Presentation on theme: "Creating Linked Data Juan F. Sequeda Semantic Technology Conference June 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Creating Linked Data Juan F. Sequeda Semantic Technology Conference June 2011
Linked Data is a set of best practices to publish and interlink data on the web
Linked Data Principles 1.Use URIs as names for things 2.Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up (dereference) those names. 3.When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information. 4.Include links to other URIs so that they can discover more things.
1) Use URIs as names for things
Uniform Resource Identifiers identify real world objects and abstract concepts – Not only web documents and digital content – People, places, locations, my car – Know somebody, from somewhere
1) Use URIs as names for things
1) Use URIs as names for things – Identifies the person – Identifies an RDF document
2) Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up (dereference) those names.
HTTP protocol is the Web’s universal access mechanism Linked Data only uses HTTP URIs – URI: unique name – HTTP URI: universal means of access to the URI HTTP URIs should be dereferencable
Dereference a URI?
What’s with the redirection?
RDFa … The trouble with Bob Alice …. …
Minting HTTP URIs If you own the domain name and run a web server at that location, mint URIs in this namespace I own the domain mycompany.com I run a webserver I now can mint URIs in this namespace: –
Create Cool URIs If you don’t control a namespace, don’t misuse it – Avoid implementation details – 123&format=rdf 123&format=rdf Use Natural Keys within URI – –
Three different URIs URI for the real world object (non-information resource) – – – – URI for the HTML document (information resource) that describes the real world object – – – URI for the RDF document (information resource) that describes the real world object – – – –
3) Provide useful information
How do we provide useful information in document form on the web? HTML How do we provide useful information in data form on the web RDF Different ways of serializing RDF – RDF/XML – RDFa – N3 – turtle
RDF subject – predicate – object Coldplay is the artist of Viva la Vida
HTML My name is Bob Smith, but people call me Smithy. Here is my home page: I live in Albuquerque, NM and work as an engineer at ACME Corp. My friends: Darryl, Edna
RDFa (RDF in HTML) My name is Bob Smith, but people call me Smithy. Here is my homepage: I live in Albuquerque, NM and work as an engineer at ACME Corp. My friends: Darryl, Edna
What to publish? Literal Triples “Coldplay” Outgoing Links Incoming Link
What to publish? Description of the data set – Semantic Sitemaps – voiD (Vocabulary of Interlinked Datasets) Provenance Metadata Licenses Information
Vocabularies (or Schemas or Ontologies) Create your own using – Simple Knowledge Organization Systems (SKOS) Taxonomy – RDF Vocabulary Description Language (RDF Schema) Light weight vocabularies – Web Ontological Language (OWL) Highly expressive and capable of inferencing
Vocabularies (or Schemas or Ontologies) Reuse vocabularies – Dublin Core: metadata attributes – Friend of a Friend (FOAF): persons and relationships – Semantically Interlinked Online Communities (SIOC): describing users, posts, blogs, etc – Description of a Project (DOAP) – Music Ontology – Programmes Ontology: TV and radio programs – Good Relations: describing products and services – Review Vocabulary – Basic Geo (WGS84) Vocabulary
4) Include links to other things
Set external RDF links into other data sources on the Web – Subject of the triple is in the namespace of one data set – Object of the triple is a URI in the namespace of another data set Connect siloed data islands Enable discovery
4) Include links to other things Relationship Links Identity Link Vocabulary Links
Which predicate for linking to choose? Depends on your domain Is it widely used? – owl:sameAs – foaf:knows – foaf:based_near – … If you create your own, relate it to a widely used predicate
How to create the links? Manually – Works for small and static data sets – I want to find another URI that identifies the same real object that I have Sindice and Falcons provide index of URIs by keyword (Semi) Automatic – Record Linkage/Identity Resolution/Co-reference – Silk: – LIMES: