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Rome Ch. 6 Republic A form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders.

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Presentation on theme: "Rome Ch. 6 Republic A form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Rome Ch. 6

3 Republic A form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders.

4 Senate The aristocratic branch of Rome’s government which had both legislative and administrative functions.

5 Julius Caesar A Roman military leader who became a popular absolute ruler and instituted reforms.

6 Augustus Unchallenged ruler, known as the “exalted one” who stabilized Rome’s frontier and set up a civil service

7 Jesus Carpenter and preacher born in Bethlehem (about 6 to 4 B.C.) whose teachings led to a new religion.

8 Constantine The Roman emperor who credited a battle victory to help from the Christian god; he ended the persecution of the Christians.

9 Inflation A drastic drop in the value of money accompanied by a rise in prices.

10 Greco-Roman Culture A culture that mixed elements of Greek, Hellenistic and Roman culture: often called classical civilization.

11 Patricians In the early Roman republic, the group of wealthy landowners who inherited most of the power.

12 Plebeians Common farmers, artisans, and merchants, who were the majority of the population in the Roman republic.

13 Legion Large military unit in the Roman army that was made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers supported by a calvary.

14 Punic Wars A series of wars between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 B.C.

15 Hannibal A brilliant strategist he led his army and 60 elephants across the Alps to avenge Carthage’s first defeat by Rome.

16 Triumvirate A group of 3 rulers for 10 years Julius Caesar was part of one.

17 Pax Romana The period of peace and prosperity in Rome that began in 27 B.C. and lasted for 207 years.

18 Diaspora The exile of the Jews that began in A.D. 70 after Jerusalem fell to the Romans and the Jewish temple was destroyed.

19 Mercenary A foreign soldier who will fight for money; in Rome, such a soldier felt little loyalty to the empire.

20 Constantinople Originally called Byzantium, the city in the East that became the new capital of the Roman Empire in A.D. 330.

21 Virgil A poet who wrote the most famous epic Latin poem, the Aeneid in praise of Rome and Roman virtues.

22 Aqueduct A structure designed by the Romans to bring water to cities and towns; it used arches to span rivers.


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