Presentation on theme: "Music school of lamia. Greece Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a vast number of islands."— Presentation transcript:
Greece Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a vast number of islands (approximately 1,400, of which 227 are inhabited), including Crete, the Dodecanese, the Cyclades, and the Ionian Islands among others. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest at 2,917 m (9,570 ft).
Greece Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece, generally considered the cradle of Western civilization. As such it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy. This legacy is partly reflected in the seventeen UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Greece, ranking Greece 7th in Europe and 13th in the world. The modern Greek state was established in 1830, following the Greek War of Independence.
Greece Greece has been a member of what is now the European Union since 1981 and the eurozone since 2001, NATO since 1952, and is a founding member of the United Nations. Greece is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy and very high standards of living, including the 21st highest quality of life as of 2010. Since late 2009, the Greek economy has been hit by a severe economic and financial crisis resulting in the Greek government requesting €240 billion in loans from EU institutions, a substantial debt write-off, and unpopular austerity measures.
Poland The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38.5 million people, which makes it the 34th most populous country in the world and the sixth most populous member of the European Union, being its most populous post-communist member. Poland is a unitary state made up of 16 voivodeships. Poland is a member of the European Union, NATO, the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), European Economic Area, International Energy Agency, Council of Europe, Organization for Security and Co- operation in Europe, International Atomic Energy Agency, European Space Agency, G6, Council of the Baltic Sea States, Visegrád Group, Weimar Triangle and Schengen Agreement.
Poland The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966, over the territory similar to that of present-day Poland. The Kingdom of Poland was formed in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth ceased to exist in 1795 as the Polish lands were partitioned among the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire, and Austria. Poland regained its independence as the Second Polish Republic in 1918. Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the Nazi Germany and Soviet Union invasion of Poland (Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact). Over six million Polish citizens died in the war. The People's Republic was declared in 1952 although Poland was a client state of the Soviet Union from the closing days of the war. During the Revolutions of 1989, the communist state was overthrown and democratic rule was re-established in the form of the current Poland, constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic".
Poland Despite the vast destruction the country experienced in World War II, Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth. There are currently 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in Poland. Since the end of the communist period, Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development.
Greek – Polish relationship Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1919 and exchanged ambassadors in 1922. Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of NATO and the European Union. There are over 3,000 people of Greek descent living in Poland, and over 50,000 people of Polish descent living in Greece.
George (Jerzy) Ivanov (1911-1943) a Greek – Polish story George Sainovits Ivanov (Jerzy Szajnowicz Iwanow ) was an athlete in Polish descent, born in Warsaw on 12.14.1911. After the death of his Russian father, his Polish mother married Greek John Lamprianides and the family moved to Thessaloniki. In the years of his adolescence in 1928, Ivanov joined the athletic group Iraklis (Hercules) of Thessaloniki playing initially successfully in the soccer team. Soon, however, swimming earned him.
From 1931 to 1935 he participated every year in the Panhellenic swimming races. In 1934 he won the first place in the 100 meters freestyle with a time of 1:22. At the same time he was member of the water polo team of Hercules, witch at the time was by far the largest sports club in town. In 1935 he acquired Polish citizenship, in 1938 he finished his studies at the University of agronomy. He spoke fairly good six languages (Greek, Polish, Russian, French, English and German).
When Poland fell apart at the beginning of the Second World War, Ivanov tried to join the ranks of the exile Polish Army, but he didn’t make it as Poland collapsed a few days later. After the conquest of Greece by the Germans, he traveled to the Middle East where he joined the Polish brigade "Carpathia". The Polish secret services recognized the rare abilities and in collaboration with the British secret services, intensively trained him to sabotage and unorthodox warfare.
When his training was finished, he returned to Greece by the British submarine Thunderbolt having the agent code- name "Bolmpy". He had orders from Cairo to come into contact with a new small Greek resistance group. But immediately after his arrival in Athens he was captured by the Germans on 18 December after betrayal. Ivanov managed to escape from his prison cell in a daring and almost cinematic way. Germans bounty of 500,000 drachmas (respectable amount of time) so his moves in Athens became very difficult and dangerous. With the help of all the small resistance groups and courageous people like the legendary Lela Karayiannis, Ivanov managed to find ways of hiding and escaping.
When the first German submarines came in Greece, Ivanov planned to sabotage the largest of them. The way we chose was impressive and very difficult. Equipped with an explosive clock mechanism, which he tied around his waist he swam to the naval port of Salamis. He placed the bomb on the hulls of the submarine. The German submarine exploded and sank with 45 crew members on March 14, 1942. The official German report of the time, argued that the submarine struck a mine, although there are points of reference implied that perhaps the sinking of the submarine came from sabotage. Following this great success, Ivanov continued to sabotage warships. So he blew up in exactly the same way the Spanish steamer "St. Isidore" that was used by the Germans as a cover for smuggling. In May 1943, Ivanov managed to penetrate disguised as a German soldier in the Greek airport, blasting with explosives large number of German planes. He repeated the same sabotage at Elefsis airport destroying 87 planes!
On September 8, 1942 super-spy Jerzy Ivanov was captured together with several close associates and sentenced to death. While he was driven by feet to his execution place, Ivanov tried again to escape, although handcuffed. He managed to run enough, but the pursuers shot him, wounding him in the shoulder and caught him again. All fighters were placed in ten steps. Moments before the execution Ivanov’s last words were: "Long live Poland, long live Greece."
Currently Poland has proclaimed Ivanov national hero, his memory remains alive and up to date as they have erected statues and given honorary name to streets and squares across the country. Greece has erected a statue of Ivanov in Thessaloniki. Since 1953 and every year Thessaloniki organizes swimming races with the name "Ivanofeia." In his honor, Hercules sports club has given his name to a basketball arena, known throughout nationwide as "Ivanofeio."