Presentation on theme: "Kilimanjaro team 04/01/2010. First known inhabitants: Khoïsans (-40 000 B.C) First Bantou tribes (-500 B.C) 1488 : Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu."— Presentation transcript:
First known inhabitants: Khoïsans (-40 000 B.C) First Bantou tribes (-500 B.C) 1488 : Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias first European to reach the southernmost point of Africa 1795: Great Britain took over the Cape of Good Hope area
1806 : The British annexed the Cape Colony in. War continues against the Xhosa 1879: Anglo-Zulu War 1948: Apartheid is voted 1976: Soweto riots 1991: Apartheid is abolished 2009 : Jacob Zuma is elected government
3 capital cities - Cape Town (the largest of the three) : legislative capital - Pretoria: administrative capital - Bloemfontein: judicial capital A bicameral parliament: - the National Council of Provinces has 90 members, - National Assembly has 400 members.
Located at the southernmost region of Africa A long coastline that stretches more than 2,500 km and along two oceans (the South Atlantic and the Indian). 1,219,912 km2, the 25th-largest country in the world Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3,408 m (11,180 ft) is the highest peak in South Africa. A great variety of climatic zones exist due to the varied topography and oceanic influence.
More than 50 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions. The 2006 midyear estimated figures for the racial categories were Black African (79.5%), White (9.2%), Coloured (8.9%), and Indian or Asian at (2.5%).
Stongest economy on african continent (1/4 of PIB) Since 1994, tempered liberalism with strong state regulation. Since 1994, stable average growth of 5%. One of the first gold producer Very competitive national companies
In the period 1998–2000, South Africa was ranked second for murder and first for assaults and rapes per capita. Official statistics show that 52 people are murdered every day. The reported number of rapes per year is 55,000, and it is estimated that 500,000 rapes are committed annually. Total crime per capita is 10th out of the 60 countries in the data set. Many emigrants from South Africa also state that crime was a big motivator for them to leave. Along with many African nations, South Africa has been experiencing a "brain drain" in the past 20 years.