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Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No. 256823) 1 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No. 256823) 1 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 1 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 1

2 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 2 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 2 Critical components should be tested to validate that they are suitable for use. Hydrogen fatigue tests can be carried out for small components. But for large components, this is impractical due to the time and amount of hydrogen required for each cycle, and therefore an alternative strategy needs to be developed :  For a component which will be submitted to less than – cyclic loadings during its lifetime : a material compatible with hydrogen should be chosen, and then hydraulic fatigue tests are carried out on the component made in such material.  For components which will be submitted to more than – cyclic loadings during their lifetime, suitability for service needs to be further evaluated as even hydrogen compatible materials may have reduced fatigue life in hydrogen service. -> More information also in Chapter “Embrittlement and permeation (E)”

3 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 3 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 3 The testing methods described in the standard ISO can be applied if the system consists of hydrogen cylinders up to 3000 l ISO Compatibility of metallic materials with gasses ISO H2 compatibility test methods: Resistance to fatigue in H2 service ISO CD ISO 16111:2008 Transportable gas storage devices Hydrogen absorbed in reversible metal hydrides, Edition 1 IEC IEC Edition 1.0 ( ) Explosive atmospheres Part 29-1: Gas detectors - Performance requirements of detectors for flammable gases IEC Fuel cell technologies - Part 3-150: Stationary fuel cell power systems Small stationary fuel cell power system serving as a heating appliance, Edition 1 IEC/TS Fuel cell technologies – Part 7-2: Single cell/stack-performance test methods for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), Edition 1

4 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 4 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 4 ISO 7866:1999 ISO 7866:1999 Gas cylinders -- Refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders Design, construction and testing, Edition 1 ISO :2010 ISO :2010 Gas cylinders – Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders Design, construction and testing Part 1: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength less than Mpa, Edition 2 ISO :2010 ISO :2010 Gas cylinders - Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders Design, construction and testing Part 2: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength greater than or equal to 1100 Mpa, Edition 2 ISO :2010 ISO :2010 Gas cylinders - Refillable seamless steel gas cylinders Design, construction and testing Part 3: Normalized steel cylinders, Edition 2 ISO/FDIS 7866 ISO/FDIS 7866 Gas cylinders -- Refillable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders Design, construction and testing, Edition 2

5 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 5 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 5 ISO/DIS ISO/DIS Gas cylinders of composite construction Specification and test methods Part 1: Hoop wrapped composite gas cylinders and tubes, Edition 2 ISO/DIS ISO/DIS Gas cylinders of composite construction -- Specification and test methods Part 2: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes with load-sharing metal liners, Edition 2 ISO/DIS ISO/DIS Gas cylinders of composite construction -- Specification and test methods Part 3: Fully wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders and tubes with non-metallic and non-load-sharing metal liners ISO/NWIP Gas cylinders of composite construction — Specification and test methods Part 4: Fully-wrapped fibre reinforced composite gas cylinders with load-sharing welded metal liners, Edition 1 ISO 11623:2002 Transportable gas cylinders Periodic inspection and testing of composite gas cylinders, Edition 1 ISO/CD Transportable gas cylinders Periodic inspection and testing of composite gas cylinders, Edition 2

6 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 6 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 6 ISO :2006/Cor.1:2007 ISO :2006/Cor.1:2007 Cryogenic vessels -- Large transportable vacuum-insulated vessels Part 1: Design, fabrication, inspection and testing, Edition 1 ISO :2008 ISO :2008 Cryogenic vessels -- Static vacuum-insulated vessels Part 1: Design, fabrication, inspection and tests, Edition 1 ISO 21010:2004 ISO 21010:2004 Cryogenic vessels -- Gas/materials compatibility, Edition 1 ISO 21011:2008 ISO 21011:2008 Cryogenic vessels -- Valves for cryogenic service, Edition 1 ISO 21012:2006 ISO 21012:2006 Cryogenic vessels – Hoses, Edition 1 ISO :2008 ISO :2008 Cryogenic vessels -- Pressure-relief accessories for cryogenic service Part 1: Reclosable pressure-relief valves, Edition 1 ISO :2007 ISO :2007 Cryogenic vessels -- Pressure-relief accessories for cryogenic service Part 2: Non-reclosable pressure-relief devices, Edition 1 ISO :2004 ISO :2004 Cryogenic vessels -- Transportable vacuum insulated vessels of not more than litres volume Part 1: Design, fabrication, inspection and tests, Edition 1 ISO 24490:2005 ISO 24490:2005 Cryogenic vessels -- Pumps for cryogenic service, Edition 1 ISO/DIS ISO/DIS Cryogenic vessels -- Pilot operated pressure relief devices Part 4: Pressure-relief accessories for cryogenic service, Edition 1

7 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 7 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 7 IEC specifies the requirements for the construction and testing of oil-immersed electrical equipment, oil-immersed parts of electrical equipment and Ex components in the type of protection oil immersion "o", intended for use in explosive gas atmospheres. Design, fabrication, inspection, examination and testing of hydrogen transportation pipelines shall be in accordance with national or international standards, such as ASME B31.3 and B31.8.

8 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 8 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 8 Hazardous situations can result from the following causes:  failures or faults in the electrical equipment resulting in the possibility of electric shock or electrical fire  failures or faults in control circuits (or components and devices associated with those circuits)  disturbances or disruptions in power sources as well as failures or faults in the power circuits  loss of continuity of circuits that depend upon sliding or rolling contacts  electrical disturbances e.g. electromagnetic, electrostatic either from outside the electrical equipment or internally generated  release of stored energy resulting in e.g. electric shock that can cause injury  surface temperatures that can cause injury.

9 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 9 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 9  Design and installation  Type of wiring and methods of installation  Protective equipment  Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC)  Protection against direct contact  Protection against indirect contact  Protection against thermal effects  Protection against overcurrent  Protection against fault currents  Protection against overvoltage  Electrical grounding and potential equalization  Protection by earthing  Protection against lightning  Protection against overvoltages due to lightning and to switching surges  Protection measures to reduce failure of electrical and electronic systems

10 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 10 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 10 Figure 110: Example for grounding of metallic components and piping, Source: TRBS 2153

11 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 11 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 11  Power supply  Protection measures  Protection against electric shock Protection by automatic disconnection of power supply Potective-equipotential bonding TN system IT system  Electrical separation  Residual Current Devices (RCDs) Onboard applications are mobile or transportable units e.g. a vehicle and/or a mobile or transportable equipment, which contains an electrical installation.

12 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 12 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 12 IEC :2001 Electrical installations of buildings Part 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general characteristics, definitions IEC 60934:2007 Circuit-breakers for equipment (CBE) IEC :2006 Protection against lightning – Part 1: General principles IEC :2005 Information technology equipment – Safety Part 1: General requirements IEC 61000:2005 Electromagnetic compatibility IEC :2005 Low-voltage electrical installations Part 4-41: Protection for safety – Protection against electric shock IEC 60529:2001 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)

13 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 13 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 13 IEC :2001 Electrical installations of buildings Part 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general characteristics, definitions IEC 60934:2007 Circuit-breakers for equipment (CBE) IEC :2006 Protection against lightning – Part 1: General principles IEC :2005 Information technology equipment – Safety Part 1: General requirements IEC 61000:2005 Electromagnetic compatibility IEC :2005 Low-voltage electrical installations Part 4-41: Protection for safety – Protection against electric shock IEC 60529:2001 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) IEC 61032:1997 Protection of persons and equipment by enclosures – Probes for verification This International Standard specifies details and dimensions of test probes intended to verify the protection provided by enclosures with regard to: – Protection of persons against access to hazardous parts inside the enclosure; – Protection of the equipment inside the enclosure against ingress of solid foreign objects.

14 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 14 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 14 IEC : 2010 Automatic electrical controls for household and similar use – Part 1: General requirements (In general, this International Standard applies to automatic electrical controls for use in, on, or in association with equipment for household and similar use, including controls for heating, air-conditioning and similar applications. The equipment may use electricity, gas, oil, solid fuel, solar thermal energy, etc., or a combination thereof. This International Standard applies to the inherent safety; to the operating values, operating times, and operating sequences where such are associated with equipment safety, and to the testing of automatic electrical control devices used in, or in association with, household or similar equipment.) IEC :2005 Safety of machinery – Electrical equipment of machines Part 1: General requirements IEC :2007 Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems Part 1: Principles, requirements and tests TRBS 2153 Prevention of ignition hazards by electrostatic charge IEC : Low-voltage electrical installations Part 7-717: Requirements for special installations or locations - Mobile or transportable units IEC Stationary fuel cell power systems – safety Clause 4.7 IEC Stationary fuel cell power systems – safety Clause 4.7

15 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 15 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 15 EquipementMaintenance requirementsFrequence General Visual inspection of the site, including fences, walls, doors, gates, etc. in order to check the condition of all components. Record the visual inspection and any equipment non-compliance. Yearly, and after each emergency response Fire-fighting and emergency equipments Accessibility, presence and conformity Every 6 months, and after each emergency response Plumbing, piping and fittings Visual inspection of plumbing, piping and fittings, in order to detect any anomaly. Record the visual inspection and any leakage or anomaly. Yearly Table 37: Maintenance operations

16 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 16 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 16 Compressor units Visual inspection of the compressor units. Check that the pressures and the oil (or other librucating liquids) levels of the compressor comply with the specifications. Record the inspection as well as the pressures and the oil (or other librucating liquids) levels of the compressor. Check that the compressor stops functioning at the specified outlet pressure. Record this inspection. Yearly

17 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 17 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 17 Means of connection of transportable vessels – screwed connections Visually inspect for damage. Verify leak tightness (annually). Record this inspection. Yearly and during each connection Connecting means of transportable vessels – quick-release couplings Visually inspect for damage. Verify leaktightness (annually). Record this inspection. Follow the integrator’s instructions

18 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 18 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 18 Emergency shutdown system and isolation valves Check that the emergency shutdown systems and the isolation valves are in good conditions. Record this inspection. Yearly Process control safety function Check that it is in good condition. Record this inspection. Yearly VentilationCheck that the ventilation system (air inlet and outlet systems, audio and visual warnings) is in good conditions. Record this inspection. Yearly If the ventilation system is located outdoors: every three months

19 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 19 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 19 Hydrogen detection system Check that the hydrogen detection system (including audio and visual warnings) is in good conditions. Record this inspection. Yearly Follow manufacturer’s instructions Safety control and command systems Check the settings values and check that the system is in good conditions. Record this inspection and the values. Yearly Follow manufacturer’s instructions Leak testsPerform leak tests on all the piping and on all the installation in order to check that there is no leak. Record this inspection and any detected leak. Yearly Follow manufacturer’s instructions

20 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 20 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 20 Stationary hydrogen storage pressure vessels Periodic requalification Record any requalification or any retest According to the applicable technical requirements Safety devices Visual inspection of all safety devices. Check that all labels or markings are where there should be. Record this inspection. Yearly Safety valves Tare again. Record this tare. Every 5 years Component having a limited lifetime (e.g. hoses, composite pressure vessels) Check that the lifetime of the component will not be over before the next inspection. Record this inspection and the replacement of any component whose lifetime is over. Yearly

21 Funded by FCH JU (Grant agreement No ) 21 © HyFacts Project 2012/13 CONFIDENTIAL – NOT FOR PUBLIC USE 21 IEC IEC Edition 1.0 ( ) Explosive atmospheres Part 29-2: Gas detectors Selection, installation, use and maintenance of detectors for flammable gases and oxygen IEC IEC Explosive atmospheres Part 10-1: Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres, Edition 2 To prepare and maintain international standards relating to the use of equipment including area classification, the selection and installation, inspection and maintenance, repair, overhaul and reclamation of equipment where there is a hazard due to the possible presence of explosive atmospheres of gases, vapours, mists or combustible dusts. IEC IEC Explosive atmospheres Part 29-2: Gas detectors - Selection, installation, use and maintenance of detectors for flammable gases and oxygen, Edition 2 ISO :2005 ISO :2005 Cryogenic vessels -- Large transportable vacuum-insulated vessels Part 2: Operational requirements, Edition 1 ISO :2006 ISO :2006 Cryogenic vessels -- Static vacuum insulated vessels Part 2: Operational requirements, Edition 1 ISO :2004 ISO :2004 Cryogenic vessels -- Transportable vacuum insulated vessels of not more than litres volume Part 2: Operational requirements, Edition 1


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