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1 Division of Juvenile Corrections WI Dept of Corrections Silvia Jackson, Assistant Administrator July 10, 2008 Legislative Council Special Committee on.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Division of Juvenile Corrections WI Dept of Corrections Silvia Jackson, Assistant Administrator July 10, 2008 Legislative Council Special Committee on."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Division of Juvenile Corrections WI Dept of Corrections Silvia Jackson, Assistant Administrator July 10, 2008 Legislative Council Special Committee on High-Risk Juvenile Offenders

2 2 Overview of the Division of Juvenile Corrections (DJC) DJC Institutions and Community Programs Staffing and Budget Information Commitment Data for Calendar Year 2007 Program Participation and Outcome Data Serious Juvenile Offender Disposition and Data – Shelley Hagan

3 3 Introduction to DJC Since 1996, DJC has been a division of the state Department of Corrections. Other DOC divisions are Adult Institutions, Community Corrections and Management Services. Administrative offices are in Madison, but the vast majority of staff are located at the institutions and field offices we operate.

4 4 Juvenile Correctional Facilities Total SFY 08 ADP: 586 Five juvenile correctional facilities:  Ethan Allen School, Wales (276 ADP)  Lincoln Hills School, Irma (222 ADP)  Southern Oaks Girls School, Union Grove (54 ADP)  SPRITE, Oregon (5.1 ADP)  Mendota Juvenile Treatment Center, Madison (operated by DHS) (29 ADP)

5 5 Community Supervision Post-release supervision: SFY08 ADP of 242  Aftercare (juvenile parole) May be provided by state or county. Currently DJC provides aftercare in 22 counties  Corrective Sanctions Intensive program of services and surveillance using electronic monitoring 26 Counties participated in CY 2007 $2.4 million Funding available to offset costs to participating counties  Serious Juvenile Offender By law, must be provided by state Need capacity to provide in 72 counties  Interstate Compact on Juveniles

6 6 Division Employees

7 7 Cost Saving Measures As youth population has declined, so has the number of DJC staff  Closed housing units at EAS, LHS, SOGS and MJTC.  YLTC Facility Closed  Between SFY 2000 and SFY 2006, DJC eliminated 37% of its staff positions, or 357 FTE, going from 969 FTE to 612.  During the same time, youth ADP dropped 36%, from 933 in SFY 2000 to 594 in SFY 2006.

8 8 Cost of Salary and Benefits In SFY 2007, salary and fringe benefits cost DJC $47.4 million  81% of $58.5 million operating budget Staff-related costs are affected by many factors, including:  negotiated pay plan increases  state health insurance contracts  retirement contributions Current fringe benefit costs are roughly 50% of salaries  Up from 38% of salaries in SFY 2001

9 9 Institution Programs Case management  Assessment of Youth Risks, Needs and Strengths  Individualized case plan with broad goals to be accomplished  Monitoring Youth Progress  Transitional Services for Reentry  Community Supervision Plan  Balance youth accountability, services and supervision  Involve families in case management and transition phase

10 10 Education Academic: including elementary, middle and high school Vocational Programming: welding, small engines, food service, desk top publishing, etc. Special education: Individualized Education Plans School is year-round Coursework is individualized LifeWork Education links learning and work Youth may begin HSED testing in JCI when they are 17 Education and training continues in community

11 11 Treatment Programs Strive to meet a broad range of youth treatment needs, using research-based strategies when available. Major programs include:  Cognitive Intervention  Sex Offender Treatment  Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Programs  Aggression Replacement Therapy  Mental Health Counseling  Gender-Specific Services  Restorative Justice

12 12 Cognitive Intervention Juvenile Cognitive Intervention Program (JCIP) is is a research-based cognitive restructuring and skill building program designed to help youth change their anti- social thinking and criminal behavior.  Phase I, Choices, looks at thinking cycles and helps youth identify how they think and how their thinking has led them to criminal behavior.  Phase II, Changes, teaches youth a five-step problem solving process that will help them develop pro-social behaviors.  Phase III, Challenges, is designed as a series of self- paced lessons for youth in the community

13 13 AODA Youth with alcohol and other drug abuse dependency make up a significant proportion of the JCI population  Upon entering a JCI, 452 youth were screened for possible AODA in CY 2007  Of these, 256 youth, or 56.6%, received a DSM diagnosis of substance abuse or dependence when assessed  In 2001, the comparable figure was 37% to 40%  16 week AODA Program focusing on areas of Addiction/Abuse Cognitive Behavior Changes Family Dynamics Relapse prevention for Healthy Living

14 14 Juvenile Sex Offenders Comprehensive Assessment at Reception Research Based Sex Offender Treatment Program  2 Components: ETS-J and CORE ETS-J : Cognitive behavioral restructuring CORE : Sexual offending behaviors  Ongoing risk and needs assessments Reentry and Community Supervision  Corrective Sanctions Program: Electronic monitoring  Ongoing sex offender treatment  OJJDP - High Risk Juvenile Sex Offender Reentry Grant

15 15 Restorative Justice Principles of holding youth accountable and giving back to the community underlie numerous DJC programs  Community service  Victim awareness  Restitution

16 16 Health Services The JCI health services unit (HSU) provide comprehensive dental and health services. Youth admitted to a JCI have many health problems as compared with their non- incarcerated peers.  Unstable access to health care  Harmful behaviors  Poor self-care

17 17 Health Services (continued) Nurses provide daily health care for JCI youth.  Initial admission screening and exam, physical assessments  Emergency care  Management of prescription medication and chronic conditions  Screening for sexually transmitted diseases  Immunization clinics  Health education On-site medical and psychiatric services are provided by agreements with local physicians. Local hospitals are utilized for emergency services.

18 18 Juvenile Corrections Funding DJC Rate Study (March 2007) DJC’s operating budget is primarily Program Revenue Counties receive funding through Youth Aids for delinquency-related services DOC charges counties Youth Aids allocations for juvenile correctional services Remaining Youth Aids can be used for local services

19 19 Juvenile Corrections Funding Youth Aids designed to  Minimize incentive for institution placement  Develop community-based alternatives and continuum of care Youth Aids increases to help counties meet rising costs Serious Juvenile Offender services paid directly by state

20 20 Daily Rates Daily rates for each type of service = projected annual costs divided by the estimated average daily youth population during the same time period. SFY 09 daily rates:  JCI services -- $268.00, up from $259.00 per day last year.  RCC services -- $296.00, up from $277.00 in SFY 08

21 21 Daily Rate Comparison

22 22 Commitments to Juvenile Corrections

23 23 Juvenile Commitment Data “Commitment” is defined as  a new admission of a youth to a JCI based on a delinquency court order, or  a new adjudication and correctional order for a youth in a JCI Data on commitments by demographic factors and county are in the next slides

24 24 Juvenile Commitment Comparisons 2003 Commitments 2004 Commitments 2005 Commitments 2006 Commitments 2007 Commitments 608632543540558 * Data presented is by calendar year

25 25 2007 Commitments by Type 2007 Total Commitments = 558  Juvenile = 498 or 89%  SJOA = 0 or 0%  SJOB = 55 or 10%  Tribal = 1 or 0.3%  Federal = 4 or 0.7%

26 26 2007 Commitments by Gender Male Commitments = 490 or 88% Female Commitments = 68 or 12%

27 27 2007 Commitments by Race Black = 334 or 59.8% Asian = 7 or 1.3% White = 191 or 34.2% Unknown = 2 or 0.3% North American Indian = 24 or 4.3%

28 28 2007 Commitments by Age 11 = 0 12 = 3 or 0.5% 13 = 19 or 3.4% 14 = 79 or 14.2% 15 = 146 or 26.2% 16 = 228 or 40.8% 17 = 82 or 14.7% 18 = 1 or 0.2%

29 29 Top 10 Counties by Commitment Totals Milwaukee – 276 or 49.5% Racine – 38 or 6.8% Kenosha – 37 or 6.6% Dane – 37 or 6.6% Rock – 17 or 3.0% Winnebago – 14 or 2.5% Fond du Lac – 12 or 2.2% Brown – 10 or 1.8% Outagamie – 10 or 1.8% Marathon – 9 or 1.6%

30 30 Most Frequent Committing Offense of Youth in JCIs – CY 2007 CrimeNumberPercent Robbery8916.0% Operating vehicle without consent8214.7% Burglary7212.9% Battery7112.7% Sexual Assault of a Child325.7% Theft295.2% Possession of a Dangerous Weapon223.9% Possession with intent to manufacture/deliver 203.6%

31 31 Program Participation and Outcomes

32 32 Education Outcomes – SFY 2007 FacilityHigh School Credits Earned Middle School Credits Earned Middle School Promotions SOGS 1729.756 EAS 7672921 LHS 509115 MJTC 8200 Total 153049.7532

33 33 Education Outcomes – SFY 2007 FacilityHigh School Diplomas Awarded High School Equivalency Diplomas Awarded Students enrolled in elective job training in JCI SOGS 217110 EAS 258434 LHS 478385 MJTC 12n/a Total 9155929

34 34 JCIP Completions - Calendar Year 2007 Phase 1- ChoicesPhase II - Changes Number of youth ParticipatedPass Non- Completions ParticipatedPass Non- Completions Southern Oaks Girls School 89711881729 Ethan Allen School 26415610818715037 Lincoln Hills School 130115151191154 Total 3 JCI's 48334214138733750 Percentages 71% 87% * "Non-Completion" is a code assigned when a youth does not complete a program phase. The reasons for non- completion vary and include things such as the youth’s release to the community.

35 35 JCIP Outcome Data DJC uses a validated measurement tool called the “HIT”, which stands for How I Think.  The HIT measures cognitive distortions and anti- social behavior such as lying, blaming others, stealing and physical aggression.  Youth complete the HIT before and after participation in JCIP. Our last analysis of a sample of 165 youth showed a significant improvement or reduction in distortions and criminal thinking.

36 36 DJC Recidivism Definition Recidivism is defined as either:  Placement in a Wisconsin JCI as a consequence for a new delinquency adjudication after being released from a JCI; or  Placement in a Wisconsin prison for either a new criminal offense or an adult probation rule violation, after being released from a JCI Time period reviewed is up to 2 years following release from a JCI The definition DOES NOT include youth arrested and placed on county supervision, on probation or in jail; or youth returned to a JCI for rule violations only

37 37 DJC Recidivism Data Release Year Youth released Two year average Male percentage Female percentage 200078718.30%19.54%7.69% 200183317.53%18.81%7.45% 200275618.78%20.52%7.14% 200367213.84%14.48%8.45% 200462816.40%18.23%4.71%

38 38 Serious Juvenile Offender Program

39 39 What is the SJOP? A longer-term disposition in Ch. 938 for youth adjudicated delinquent for committing certain serious offenses. Length of disposition [s. 938.355 (4) (b)]:  To age 25 if adjudicated for an offense punishable as a Class A felony.  Five years if adjudicated for offense punishable as a Class B or C (or other) felony

40 40 Why Was SJOP Created? Replace the never-implemented Youthful Offender Program and facility. Remove from counties the fiscal responsibility for very serious young offenders, while still keeping appropriate youth in the juvenile system. Promote the “balanced approach” by giving juvenile court a stricter option to hold youth accountable and protect public safety. Provide an alternative to waiver to adult court.

41 41 SJOP Components Type 1 facility components  Minimum confinement in a Type 1 juvenile facility of 1 year for Class A felony-type offenses. [s. 938.538 (3) (a) 1m.]  Maximum confinement in Type 1 juvenile facility of 3 years for other offenses. [s. 938.538 (3) (a) 1.] Limitation is problematic for effective supervision of a small number of SJO youth.

42 42 SJOP Components Type 2 facility components  All community components are defined as Type 2 secured correctional facility, i.e. institution without walls. [s. 938.538 (4)]  Community components are defined in statute as including Alternate care Field supervision, both CSP and aftercare Electronic monitoring AODA outpatient services Mental health treatment and services Community service, restitution Transitional services for education and employment Other programs per DOC

43 43 Transfer and Discharge Aftercare -- The Office of Juvenile Offender Review may release a person to aftercare after two years of SJO participation. The person remains an SJO participant. Discharge -- DOC may discharge a participant from the SJO program and from DOC supervision any time after three years of participation. [s. 938.538 (5)]

44 44 SJOP Eligibility Age  Age 14 – any eligible offense  Age 10 – committing or attempting first-degree intentional homicide or committing second-degree intentional or first-degree reckless homicide.  Open to interpretation: Age at time of disposition or time of offense

45 45 SJOP Eligibility Offense  Listed felony-type offenses in statute  Of SJO youth in JCIs today, about 60% are there for armed robbery or burglary, a third for sex offenses and 10% for homicide offenses. Several categories of Class B and C felony-type offenses are not eligible for SJO, such as drug crimes, 2nd degree sex assault and homicide by intoxicated use of a firearm or vehicle.

46 46 SJOP Eligibility Limited appropriate alternatives  Standard corrections order is the court’s only other option Wisconsin offense  Offenses in other states not included in SJO eligibility definition Original dispositional order  Includes stayed order

47 47 2007 SJO-B Commitments by Gender Male = 52 or 94.5% Female = 3 or 5.5%

48 48 2007 SJO-B Commitments by Race Unknown = 1 or 1.8% Asian = 0 White = 18 or 32.7% North American Indian = 1 or 1.8% Black = 35 or 63.6%

49 49 2007 SJO-B Commitments by County Counties with more than one commitment Dane – 2 Milwaukee – 27 Kenosha – 4 Racine – 5 Washburn – 2 Sauk – 2

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