the groundlings) two pennies - to sit in 2nd and 3rd floor galleries two pennies - to sit in 2nd and 3rd floor galleries three pennies - to sit in the first floor galleries three pennies - to sit in the first floor galleries

12 The Globe Theater Stage Stage 1/3 of yard was filled with 6ft high platform 1/3 of yard was filled with 6ft high platform no curtain no curtain no artificial lighting no artificial lighting back wall had at least two doors back wall had at least two doors balcony was used for hilltops, walls of cities, or second story scenes. balcony was used for hilltops, walls of cities, or second story scenes. trapdoors were used to raise or lower actors and props. trapdoors were used to raise or lower actors and props.

13 The Globe Theater Take a tour of the new Globe Theater.... Take a tour of the new Globe Theater.... Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

14 Romeo and Juliet The plot was based on a fourteenth- century Italian short story, or novella, written by Matteo Bandello, that included elements of history, tradition, romance, and fable. The plot was based on a fourteenth- century Italian short story, or novella, written by Matteo Bandello, that included elements of history, tradition, romance, and fable. Both the short story and the play bear many similarities to the myth of Pyramus and Thisbe from ancient Greece Both the short story and the play bear many similarities to the myth of Pyramus and Thisbe from ancient Greece

15 Review of Important Literary Terms Plot (exposition, rising action – including internal and external conflict, climax, falling action, resolution) Plot (exposition, rising action – including internal and external conflict, climax, falling action, resolution) Characterization (round, flat, dynamic, static, protagonist, antagonist) Characterization (round, flat, dynamic, static, protagonist, antagonist) Foreshadowing Foreshadowing Epithet Epithet Irony (situational, dramatic, verbal) Irony (situational, dramatic, verbal) Figurative language (including hyperbole, simile, metaphor, personification, etc) Figurative language (including hyperbole, simile, metaphor, personification, etc) Imagery Imagery

16 New Terms We Need to Know: Foil~ a secondary character who has enough in common to serve as a contrast to point out traits of a primary character Foil~ a secondary character who has enough in common to serve as a contrast to point out traits of a primary character Example: Who would be Atticus’s foil? Pun~A play on two words similar in sound but different in meaning. Pun~A play on two words similar in sound but different in meaning. Example: I work as a baker because I knead dough. See punoftheday.com Oxymoron~ term formed by joining words that seem to contradict one another Oxymoron~ term formed by joining words that seem to contradict one another Example: deafening silence, bittersweet

17 Extended Metaphor~ metaphor extended throughout a stanza or an entire poem, usually by using multiple comparisons between the unlike objects or ideas (also called conceit) Extended Metaphor~ metaphor extended throughout a stanza or an entire poem, usually by using multiple comparisons between the unlike objects or ideas (also called conceit) Couplet~ Two lines -the second line immediately following the first- of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme Couplet~ Two lines -the second line immediately following the first- of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme Enjambment~ running over from one line to the next without a pause / punctuation break Enjambment~ running over from one line to the next without a pause / punctuation break Shakespearean Sonnet~ 14 line poem with an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme Shakespearean Sonnet~ 14 line poem with an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme Iambic Pentameter~ see later handout Iambic Pentameter~ see later handout Blank Verse~ see later handout Blank Verse~ see later handout

18 Aside~a short passage spoken by one character to the audience while the other actors on stage pretend their characters cannot hear the speaker's words. Aside~a short passage spoken by one character to the audience while the other actors on stage pretend their characters cannot hear the speaker's words. Tragedy~ a narrative about serious and important actions that ends unhappily (usually w/ the deaths of the main characters). Tragedy~ a narrative about serious and important actions that ends unhappily (usually w/ the deaths of the main characters). Soliloquy~ a speech that a character gives to himself – no other characters are onstage Soliloquy~ a speech that a character gives to himself – no other characters are onstage Dialogue~ lines spoken between characters Dialogue~ lines spoken between characters Monologue~ a speech that a character gives alone – but others may be onstage Monologue~ a speech that a character gives alone – but others may be onstage Stage Directions~ parts of the script written by the playwright as unspoken directions for the characters Stage Directions~ parts of the script written by the playwright as unspoken directions for the characters

19 CHARACTERS The MontaguesThe Capulets Lord MontagueLord Capulet Lady Montaguelady Capulet Benvolio, nephew Juliet, daughter Romeo, sonTybalt, nephew ServantsNurse (Juliet’s nanny) Servants The Others: Mercutio, Romeo’s best friend Escalus, Prince of Verona Paris, count of Verona Friar Lawrence, spiritual leader of Verona Friar John, friend of Friar Lawrence Apothecary

20 Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is as much about hate as love Romeo and Juliet is as much about hate as love Although Romeo and Juliet is considered one of the world’s greatest love stories, it can be argued that the love story is only a vehicle for the resolution of the story about hate, that is, the feud between the two families. Although Romeo and Juliet is considered one of the world’s greatest love stories, it can be argued that the love story is only a vehicle for the resolution of the story about hate, that is, the feud between the two families.

21 Themes in Romeo and Juliet Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. Unit Essential Question: How can literature explore universal themes of love and loss?

22 Themes in Romeo and Juliet 1. The Forcefulness of Love and Attraction Focus on romantic love Focus on romantic love Nature of infatuation vs. lasting love Nature of infatuation vs. lasting love Love is blind (for better and worse) Love is blind (for better and worse) Love as overpowering force Love as overpowering force Family Family Friends Friends Can lead to violence Can lead to violence

23 Themes in Romeo and Juliet 2. The Individual Versus Society Romeo and Juliet against... Romeo and Juliet against... Family Family Law Law Religion Religion Honor Honor

24 Themes in Romeo and Juliet 3. The Inevitability of Fate Straight path or series of crossroads? Straight path or series of crossroads? “Star-crossed Lovers” “Star-crossed Lovers” Feud Feud Series of Unfortunate Events Series of Unfortunate Events Bad Timing Bad Timing

25 Themes in Romeo and Juliet 3. The Generation Gap ~ Parents just don’t understand ~ Youth is pure

26 Prologue CHORUS : In the beautiful city of Verona, where our story takes place, a long-standing hatred between two families erupts into new violence, and citizens stain their hands with the blood of their fellow citizens. Two unlucky children of these enemy families become lovers and commit suicide. Their unfortunate deaths put an end to their parents' feud. For the next two hours, we will watch the story of their doomed love and their parents' anger, which nothing but the children's deaths could stop. If you listen to us patiently, we'll make up for everything we've left out in this prologue onstage.


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