Presentation on theme: "The Art of Literary Analysis"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Art of Literary Analysis COMMENTARYThe Art of Literary Analysis
2 Commentary includes: Analysis of text Personal response Content Theme StyleStructureLanguagePersonal response
3 Close ReadingThe art of paying attention to the details of language
4 Skills You Will Need to Develop To read and make sense of a textTo recognize important features quicklyTo apply your own literary understanding rather than ideas you have read or been taught
5 To know about “how writers write” in terms of style and structure To understand how writers use language to create different effects according to audience and purposeTo organize your ideas
6 Strategy for Analysis What is the text about? (subject or theme) Whose voice do you hear? (speaker)Is it written in third person or first person?Is it the voice of the author?To whom is the text addressed?What is the situation?
7 What is the structure of the piece? What ideas are embedded “below the surface” of the text?Author’s aims and purposes?Signs of irony or satire?What is the writer’s tone of voice?Is there an atmosphere or feeling which pervades the piece?
8 What kinds of visual images or “word-pictures” does the text present Simile; MetaphorWhat individual words and phrases does the author use? (diction)What sound effects are present? (rhyme, rhythm)Are sentences flowing or jerky? (long or short)Does the rhythm change?What is the effect?
9 Conclusion--An overview of the the text How do all the effects and details come together to create a whole piece of writing?Do content and style complement each other?What has your reading contributed to your understanding of the subject?Does it offer a way of looking at things which you had not considered before?
10 Planning Strategies Read the text through several times Underline key words and phrasesLook for underlying meaningsAnnotate the textNote your responses to the effects created by specific words and phrasesList key pointsOrganize them in a logical order
11 Embedding quotations State the point you wish to make Follow with your quotationMake sure the context of quotation is clearBriefly explain the situation or who is speaking to whomFollow with the page number in parenthesis (89)Analyze the quotation in detailComment on individual words or phrasesExplain how and why used and with what effect
12 StepsGive the context and overall impressionCite the passageAnalyze the passage in detailConclusion relating overall impression to theme