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© Boardworks Ltd of 23 © Boardworks Ltd of 23 These icons indicate that teachers notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. Russia The February 1917 Revolution – Why did Nicholas II Fall from Power?
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Learning objectives What we will learn in this presentation: © Boardworks Ltd of 23 Learning objectives The state of Russia in The effects of the First World War on Russia – the causes of unrest. Tsar Nicholass reaction to the unrest. Why the tsar abdicated and how the Provisional Government took power.
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Lets revise what state Russia was in at the outbreak of World War I in Do you think that Nicholas II was about to lose power anyway, even without the war? Russia in 1914
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Russia in 1914
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Food prices were increasing rapidly as food supplies needed to go to the soldiers at the front. Peasants began to hide surplus food and were then tortured and killed by the army as a punishment. Rations of food went down as each month passed and this led to discontent in the towns, cities and countryside. The effects of World War I on Russia
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 A wave of patriotism and support for the tsar as our Holy Father spread across Russia at the start of the war. By the end of 1914 there were 6.5 million soldiers in the Russian army. In 1915 Nicholas assumed supreme command of the army – which meant he wasnt in Russia. What effect do you think this news had on people in Russia? But there were only four million rifles, not all of which had any bullets. A soldier would have to wait for the man in front of him to be killed, and then he would take his rifle from him. Was the Russian army ready for the war?
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Russian newspapers were heavily censored and couldnt have printed anything against the government. But if they hadnt been, you would certainly have seen headlines like those on the following slides appearing as the months went on. Bad news!
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Noble supporters of the tsar murder the drunken, lecherous monk who has influenced the tsarina and brought shame on the tsar. What effect do you think news of events such as this would have on the way people felt about the government? Russian Officers Murder Lecherous Monk December 1916 Bad news!
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Russian troops have been forced out of Poland. Polish refugees are making the food shortage situation even worse. What effect do you think news of events such as this would have on the way people felt about the government? Russian Troops Suffer Disastrous Defeat at Battle Of Tannenberg 1914 Bad news!
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 What effect do you think news of events such as this would have on the way people felt about the government? A soldiers home was destroyed and his family killed by government forces, it was reported yesterday. The family withheld food to prevent his little sister from starving to death. Heroic soldier returns to see his home destroyed. Bad news!
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 What effect do you think news of events such as this would have on the way people felt about the government? People queuing for hours, yesterday, for a loaf of bread. When they find that there is none left they starve for another day. Bread queues lengthen in Petrograd February 1917 Bad news!
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 What effect do you think news of events such as this would have on the way people felt about the government? Sacked Petrograd steel workers have been demonstrating in the streets after being locked out of work for going on strike. Their families starve in bread queues that have no bread. 30,000 men locked out of the Pitilov Steel Works for asking for a pay rise Bad news!
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 What effect do you think news of events such as this would have on the way people felt about the government? Revolutionary ideas being spread by soldiers and workers distributing leaflets encouraging people to rebel against the tsar. Soldiers are deserting from the army in their thousands. Revolutionary Ideas Spreading Among the People February 1917 Revolutionaries
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 On 26 February 1917 there were massive street demonstrations in Petrograd. How do you think Nicholas responded to the worsening situation? Rodzyanko, chairman of the State Duma, in Petrograd. Tsar Nicholas II, commanding the Russian Army from Mogilev. The riots are getting out of hand, I dont think I can control them. You are exaggerating! Dont panic, just use the troops to put the riots down. The tsars response
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 The soldiers refused to fire on the crowds. The chairman of the Duma told Nicholas that a change of government was needed. The crowd were refusing to disperse and they could not be controlled. Which of these things would you have done if you were Nicholas II, and why would you have done this? Order the troops to fire on the crowds Return to Petrograd and take control Give the crowd some of their demands The tsars response
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Nicholas was not a cruel man. He knew that the people were genuinely suffering. He was also realistic enough to realize that the troops would probably not have obeyed the orders, so he did not make this choice. Order the troops to fire on the crowds? The tsars response
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 This would probably have been the sensible thing to do if hed done it on the 26 February. Nicholas might have been able to restore some order and show himself to the people as a concerned leader. Return to Petrograd and take control? The tsars response
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 This was almost impossible. Their simply wasnt enough food to go around, and even if there was, there werent good enough methods of distribution. Nicholas also didnt want to be seen to be giving in. Give the crowd some of their demands? But Nicholas didnt do any of these things. Look at the next slide to see the decision that he made. The tsars response
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 The Result? On the 26 February the members of the Duma disobeyed the tsar and met anyway. The Russian Revolution had begun. Mr Rodzyanko, chairman of the Duma: Im going to close you down and rule by myself. Im not having the Duma or the people telling me what to do. 25,000 troops mutinied and marched towards the Tauride Palace where the Duma was meeting, not to attack the Duma but to support it in its stand against the tsar. The tsars response
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 The Provisional Government takes over
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Nicholas tried to return to Petrograd by train to take control of the situation on 2 March. A group of army generals stopped the train and told him it wasnt safe for him to return as the troops might fire on him. They said he would have to give up power and hand it over to his son Alexi. Nicholas said Alexi was too ill and suggested his own brother the Grand Duke Michael. The generals refused and so the tsar abdicated (gave up his power). The Romanov Dynasty, which had lasted for over 400 years in Russia, had come to an end in a few days. Nicholas II attempts to return
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Below are some reasons why Nicholas fell from power in February Rearrange them into order of importance and then add evidence to back up each one. Why did the tsar fall from power?
© Boardworks Ltd of 23 Quiz
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 This icon indicates that detailed teachers notes are available in the Notes Page. For more detailed instructions, see the.
The February Revolution 1917 The fall of the Tsar By Mr Osborne
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© Boardworks Ltd of 18 The 1905 Revolution – Causes and Consequences This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available in the Notes.
What do you think has happened?. Its all a question of timing! In 1917 Russia was still using the JULIAN calendar. The rest of Europe used the GREGORIAN.
The First World War and the February Revolution The First World War had two main effects on Russia: firstly a huge number of men lost their lives, and.
Why was there a revolution in Russia in February 1917?
RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS OF MARCH REVOLUTION Started in February but most happened in March Most events happened in Petrograd (now called Saint Petersburg)
The 1905 Revolution H1jBY7EVE.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 The October 1917 Revolution – Why did the Bolsheviks Win? Russia This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available.
“Learning to Lead our Lives” Skill: Interpretations Communication NGfL: Russia
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 1 1.Why did the Czarist regime fail? 2.How did the Bolsheviks eventually come to power?
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What impact did World War One have on Russia? To complete an investigation into the impact of the war. To produce detailed and factual notes. To evaluate.
300 th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty took place in 1913 to mass cheering. Outbreak of war led to an increase in patriotism. The Duma met in 1914,
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E. Napp The Russian Revolution In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Tsar Nicholas II Duma Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin Soviet.
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Russian Revolution The Causes. Cruel Czar…A Weak Leader Did not pay attention to the needs of his people Believed in divine, absolute rule…God given power.
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Roots of the Revolution Geography of Russia: –Huge-hard to control all –Population/Ethnic groups –Climate-affects economy Food shortages: –Suffered back.
The Russian Revolution. The Problems of the Czar Events between show the Czar’s weakness: – Bloody Sunday (creation of the Duma) – Marxism’s.
The Russian Revolution. Russia will experience two dramatic events that will alter the course of WWI and the world. February Revolution of 1917 overthrew.
Russian Revolution Objective: Analyze the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution including: 1) The lack of economic, political and social reforms.
What is happening in the picture ?. The 1905 Revolution What is a revolution? Why do you think there was almost a revolution in Russia in 1905?
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Russia and WWI. Outbreak of War War greeted enthusiastically in Russia War greeted enthusiastically in Russia Tsar’s (czar) popularity rose (Nicholas.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 © Boardworks Ltd of 22 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes.
By: Phil Bott. The czars were under pressure and couldn’t ease the nation’s crisis. Moderates wanted a constitution and social reform but czar Nicholas.
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Chapter 14 – Revolution and Nationalism (1900 – 1939) Section 1 – Revolutions in Russia Main Idea: Long-term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution,
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