Pilot Project Energy Trade Date Reporting Scheme Prototype of an energy trade data reporting and monitoring scheme has been successfully developed and implemented within 6 months: Feasibility of trade data reporting via EFETBox (eXRP) tested and proven Sample of historic trade data from EEX, EPEX Spot and EXAA and for OTC trades via broker and trading company collected and imported to pilot project database (over 500.000 reported transactions in power), i.e. a significant part of the EU market Sample of historic fundamental data from EEX transparency platform and Genscape collected and imported to the pilot project database (over 30.000 reported fundamental data) Data analysis and statistical reporting supported by Scila Surveillance software
Project components (Work Packages) Project management E-Control WP1: Data Sourcing & interfaces WP 2: Data analysis & statistics WP 3: IT application WP 4: Proof of Concept & Conclusions Steering Committee ERGEG FIS Project partners
WP 1: Data sourcing & interfaces Content: Establish trade data content and format based on EFETnet eXRP project Liaise with potential project partners (exchanges, broker, trader, clearing houses) and establish data reporting interfaces Determine sources for fundamental data Concept for data access (including publication) Deliverable: Prepare concept for an IT application (trade data reporting scheme) for collection, storing, analysing and disseminating of trade and fundamental data considering issues such as Data reporting requirements Publication of data Cooperation with other market surveillance authorities e.g. of exchanges Access rights for national regulators/authorities etc
Sourcing of OTC data – eXRP process CNF/BCN... Trade/Broker Confirmation CRQ... Clearing Request CRP... Clearing Response CRN... Clearing Registration Notification eXRP – UMTF process for Pilot
Sourcing of historical exchange and fundamental data Three energy exchanges active in international trading in three EU Member States: EXAA, EPEX Spot and EEX Two providers of fundamental data: EEX and Genscape
WP 2 – Data analysis & statistics Content: Research on existing tools and methods to analyse trade data (e.g. regulators, exchange market supervision) Develop examples and ideas for data analysis and statistics Develop ideas for data dissemination for transparency purposes Deliverable: Concept for trade data analysis with respect to market and position monitoring and statistics Run analysis in WP 4 and provide conclusion for final report
Monitoring concept Energy Trade Database Single Trades Aggregation of Trades Comparison of Products/Markets Market Monitoring Tasks Additional data i.e. Fuel prices Political decisions Regulatory measures Fundamental Data i.e. Load Generation Transmission Policy Impact Regulatory Impact Market Risk assessment Company behavior analysis
Remarks on analysis/statistics Cross country and market comparisons would best be hosted within a core group of well trained people as experience evolves over time Such analysis would best stretch across all European Markets as i.e. bigger companies trade in almost all markets Some basic public reporting (with time delay) might also be beneficial for existing and potential market participants (i.e. trigger stronger interest for participation) Strong links to and cooperation with the academia would help to speed up the evolution of analysis and communication of the “European Market Model” Meaningful data analysis requires a broad background i.e. on asset position of trading company to assess the potential systemic risk associated with certain market positions
WP 3 – IT application Content: Transpose concept of trade data reporting scheme into IT specification Deliverables: Based on deliverables of WP 1 & 2 prepare specification for an IT application for collection, storing, analysing and disseminating trade data Implementation of an IT application according to specification
Pilot project test setting (1) Establishing a fully functional prototype for collecting and processing energy trade data and fundamental data
Pilot project test setting (2) Real time processing of trade data and power plant outage reports Importing data from three different exchanges, OTC data from the eXRP project via the EFETbox communication system and fundamental data/news events Mapping of different data structures (e.g. product codes, member ids, timestamps) Processing and analyzing huge data volumes
IT-Architecture (1) – Concept for data sourcing Potential reporting paths Obligation to report
access authorization and framework for public information European LevelNational LevelPublic Level Trade Data ACER ESMA …. National Regulatory Authorities National Financial Supervision Authorities Exchange Market Surveillances ….. General Public Academia Other interested parties … IT-Architecture (2) – Concept for Data Access
WP 4 – Proof of concept & conclusions Content: Operation of energy trade data reporting scheme under near real- time conditions (proof of concept) Draw conclusions from experience gained through all project phases (work packages) Deliverable: Prepare and present conclusions for a future EU reporting scheme for energy wholesale markets based on information/feedback gained through project phase and operational phase (proof of concept)
Proof of concept Discussions with energy regulators already performing market monitoring tasks and with several market surveillances from energy and derivatives exchanges. The impression was that no harmonized approach as regards the use of surveillance software exists and that it is rather relied on own developments, which may have their obstacles for an oversight regime at EU level. Few software providers seem to exist offering surveillance software which could also serve the purposes of regulators as regards market insights and large data volumes.
Proof of Concept For testing potential surveillance the Scila software was chosen since it has proven its value for financial and commodity market surveillance purposes. Market oversight can be done on a continuous basis using alerts. Predefined alert rules of Scila were adapted successfully to the energy wholesale market. New alerts taking into account the specificities of the energy wholesale market were developed as examples. Additional Feed-in of fundamental data from external sources of information was tested
Data analysis – Concept of market abuse The surveillance routines developed could already be based on the concept of market abuse as foreseen in REMIT, which itself is based on the concept of market abuse stipulated in MAD, i.e. Prohibition of insider dealing Prohibition of market manipulation
Data analysis – Assessment of Unmatched Orders Task for the Market Surveillance Departments of Trading Venues Please note that information on orders is both relevant for market manipulation and attempted manipulation
Example of statistics for publication Number of participants Active participants Turnover share of participants Buy and sell side (Exchanges) Buy and sell side (OTC) Source: EEX website
Recommendations Legal framework for cooperation and data access across borders has to be ensured A legal framework is needed stipulating market abuse rules for the energy wholesale market taking into account the specific market characteristics, the monitoring of regulators and reporting obligations for market participants. As in the financial market legislation, traders should report their matched electronic trades within 24 hours. The supervisory framework should involve ACER, national regulatory authorities and market surveillances from trading venues. The latter should assess and store the unmatched orders and cooperate closely with national regulatory authorities and ACER. Energy and financial regulators as well as competition authorities should closely cooperate.
Recommendations Preference for a central data reporting system at EU level as opposed to national schemes A central data reporting system at EU level would benefit the regulatory oversight of the market and eliminate possible coordination problems amongst regulators There is a preference among market players for a single European reporting system rather than various national ones. This approach would eliminate the multiple reporting of cross border trades and ensuring a harmonized set of data (trade and fundamental) across Europe.
Recommendations Market knowledge and relevant fundamental data are crucial for a meaningful monitoring of the energy wholesale market. Useful interpretation of energy trading requires market knowledge and the reference to fundamental data. Need to cooperate with Market Surveillances from trading venues. Trading in Energy is strongly linked to fundamentals (i.e. supply, demand, infrastructure availability). The pilot revealed that data is not sufficiently available and consistent between countries for market monitoring purposes. Regulators will still have to rely on fundamental data present to them. Standards need to be defined and easy data access for regulators to identify the identity of the publisher at platforms like ETSOvista and/or exchange transparency platforms needs to be ensured for an effective oversight.
Recommendations Concerns of market participants with respect to data security and anonymization Information on actual trade transactions is highly sensible business data. Hence data security and anonymization issues are vital within any future trade data reporting scheme. Encryption of historical trade date in the pilot project. Concerns if trade data is in private hands as this might trigger potential conflicts of interest. Concerns if trade data is in hands of trade repositories outside the EU. Rules have to be developed for data access on a national and European level but also for financial and energy regulators as well as competition authorities.
Recommendations Publication The publication of aggregated and time-delayed trade data to the market should be considered when implementing a central data reporting and monitoring scheme in the EU. Academics should have access to historic anonymous trade data “on demand” in order to enhance scientific research Confidentiality of data (e.g. counterparty information) needs to be maintained at all times. Publications might also complement monitoring tasks by regulators and support market transparency.
Recommendations Governance Issues To ensure the management of a European reporting and monitoring scheme proper governance rules have to be in place. It is recommended to install an advisory group consisting of relevant stakeholders that has to be consulted in case of any changes to issues such as IT, communication or reporting standards. ACER to have a working group with regulators and market participants defining those standards
Open Issues Harmonization of reporting standards from European Energy Regulators and Financial Market Authorities To do for ERGEG Financial Services WG Coverage of non-standardized trades still needs further clarification To do for Final Report on the Pilot Project
Objectives fulfilled 1.Demonstration of the feasibility of an efficient and cost effective standardized trade data collection, storage and monitoring scheme 2.Recommendations for a future European trade data reporting and monitoring scheme on issues such as data field definition standardization, communication interfaces, transaction data anonymization, secure data access and data publication 3.Development of a concept and examples for analyses of trade (and other relevant) data for market monitoring purposes including potential market abuse 4.Development of a concept and representative examples for statistical analyses of trade data
REMIT Recommendations of the pilot project are to a large extent satisfied by the current draft of the REMIT proposal from the Commission, particularly Sector-specific market abuse regime Central reporting of trade data at EU level Provision of fundamental data foreseen Data security aspects included Cooperation of competent authorities Publication of aggregated data foreseen Governance to be defined by ACER More detailed rules to be defined in secondary legislation. But: Obstacles through development in EU financial market legislation (EMIR, MiFID) and their interactions with REMIT.
Outlook: A potential future regulatory landscape European Regulator(s) Fundamental data National Regulator(s) I National Regulator(s) II Market Surveillance at trading venue I Market Surveillance at trading venue II Exchange (and clearing) data Trade data Trade database Monitoring Cooperation Access to national data for monitoring / analysis EU level National level Monitoring Analysis Access to national data for monitoring / analysis Transparency purposes Cooperation
Next steps Prepare final report and finalize the proof of concept phase for the data analysis with Scila surveillance software to develop further surveillance routines Presentation, discussion and approval in FIS WG Dissemination of results of pilot project Commission services DG Energy and DG Market ESMA and financial regulators EFET, LEBA, EuroPEX Public Potential follow up projects?