Presentation on theme: "Poetry. Form The distinctive way a poem is laid out on the page is called the poem’s form. This includes the length & placement of the lines. In some."— Presentation transcript:
Form The distinctive way a poem is laid out on the page is called the poem’s form. This includes the length & placement of the lines. In some poems the lines are arranged in groups, called stanzas.
Rhyme Rhyme is a likeness of sounds at the ends of words, as in suite, heat and complete. Internal rhyme is the use of rhyming words within a line. End rhyme is the use of rhyming words at the ends of lines.
Rhyme Scheme The pattern formed by the rhymes at the end of the lines. To describe a rhyme scheme, you can assign each line a letter of the alphabet, starting with the letter A for the first line and assigning lines that rhyme the same letter. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? A Thou art more lovely and more temperate: B Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, A And summer's lease hath all too short a date: B
Sound Devices Alliteration-a repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words Ex:“The b reakers were right b eneath her b ows.” Assonance-a repetition of vowel sounds in nonrhyming words Ex: “Some sh i p in d i stress, that cannot l i ve.”
Sound Devices (cont’d) Consonance-a repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words Ex: “But the father answe r e d never a wo rd.” Onomatopoeia-the use of words that sound like what they refer to, like buzz, hiss, crunch, and thump.
Speaker The speaker of a poem is the voice that relates the ideas or story of the poem. Remember that the speaker is not necessarily the poet.
Figurative Language and Imagery Figurative language conveys meanings beyond the literal meanings of the words. Imagery is language that appeals to the reader’s sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch. Ex: “He wrapped her warm in his seaman’s coat/Against the stinging blast ”
Personification A type of figurative language in which animals, inanimate objects or ideas are given human qualities. Ex: “The teakettle ordered us back to the kitchen.” “the wind’s gentle cry”
Similes and Metaphors Are kinds of figurative language involving comparisons between things that have something in common. Simile-a comparison indicated by the word like or as Ex: “Strong as a boulder” “My life is like an open book.” Metaphor-a more direct comparison with no signal word Ex: “This room is a war zone” “Jealousy is a green-eyed monster”