Learn the parts of a program window. Sharpen your mouse skills. Open and close programs. Use tabs & ribbons to give commands. Minimize, maximize, restore, and resize windows. Switch between open programs.
Windows opens programs in separate windows on the desktop. Open windows are similar to each other. Title Bar – Tells the name of the program and may show the name of the open file Tabs/Ribbons – Provide access to commands and options Control Buttons – Control size and look of program window (Minimize, Maximize, and Restore) Status Bar – Provides helpful messages Quick Access Toolbar – Provides quick access to commonly used commands Scroll Bars – Allow you to move other parts of the file into the viewing area Working Area – Allows you to enter or change data Resize Handle – Allows you to change the window size
Title Bar Tabs Working Area Status Bar Scroll Bars Control Buttons Resize Handle Ribbon Quick Access Toolbar
The mouse is a hovering and pointing device. Just like a spaceship hovers above the surface of a planet, a mouse can hover on any part of the screen. After you move your mouse into position, you can use it to give commands. The mouse has been the main pointing device on computers for many years. Today, many people use a digital pen in addition to a mouse. These pens are used on Tablet PCs, PDAs, and digital tablets. Laptop users can also use trackpads. Fortunately, if you know how to use your mouse, pens and trackpads will be easier to learn.
To use a mouse, slide it over the surface of your desk or mouse pad. This way you can hover over any spot on the screen. After positioning the pointer, you can: Left-click. Used to select something. Double-click. Often needed to open an application Click and drag. Move windows and other objects around the screen. Right-click. Open pop-up menus.
The mouse pointer changes shape when you hover over different parts of a window. Each shape will give you a different clue. This clue will tell you what you can do while hovering on a certain spot. These shapes are also available for trackpad and digital pen users. You will use your mouse as you open, close, and resize programs.
Arrow pointer. Tells you where the mouse is located as you hover across the screen. Two-sided arrow. Tells you when you’re hovering over a resizing handle or window border. Vertical bar. Appears in areas where you can enter words or numbers. Pointing hand. Appears where there is a link you can click. Tells you to wait as Windows catches up and finishes following your instructions. Pen. Used for handwriting recognition. Four-sided arrow. Lets you know when you’re hovering over an object that can be moved.
A program such as Paint can be opened in different ways. If the program has an icon on the desktop, you can click or tap the icon to open it. If the program is listed on the Start menu, you can click its name to open it. You can also open a program by choosing it from the All Programs list from the Start menu.
You can close an open program in different ways. You can click the Close control button. You can choose Close from the Control menu. You can also choose a command such as Close or Exit from the File tab menu. You will practice opening and closing programs in the following activities.
Tabs File Tab Menu Groups Dialog Box Launcher Command Buttons Minimize/Expand Ribbon Help
Program windows can be made different sizes and placed in different areas of the screen. You may want to size or move windows when you have two or more programs open at once. To move a window, click the title bar and drag the window to where you want it. To resize a window, click and drag the resize handle in the bottom-right corner of the window.
You can also “hide” a window by sending it to the taskbar. This is called minimizing the window. When you minimize a window, the program is not closed. It is simply moved off the screen. You minimize a window by clicking its Minimize button. To bring the window back to the screen, you can click the open program button on the taskbar. To make the window fill the entire screen, you can click the Maximize button. To restore a window to its previous size, you can click the Restore button.