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The Financial Aid Process 2014-2015 Presented by: Patty Taylor Director of Financial Aid Lakeland College.

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Presentation on theme: "The Financial Aid Process 2014-2015 Presented by: Patty Taylor Director of Financial Aid Lakeland College."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Financial Aid Process Presented by: Patty Taylor Director of Financial Aid Lakeland College

2 Financial Aid Topics for tonight How to Apply for Financial Aid FAFSA, other forms and documentation How is Financial Aid Determined? Budget, EFC, Financial Need Types and Sources of Financial Aid Federal, State, Miscellaneous Award Letter Extras – Timetable – Special Circumstances – Tax Benefits – Contact Information

3 How to Apply for Financial Aid Complete the Free application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) FAFSA on the Web (FOTW) worksheets Paper FAFSA’s can be obtained by calling fed-aid ( ) Complete any other forms the financial aid office may requireother forms

4 FAFSA on the Web

5 Beginning the FAFSA Opening page when selecting “Start FAFSA”

6 Documents Needed to complete FAFSA 2013 Federal Taxes—with 2 weeks after electronic submission of taxes, on the FAFSA you should be able to pull the data in through the IRS Data Retrieval Tool. W’2’s Untaxed Income information Bank Statement Asset Values Driver’s License Social Security Number

7 FAFSA Sections Student Biographical Information Student Dependency Status Parent Information Student Information Colleges and Housing Signature Page and Submission

8 Student Biolog ical Data LEGAL NAME as listed on the Birth Certificate Address Citizenship Social Security Number Driver’s License Male/Female—Selective Service Drug Conviction Biological Parent’s Highest Grade level

9 Student Dependency Status Born Before January 1, 1991 Married Master’s Degree Active Duty Veteran Have Children that are supported by you Parent’s Deceased Legal guardianship Homelessness

10 Parent General Information Last Name First Initial SSN Date of Birth Marital Status State of Legal Residence Number in the Household Number in College

11 Parent Financial Information Benefits from Federal Programs Filing Status Type of return filed or filing Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) – (‘help’ with tell you exactly which line on the 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ) Taxes Paid – (‘help’ with tell you exactly which line on the 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ) Income earned from work for Parent 1 and Parent 2

12 Parent Financial Information cont. Education Credit Child Support Paid Tax deferred pensions (401k’s or 403b’s) – (W2 boxes 12a,b,c,d,e,f g,h,s) Child Support Received Distributions from IRA or Pensions Other Income

13 Parent Financial Information Cont Balance of Cash, Savings, Checking Net Worth of Investments – Real estate (not the home you reside in), trust funds, UGMA and UTMA accounts, money market funds, mutual funds, CD’s stocks, stock options, bonds, other securities, installments on land sale contracts, commodities – Qualified educational benefits or education savings accounts (e.g., Coverdell savings accounts The refund value of 529 prepaid tuition plans)

14 Parent Assets continued Do not include – Home you live in, value of life insurance, retirement plans (401K, 403B) plans, pension funds, annuities, non- education IRA’s, Keogh plans, etc) or cash, savings and checking accounts already reported under cash, savings, and checking. – UGMA and UTMA accounts for which you are the custodian but not the owner. Investment Value means the current balance or market value of these investments as of today.

15 Parent Assets Continued Business or Farm Value – Include the market value of land, buildings, machinery, equipment, inventory etc. Business and/or investment farm debt means only those debts for which the business or investment farm was used as collateral. – Do not include a business if your family owns and controls 50 percent of the business and the farm or business has fewer than 100 full-time equivalent employees – Do not include the value of a family farm that you and (your spouse, and/or your parents) live on and operate.

16 Student Financial Information Benefits from Federal Programs Filing Status Type of return filed or filing Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) (‘help’ with tell you exactly which line on the 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ) Taxes Paid (‘help’ with tell you exactly which line on the 1040, 1040A, 1040EZ) Income earned from work for Student (and/or Spouse)

17 Student Financial Information cont. Education Credit Child Support Paid Taxable Earnings from Federal Work Study Tax deferred pensions (401k’s or 403b’s) – (W2 boxes 12a,b,c,d,e,f g,h,s) Child Support Received Distributions from IRA or Pensions Other Income

18 Student Financial Information Cont Balance of Cash, Savings, Checking Net Worth of Investments – Real estate (not the home you reside in), trust funds, UGMA and UTMA accounts, money market funds, mutual funds, CD’s stocks, stock options, bonds, other securities, installments on land sale contracts, commodities – Qualified educational benefits or education savings accounts (e.g., Coverdell savings accounts The refund value of 529 prepaid tuition plans)

19 Student Assets continued Do not include – Home you live in, value of life insurance, retirement plans (401K, 403B) plans, pension funds, annuities, non- education IRA’s, Keogh plans, etc) or cash, savings and checking accounts already reported under cash, savings, and checking. – UGMA and UTMA accounts for which you are the custodian but not the owner. Investment Value means the current balance or market value of these investments as of today.

20 Student Assets Continued Business or Farm Value – Include the market value of land, buildings, machinery, equipment, inventory etc. Business and/or investment farm debt means only those debts for which the business or investment farm was used as collateral. – Do not include a business if your family owns and controls 50 percent of the business and the farm or business has fewer than 100 full-time equivalent employees – Do not include the value of a family farm that you and (your spouse, and/or your parents) live on and operate.

21 Colleges and Housing List up to ten colleges – Search for the school code – List WI schools first. Only the first four will be included on the State lists to the colleges.

22 IRS Data Retrieval Tool (DRT) Allows the federal tax data to be linked from the IRS data base to the FAFSA If filed electronically the taxes, two week lag time, if filed by mail 4 week lag time If owe taxes the IRS DRT is delayed and not available as quickly. Typically it is after the 15 th of April. Not Available for Amended Tax Filers DO NOT change any of the data that was transferred through the IRS DRT process

23 Signature Page Personal Identification Number (PIN) – Student needs a number – A Parent needs a number You must mark the oval to agree to the statement on the page. Can print the signature but the processing will take longer Must submit the FAFSA and actually received a confirmation page

24 PIN Registration Web site: For student and parent Not required, but speeds processing May be used throughout financial aid process

25 Frequent FAFSA Errors Parent & student social security numbers Divorced/remarried parental information Income earned by parents/stepparents Untaxed income U.S. income taxes paid Household size Number of household members in college Real estate & investment net worth

26 The Corrections on the Web Talk with a financial aid office regarding corrections. Some corrections are required to be made while others may not be. If you marked “will file” for taxes you will be required to submit corrections.

27 What Happens After the FAFSA is Submitted? Student receives an that the FAFSA is processed within 3-5 days if PIN’s are used. All colleges listed on the FAFSA should receive an electronic copy A paper Student Aid Report is generated only if the FAFSA was completed on paper and an address was not entered.

28 Additional Forms Additional forms (these may not be required for everyone) – Financial aid application – Signed copies of 2013 federal tax returns transcripts for Parent’s and Student IRS DRT fulfills this requirement By Phone On line at under tools “Order a Tax Return Transcript or Account Transcript—for amended tax files onlywww.irs.gov Paper request—download form 4506T-EZ from the website – W-2’s – Verification worksheet (maybe different for each college) – Social security card – Selective service card (https://www4.sss.gov/regver/Register1.asp)https://www4.sss.gov/regver/Register1.asp File should be complete for an award to be determined

29 The Award Letter Lists each source of assistance Gives you the right to accept or decline any type of aid May need to be signed and returned to the Financial Aid Office Many colleges have the award letter available on-line.

30 Award Letter is Accepted. What’s Next? If the student accepted a loan, the necessary promissory notes need to be completed at Students borrowing for the first time through the federal programs must complete Entrance Counseling. Students should keep copies of the loan application, award letters, and disclosure statements Be there to help you son/daughters. Many have never borrowed money and need guidance determining which loan program is best for them. 10 days prior to the term, we are allowed to disburse financial aid funds to a students account.

31 What is Financial Aid? Financial aid is money a student receives to help the student and family pay for educational expenses.

32 Types of Financial Aid Grants—Money not paid back Scholarships—Money not paid back Loans—Money a student or parent borrows and pays back to a lender Work Program—Job on-campus

33 Federal Sources Grants – Pell – SEOG – Teach Grant Work Study Loans – Subsidized – Unsubsidized – PLUS – Perkins

34 Work Study Wages partially funded by Federal Dollars May be required to apply for a job Jobs may not always be guaranteed Earnings must be issued to the student

35 Student Loans Loan Limits for the Subsidized/Unsubsidized per academic year for dependent students. – $5500 Freshman – $6500 Sophomore – $7500 Junior – $7500 Senior Career Maximum to borrow is $31,000 Subsidized Loan limit of 150% of Program.

36 Student Loans Cont. Federal Subsidized – Interest rate of 3.86% (subject to Change as of July 1, 2013 – 6 months grace after college before repayment begins however interest starts accruing – 1.072% origination fee deducted by the federal government from the gross amount of the loan – government pays the interest while the student is in college – 1% federal default fee

37 Student Loans Cont. Federal Unsubsidized – Interest rate is 3.86% (Undergraduates) – 6 month grace period after college before repayment begins however interest starts accruing – 1.072% origination fee deducted by the federal government from the gross amount of the loan – The student is responsible for the interest on the loan while in college – 1% federal default fee

38 PLUS Loans Federal Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students (PLUS) – Loan for Parents – Interest rate 6.41% – 4.288% origination fee deducted from the gross amount of the loan

39 PLUS Loans Cont. 1% federal default fee Credit check is performed—if denied, an endorser can be obtained Payments begin 60 days after the latest disbursement – Parents can request to postpone payments while the student is enrolled at least half-time.

40 State Sources Grants – Wisconsin State Tuition Grant (Private) – Wisconsin Higher Education Grant (UW’s / Tech) – Wisconsin Covenant – Wisconsin Indian Grant – Talent Incentive Program (TIP)—Wisconsin Education Opportunity Programs (WEOP) – Minority Grant

41 Wisconsin Covenant Students MUST: – 1. Complete FAFSA by April 1 – 2. Complete confirmation form by April 1 – 3. By July determine which college student will attend. – There are not exceptions to these deadlines. – Appeal process—military, serious accident with severe medical issues..

42 Wisconsin Covenant Full-time (12 credits) for EFCWI Covenant Foundation Grant WI Covenant Scholars Grant Yearly Total $0$1,500$1,000$2,500 $1-$3,499$0$1,500 $3,500-$11,999$0$1000 $12,000-$99,999$0$250

43 Wisconsin Covenant Half-Time (6-11 credits) EFCWI Covenant Foundation Grant WI Covenant Scholars Grant Yearly Total $0$1,500$750$2,250 $1-$3,499$0$750 $3,500-$11,999$0$500 $12,000-$99,999$0$125

44 Miscellaneous Sources College Community, foundations, Companies DVR Tribal Indian Grants Financial Institutions—Private/Alternative Loans:

45 Scholarships Outside Scholarships – Must report scholarship(s) to financial aid offices – Ask colleges if the scholarship affects the students financial aid award – loan or work-study can be affected – National searches:

46 Scholarships Cont. When applying for Scholarships: 1. Type applications 2. Follow directions 3. Dress Up for Interviews hours completing applications and if awarded $1000 equates to $50 per hour.

47 Alternative Loans Banks have been developing their own loan programs for student. list of available lenders at above weblink. Schools can’t always recommend a lender

48 How Financial Aid is Determined Budget …… -Expected Family Contribution (EFC)…… = Financial Need……

49 Budget Tuition and Fees—Direct Cost Room and Board—May be direct or indirect Cost Books—Indirect cost Transportation—Indirect cost Personal—Indirect cost Loan Fees—Indirect cost

50 Expected Family Contribution (EFC) Government Calculation – student income and assets – parent income and assets – number of people in the family – number of people in college Two Components: 1. Parent Contribution 2. Student Contribution

51 Example of Financial Need 4-Year Private college 4-Year Public College 2-Year Public College Budget$40,000$19,000$8,000 EFC $7,000 Financial Need $33,000 $12,000$1000

52 Timetable This is very important. Be very aware of deadlines. Some colleges have cut off dates for different institutional grants or scholarships.

53 Special Circumstances Involuntary loss of employment Unusual and excessive paid medical expenses Divorce/Separation Death of parent or spouse Others

54 Tax Benefits There are federal tax credits available while students are in college. This is a good time to talk with a tax advisor about these benefits and how they may impact your tax filing in the future.

55 College Goal Weekend When: February 23 & Time: 2:00 p.m. Location: various location around the state What For: Help with completing the FAFSA

56 Net Price Calculator (NPC) Available on all college website Strictly an estimate Colleges must follow minimum guidelines Net Prices can vary depending on the Cost of Attendance (COA)

57 College Shopping Sheet Has certain statistics Lists your aid Includes your entire budget (Direct and Indirect Costs) The form is set by Federal Requirements It is optional for schools to participate

58 Good Luck! Patty Taylor


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