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Community Impacts Environmental Justice Public Involvement Categorical Exclusion Training Class.

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Presentation on theme: "Community Impacts Environmental Justice Public Involvement Categorical Exclusion Training Class."— Presentation transcript:

1 Community Impacts Environmental Justice Public Involvement Categorical Exclusion Training Class

2 Community Impacts Categorical Exclusion Training Class 2

3 Community Impacts Regional & Community Factors  Discuss positive and negative impacts  Redistribution of or increase/decrease of population  Induced changes in land use/density  Changes expected or anticipated  Consistent with local land use plans/zoning  Include any applicable MPO plans Categorical Exclusion Training Class 3

4 Community Impacts Neighborhood Factors  Effect upon interaction among persons or groups  Local public community center removed  Effect upon social relationships/patterns  Effect upon property values Categorical Exclusion Training Class 4

5 Community Impacts Public Facilities & Services  Health Centers  Education  Public Utilities  Fire, Police, EMS  Religious Institutions  Public Transit  Projects that alleviate event congestion  Lane Avenue Bridge - Ohio Stadium  Fort Washington Way - Stadium Access Categorical Exclusion Training Class 5

6 Community Impacts Public Facilities & Services  Impact upon the ability of a business or service organization to provide adequate services  Removing a hole from an 18 hole golf course  Removing 10 parking spaces from a restaurant  Relocation of a public facility Categorical Exclusion Training Class 6

7 Community Impacts Resources  MPOs  Local Governments  Social Service Organizations/Agencies  Meals on Wheels  Libraries  Stakeholders  American Trucking Association  Civic Organizations  Chambers of Commerce  Convention and Visitors Bureau Categorical Exclusion Training Class 7

8 Community Impacts Data Collection & Activities  Field Observations  Census Bureau Data  Aerial Maps  Public Involvement Activities  Local and/or Community Leaders and Residents  Ohio Department of Development  Community Impact Assessment: Quick Reference for Transportation Categorical Exclusion Training Class 8

9 Online CE - Community Impacts Tab 9 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

10 Online CE - Community Impacts Tab Categorical Exclusion Training Class 10

11 Online CE - Community Impacts Tab Categorical Exclusion Training Class 11

12 Environmental Justice Categorical Exclusion Training Class

13 Definition o Environmental Justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. (USEPA) Categorical Exclusion Training Class 13

14 Environmental Justice o The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion or national origin o Executive Order #12898 (1994) amplified Title VI of the Civil Rights Act Focus on Minority & added Low Income Required each federal agency to address Environmental Justice in their programs Categorical Exclusion Training Class 14

15 EJ Guidance o ODOT-OES developed guidance that was released on 9/20/2012 o Impacts Determine whether or not project will have a disproportionately high and adverse impact to Environmental Justice populations Categorical Exclusion Training Class 15

16 EJ Guidance o Begin with census data Use Block Group data o Use USEPA’s EJ View o Contact local MPO, Community Leaders, Stakeholders o Engage EJ populations in Public Involvement o Field Observations Do not conduct windshield surveys Categorical Exclusion Training Class 16

17 EJ View o Maintained by the USEPA o 2010 Census minority population o 2000 Census low income/below poverty o Block Group percentages o Used to determine if Block Group Data is greater than or less than 40 % o May have multiple block groups within project area or study area o Draw box around project area or study area Categorical Exclusion Training Class 17

18 EJ View Mapping Categorical Exclusion Training Class 18

19 EJ View Mapping Categorical Exclusion Training Class 19

20 Remarks Example (If populations present are less than 40%) The proposed project will have no disproportionately high and adverse impacts to minority or low income populations based upon the table above and the attached mapping. No Environmental Justice issues were raised as a result of public involvement activities conducted as part of the proposed project. Therefore, in accordance with the protections of Executive Order and FHWA Order A, no further Environmental Justice analysis is required. Categorical Exclusion Training Class 20

21 EJ Guidance o If Block Group Data is 40% or greater Answer questions in Online CE May require Environmental Justice Analysis Report Set of 4 Questions, each with sub questions Categorical Exclusion Training Class 21

22 Online CE – EJ Tab Categorical Exclusion Training Class 22

23 Online CE EJ Questions Categorical Exclusion Training Class 23

24 Online CE EJ Questions Categorical Exclusion Training Class 24

25 Online CE EJ Questions Categorical Exclusion Training Class 25

26 Online CE EJ Questions Categorical Exclusion Training Class 26

27 Remarks Example (If populations present are 40% or greater and no EJ Analysis Report is required) The proposed project will have no disproportionately high and adverse impacts to minority or low income populations based upon the above table, the attached mapping and the answers to the questions above. No Environmental Justice issues were raised as a result of public involvement activities conducted as part of the proposed project. Therefore, in accordance with the protections of Executive Order and FHWA Order , no further Environmental Justice analysis is required. Categorical Exclusion Training Class 27

28 EJ Analysis Report o Outline Project Description Purpose and Need Statement EJ Data Impacts to EJ populations Avoidance, Minimization or Mitigation Measures Public Involvement Summary Include a conclusion of whether or not there are disproportionately high and adverse effects and why/why not. o Reviewed by District, ODOT-OES and FHWA o OES issues Concurrence IOC/ Categorical Exclusion Training Class 28

29 Remarks (If populations present are 40% or greater and EJ Analysis Report is required) o Discuss summary of EJ Analysis Report Include census data (block group) for minority and low income populations within project area Discuss Impacts to EJ Populations Discuss Avoidance, Minimization or Mitigation measures State whether or not project will have disproportionately high and adverse impact to EJ populations Categorical Exclusion Training Class 29

30 Online CE Project File/Part of CE o Maps of EJ population groups (minority and low- income) by census block group o EJ Analysis Report (if required) o OES concurrence IOC/ Categorical Exclusion Training Class 30

31 Public Involvement Public NotificationPublic Involvement Categorical Exclusion Training Class 31

32 Why Public Involvement?  Required by state and federal regulations  Allows for the exchange of ideas with a listen, learn, share approach  Identifies community needs and desires  Identifies existing transportation issues not known/discovered by ODOT  Builds support  Bolsters and refines the decision-making process 32 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

33 Benefits of Public Involvement  Instills two-way communication  Conducted early and often during project development  Encourages and stimulates proactive engagement  Provides outreach that can range from property owner notification and press releases to open houses and formal public hearings  Large, complex projects will have a formal PI Plan  Commensurate with type & complexity of project 33 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

34 Public Involvement Plan  Developed early  Planning Phase of PDP  Identifies stakeholders  Interested parties  Government officials, elected leaders  Civic leaders  Identifies best methods to engage public  How the message will be delivered  Identifies project team  Project Timeline 34 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

35 Public Meetings  Open house format  Public hearing format  Open mic  Complex CE 3, CE 4, EA, EIS projects  Opportunity to receive public feedback  The public does not vote on alternatives presented 35 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

36 Public Comments  Public given the opportunity to comment  Comments must be responded to  Discuss how each comment was addressed 36 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

37 Documentation  Stakeholder meetings  Public Meetings  Publicity  Information Presented  Group or Summarize Comments Received  Disposition of Comments  Response to Comments  Media Coverage  Press Releases, Newsletters 37 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

38 Resources  PI Guidance and Publications  FHWA  Public Involvement Techniques for Transportation Decision-Making   ODOT’s PI Manual 38 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

39 Remarks  Briefly summarize PI activities, public meeting (if any) and info presented  List date(s) of meeting(s) held  Stakeholder Meetings, Workshops, etc.  Briefly describe efforts to include EJ populations  Number of attendees  Comments received and disposition 39 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

40 Example 40 A public meeting was held on May 29, 2005, at the City of Cambridge Public Library. An announcement was published in the local papers with wide distribution in the project area, including The Herald and The Monitor on May 24, Letters were mailed to residents and businesses within a ½ mile of the project area. The letters included an announcement of the public meeting, project details and a map of the project area, and a comment form. The meeting was held in an open house format which allowed the public to review project information boards and discuss the project with staff from the city, ODOT, and XYZ Consultant. Eight people attended the meeting. No written comments were received at the meeting or during the two week public comment period which followed the meeting. See Attachments for a copy of the flyer and notation of the comment. Categorical Exclusion Training Class

41 Online CE – PI Tab 41 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

42 Online CE – PI Tab 42 Categorical Exclusion Training Class

43 Online CE Project File/Part of CE  Property Owner Notification Letters  List of addressees  Meeting invitations/announcements  Posters/flyers  Meeting hand-outs  Meeting sign-in sheets  Newspaper articles and/or ads  Meeting summaries  Website postings for comment  Comments received and their disposition 43 Categorical Exclusion Training Class


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