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EX04: Exchange 2007 Security, Part II Jim McBee

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Presentation on theme: "EX04: Exchange 2007 Security, Part II Jim McBee"— Presentation transcript:

1 EX04: Exchange 2007 Security, Part II Jim McBee

2 Agenda Why the Edge Transport Role? Message Hygiene Securing Internet Client Access Summary

3 Exchange 2007 Themes IT Pro Situation E-mail is mission- critical E-mail systems too complex/ expensive Management tasks tedious, not automated Control Org-wide Situation Security the top concern Spam and viruses compromise the e-mail experience Regulatory compliance critical in many industries Built-In Protection Info Worker Situation AnywhereAccess Users want easy access to all their communications Mobile devices are increasingly common Calendaring is frustrating

4 Protecting The Perimeter Prevent hostile or unwanted content from reaching Exchange mailbox servers Enforce messaging policies before e-mail enters internal network Reduce the attack surface for your Internet exposed resources Perimeter security – Exchange Server 2007 Edge Services – Microsoft Forefront Security for Exchange Server – Microsoft ISA Server

5 Why The Edge Transport Role?

6 The Need For The Edge (cont.) Mail routers on the organization border have specialized needs – CAS role is designed for mailbox access – Hub Transport tied into Active Directory – Increased security threats – Must balance conflicting objectives Make intelligent routing choices Reject bad messages, not allow into the organization Enforce message hygiene and policy Minimize firewall exposure and reconfiguration

7 The Need For The Edge Exchange 2003: Monolithic architecture – No granular control over which code modules are installed – Some services (Store) are required for RFC- required functionality. – Active Directory membership Need DC and GC access Exposes entire forest – Perceived to be vulnerable as a border MTA

8 Exchange 2007 On The Edge Full AD integration without AD exposure – EdgeSync Easier than ever to provide secure transit without a lot of configuration Enforce policies on the edge for a big compliance win! Extensive message hygiene features Fully scriptable

9 Message Hygiene

10 Message Hygiene at the Edge Enterprise-ready capabilities built-in to Exchange 2007 Edge Server role – Anti-spam – Anti-virus Easily extended for third-party functionality

11 Fighting Spam in Exchange 2007 Connection filtering – Drop bad connections based on source IP address Allow/deny lists DNS real-time blocklists Third party allow lists – Preserve resources (CPU, RAM, bandwidth) Protocol filtering – Drop bad connections based on SMTP conversation Sender filtering Recipient filtering Protocol errors – Slow down persistent senders to avoid excessive resource consumption (tarpitting)

12 Fighting Spam in Exchange 2007 Content filtering – Reject or bounce messages based on content cues Intelligent Message Filter (IMF) Sender ID and domain reputation Computational puzzles Transport rules – Most resource intensive Quarantine – Managed by administrator – Integrated with IMF

13 Connection Filtering Admin-configured allow/deny – By IP – By domain – By sender – By recipient Real-time lists – Block lists (DNS RBLs) – Allow lists (bonded senders)

14 Protocol Filtering Sender filters – Local restrictions – Sender ID Recipient filters Protocol analysis – SMTP errors Example: Bad/missing domain in HELO/EHLO Example: DNS checks for matching A and PTR records – Patterns in connections/submissions Tarpitting

15 Tarpitting: How It Works 1. An SMTP client establishes connection. 2. After a configurable error threshold, Exchange adds a delay to each SMTP responses. 3. With each subsequent error or protocol violation, Exchange increases the delay time. 4. The SMTP client continues to get valid responses – just farther apart. 5. The SMTP client maintains the connection while successfully completing fewer actions.

16 Sender ID By-domain DNS-based policy to identify hosts trusted to send mails from that domain – Published in DNS – Backwards compatible with Sender Protection Framework (SPF) – Check envelope (MAIL FROM) or Purported Responsible Address (PRA) Server can take action at check time or integrate results with IMF Performed by Edge – Usually performed by the first server in the organization to handle a given message – If that server isnt Edge, Exchange may not get the full benefit of the Sender ID check

17 Content Filtering Intelligent Message Filter (IMF) – Uses SmartScreen technology – Compares and weights composite score from several data sources Sender ID (if used) IP address presence on blocklists (if so configured) Message characteristics – Provides two confidence levels: spam and phish Custom weight lists – Administrator configurable word lists allow fine-tuning of IMF results Transport rules allow centralized dynamic response to time-critical threats Quarantine

18 IMF Features Automatic updates – Every 2 weeks – Daily with Enterprise licenses Integrates domain reputation – Sender ID – Local dynamic domain reputation Computational puzzles Self-adjusts as administrators remove false positives from quarantine Anti-phishing protection

19 Managing Message Hygiene Built-in reporting – Daily Top X reports Spam IPs Spam senders Spammed recipients % spam caught at each stage – Event logs – Perfmon counters

20 Managing Message Hygiene (cont.) Use the Exchange Management Console to manage: – Out-of-box tools – Web released tools such as ExBPA Use the command-line/shell to configure – Granular configuration of anti-spam filtering By OU By recipient – Per-recipient exceptions – Allow Edge to honor Outlook safe sender lists MOM integration – Events – Alerts

21 Microsoft Forefront Security


23 Antivirus Protection Latest generation of mature, proven Sybari Antigen products Antivirus scanning for Exchange, SMTP, Office Communications Server, and SharePoint – Multiple scan engines included – Attachment filtering – Worm detection and removal Forefront Security for Exchange Server – Filtering by server role – Attachment filtering – Extensibility

24 Attachment Filtering Strip attachments – By file size – By MIME content type – By file extension Look inside ZIP archives Create rules on the fly to block emerging threats

25 Transport AV By Role Edge Transport – Filters inbound and outbound traffic Hub Transport – Filters all email between mailboxes – …even on the same server Mailbox – Scan the mailbox store – Use legacy VSAPI 2.5 interface

26 Microsoft Hosted Exchange Services

27 Exchange Options Provides choice in how you deploy, manage your messaging infrastructure Exchange Hosted Services complement any Exchange mailbox Exchange Hosted Filtering included with Enterprise Client Access Licenses HOSTED EXCHANGE (through service providers) Complementary Services Choice for Messaging

28 Microsoft Exchange Hosted Services Real-time threat prevention features Multi-layer anti-spam and anti-virus Customized content and policy enforcement E-mail retention for help with compliance and e-discovery Customized report generation for help demonstrating compliance Fully indexed, searchable archive Full e-mail encryption No public and private key management Gateway, policy-based e-mail encryption Uninterrupted e-mail accessibility Rapid recovery from unplanned disasters and network outages Thirty-day rolling historical e-mail store

29 Securely Publishing Exchange Resources To The Internet

30 Microsoft ISA Server Protection Reverse proxy Exchange services – Outlook Web Access – RPC over HTTPS – ActiveSync Offload Forms-Based Authentication – ISA Server has FBA logon form Delegated authentication at the ISA Server – Authenticate user prior to allowing internal access – Supports Smart Card authentication

31 Enterprise Topology

32 Summary Message hygiene out of the box – Four-stage granular anti-spam – Transport anti-virus by role Microsoft Forefront Security for Exchange Server provides antivirus protection Exchange Hosted Services offers you flexibility ISA Server improves security for Internet exposed resources

33 For more information Visit TechNet: – Visit the Exchange 2007 home page: – Microsoft Forefront –

34 Questions?

35 Antigen for SMTP Gateways Detects and removes e-mail viruses at the network edge Scans SMTP stack to disable threats within a message during the routing process Provides advanced content filtering capabilities for messages and attachments Integrates file filtering, keyword filtering, anti-spam, and content filtering during the routing process Protects Windows Server 2003 and Windows 2000 Server SMTP gateways Proactively notifies administrators of virus incidents and scan events by e-mail or event log SMTP Gateway Server/Routing Server Internet Firewall Exchange Servers Users

36 Antigen for Exchange Detects and removes viruses in e-mail messages and attachments Scans at SMTP stack (most processing intensive scans) Scans real-time at Exchange information store Provides on-demand and scheduled scans of information store Uses Microsoft-approved virus scanning API integration for Exchange 2000 and 2003 Provides advanced content-filtering capabilities for messages and attachments Integrates file filtering, keyword filtering and anti-spam at the SMTP routing level Protects Exchange Server 5.5, 2000, and 2003 ISA Server Exchange Front End Exchange Site 1 Exchange Site 2 Internet Exchange Public Folder Server Exchange Mailbox Server

37 Extending AV Agent framework for third party integration Exchange 2007 provides new capabilities – Managed MIME parsing and composing – Content-Transfer encoding (Base64, QP, UUEncode, BinHex) – Managed TNEF and RTF parsing and composing – Managed iCalendar/vCard parsing and composing

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