Presentation on theme: "RI 8.8 Delineate – to clearly show or identify something precisely. Evaluate – to judge the value or condition of something in a thoughtful, meaningful."— Presentation transcript:
Delineate – to clearly show or identify something precisely. Evaluate – to judge the value or condition of something in a thoughtful, meaningful way Relevant – closely connected to the meaning at hand, appropriate for the argument Irrelevant – not connected to the meaning; inappropriate or not essential to the argument
The claim: this is the argument boiled down to a sentence or so. Thesis statements, those time-tested linchpins of formulaic essays, are claims. The evidence: this is what backs up your argument. The reasoning: this is the connection from the evidence to the claim.
If you are trying to argue that obesity in the USA is a national crisis, one area you would discuss is the economic impact. You might cite evidence indicating how much heart disease costs the American taxpayer. To effectively use this evidence, you would need to include reasoning that clearly shows heart disease has a strong connection to obesity.
The rebuttal: a good argument somehow “names its naysayers” by addressing opponents. Effective rebuttals are respectful; they accurately depict the other side, and then they either disagree entirely or they make limited concessions (admitting the other side has some logical benefits).
So, in our example, the writer should address people who say obesity is NOT a national crisis. The writer addresses: ◦ The opposite argument stating their claims and evidence ◦ Provides a counter argument to show how the evidence is incorrect or irrelevant
What claim is the author making? What evidence does the author use to support his/her claim? What reasoning does the author give for using this evidence? How does the author handle opposing views?
Is the author’s claim clear? Does the author’s tone lend itself to credibility? How about fanaticism? How about boredom? Is the evidence used strong enough? Does the evidence really prove the author’s claim, or is he/she stretching? Does the author acknowledge naysayers? Is he/she respectful toward them? Does he/she accurately represent their side?
Resource Managers: ◦ Gather a bar graph in a plastic sleeve ◦ One piece of poster paper ◦ One marker Note Managers: ◦ Please record the answers to the Delienating and Evaluating questions on to the poster sheet Speaking Managers: ◦ Be prepared to share out your group’s findings at the end of the activity
I will read the article, “Some Animals are more Equal than Others” to you as a class You will read the article a second time, taking notes (annotations) in your notebook Answer the Delineating and Evaluating questions on a separate sheet of paper Provide a summary at the end answering this question: ◦ Does the author clearly support their argument? Why or why not?