2 Forms of ControlEuropean countries demanded influence over the economic, political and social lives of the people in AfricaThey wanted to shape Africa in a way that would benefit European economiesThey also wanted Africans to adopt European customs
3 Forms of Control Europeans developed four forms of colonial control ColonyProtectorateSphere of influenceEconomic imperialism
4 ColonyColony- A country or territory governed internally by a foreign powerExample- Somaliland in East Africa was a French colony. Before independence the U.S. was a British colony
5 ProtectorateProtectorate-A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside powerExample- Britain established a protectorate over the Niger river Delta
6 Sphere of InfluenceSphere of Influence- An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment and trading rightsExample-Liberia was under the sphere of influence of the U.S.
7 Economic ImperialismEconomic Imperialism- An independent but less developed country controlled by private businesses rather than governmentsExample- The Dole Fruit Company controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii
8 Imperial Management Methods Indirect ControlLocal government officials usedLimited self ruleGoal- to develop future leadersGovernments are based on European style but have local leadersDirect ControlForeign officials are brought in to ruleNo self-ruleGoal-assimilationGovernment is based only on European style
9 Imperial Management Methods Indirect Control allowed that country to have some independenceDirect Control expected to control everythingThese countries believed that Africans were unable to handle running their countryThey established policies of paternalism and assimilation
10 paternalism and assimilation paternalism- governing people like children. Providing for their needs but not giving them rightsassimilation- based on the idea that local populations would adopt European culture and become like the Europeans. This view regarded African culture as inferior
11 Assignment 1. In what areas did Europeans want to influence Africa? 2. What were the four manage methods used to control African nations?3. Choose two of these methods and explain them. Also provide an example of each.4. Differentiate between direct and indirect control of a country.5. Define paternalism and assimilation.