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Safety Through Awareness WOHS / DHS.  Understand the current threat  Recognize potential indicators  Safety Action Plans  Reasonable responses  Insure.

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Presentation on theme: "Safety Through Awareness WOHS / DHS.  Understand the current threat  Recognize potential indicators  Safety Action Plans  Reasonable responses  Insure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Safety Through Awareness WOHS / DHS

2  Understand the current threat  Recognize potential indicators  Safety Action Plans  Reasonable responses  Insure the safety of operators and passengers

3  Is it Terrorism?  What is Terrorism?  How does it differ from Criminal Acts?

4  Incidents Targeting Transportation  Pre-dates 9/11  200 attacks from  Historical Incidents and Practices  Rail, aviation, bus, maritime  Nationally  Aviation, Rail, Mass transit

5  176 attacks, including the four 9/11 attacks; of the 172 remaining attacks  Only 1 transportation attack: 4/7/2008 sabotage of a freight rail car in Kansas City; eco-terrorists suspected.  The attacks break down roughly like this:  36% against abortion institutions by individuals or extreme anti- abortion groups  28% against businesses and other targets by unknown individuals. There was an increase in “unknown” neo-Nazi and white supremacist attacks in 2008 against African American and Jewish institutions.  21% against institutions by the Earth Liberation Front  14% against institutions by the Animal Liberation Front  3 attacks by KKK and 1 by the Republic of Texas  Note: McVeigh targeted US agencies and their employees; other civilians were “acceptable collateral damage” MTI Proprietary: No Publication without Attribution

6  Public surface transit is valuable, open target: 2,916 attacks and 7,212 deaths since Since 9/12, 1,728 attacks have killed 3,729 people while 75 air attacks have killed only 157  Public surface transit hit most where it is used the most.  71% of attacks cause no causalities. They fail or are designed to only disrupt. Average median lethality is low.  But Jihadist attacks are far more lethal than others, a disturbing development.  25 million children ride a school bus every day.  Buses are attacked more but train attacks are more lethal. February 8, 2011 MTI Proprietary: No Publication without Attribution

7  Explosives dominate but are often not most lethal:  Enclosed spaces that contain blast effects increase lethality.  Single bombs dominate: Multiple devices can but don’t always increase lethality.  Some multiple devices are aimed at responders.  Suicide delivery of bombs  Is more likely in bus targets and far more lethal in train targets.  Infrastructure attacks appear designed to disrupt.  Awareness counts: 16.2% of all bomb attacks stopped by the alert operators. February 8, 2011 MTI Proprietary: No Publication without Attribution7

8  School shootings VA  -WY lead early in Cokeville 1986  Gone “Postal”  Incidental location  Passing or at their venue  Domestic Violence  Mental illness

9  Predictability  Routes with published schedules  Bus Barns and motor pools  Bus stops  Verified callers/ locations for pick up services  Unattended vehicles  Isolated areas

10  Weather  Visibility -distance and darkness  Cyclic Crowds  Unmarked bags  Driver to passenger ratios and special needs  Traffic

11  Expected Behaviors  Time of day, location  Type of passenger  Type of parcels and packages  Other Traffic  Drop off and pick up sites

12  Surveillance  Elicitation  Tests of security  Funding  Acquiring supplies  Impersonation  Rehearsal  Deployment

13  People  Passengers  Non-passengers Traffic Vehicles- parked or in motion Packages

14  People  On or off bus  Places  Scheduled stops  Requested pick ups  Incidental to your route  Packages  On or off bus

15  What are they?  Part of planning to address  Preventive practices  Threats  Incident Management  Mitigation

16  How was the threat received  Called in  Note or graffiti  In person  Driver recognized Nature of the threat Imminent or immediate

17  Prevention  Practices, GPS, two way communication  Threats - Validity or credibility  Incidents  Agencies involved

18  Dealing with the threat  Addressing the Incident  Response from -Police - Fire -Transportation agency

19  Continuity Plans (COOP)  Contingency for passengers  On bus and waiting for the bus  Type of delay (hours, weeks) Interactions with Law Enforcement -Unknown threat/participants -You and your passengers

20  At an office-  How did it get there?  Package markings  On the bus or along the route  Suspicious or unattended  Identifiable  Don’t touch  VBIED

21  Who do you call?  Who is involved?  When should you notify someone?  Do other employee’s know the plan?  Do other agencies know your plan?  How do you protect you?  How do you care for your passengers?

22  Implement the whole plan?  Partial plan?  Who has the ability to make the decisions?  What are your limitations?  Your responsibility?  Your passenger’s role?

23  People dictate the success of the outcome  Have a plan and truly exercise it  Involve all of your partners  Passengers as well as agencies Follow safe practices Exercise reasonable security measures

24  QUESTIONS???  Bob Uhrich, TSA 


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