Presentation on theme: "1 System of air quality monitoring in Kosovo and QA/QC of data Letafete Latifi, member of NRC for air quality from Kosovo 02.07.2013 Prizren Republika."— Presentation transcript:
1 System of air quality monitoring in Kosovo and QA/QC of data Letafete Latifi, member of NRC for air quality from Kosovo Prizren Republika e Kosovës Republika Kosova - Republic of Kosovo Qeveria – Vlada - Government Ministria e Mjedisit dhe Planifikimit Hapësinor Ministarstvo Sredine i Prostornog Planiranja Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning AGJENCIONI PËR MBROJTJEN KOSOVSKA AGENCIJA KOSOVO ENVIRONMENTAL E MJEDISIT TË KOSOVËS ZA ZAŠTITU SREDINE PROTECTION AGENCY
1.Monitoring network in Kosovo 2.Monitoring equipment 3.Softwares for collecting,processing and validation datas 4.Softwares for checking functional parameters of equipments 5.QA/QC of air quality data
Based on criteria for determination of monitoring location, according to directive 2008/50/EC,It’s decided that air quality monitoring network in Kosovo will have 12 fixed stations and 1 Mobile station. Locations and stations’ type are shown in map fig.1 and tab.1 Fig.1. map of air quality monitoing network
Local code of stations Name of stationManagerType statione/type area Measurement Parameters KS0101* Prishtine-HMIKKEPA/HMIKBackground/SuburbanSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0102* Prishtine-RilindjaKEPA/HMIKTrafik /urban NO2,, PM10/PM2.5 KS0103* Drenas-yard of MunicipalityKEPA/HMIKBackground/urbanSO2, PM10/PM2.5 KS0204* Mitrovicë-Stacioni i meteorologjsë KEPA/HMIKBackground/urbanCO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0305 Pejë- Primary school "Lidhja e Prizrenit" KEPA/HMIKBackground/urbanSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0406 Prizren-Yard of MunicipalityKEPA/HMIKBackground/urbanSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0507* Brezovica-Skying areaKEPA/HMIK Background/ruralSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0508 Hani i Elezit- Primary School " Ilaz Thaqi" KEPA/HMIKBackground/urban & industrial SO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0609 Gjilan-Yard of MunicipalityKEPA/HMIKTrafik /urbanSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0110 Obiliq- Qendra e mjeksis familjare KEPA/HMIKBackground/industrialSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0111 Dardhishte-Shkolla filloreKEPA/HMIKBackground/industrialSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 KS0112 Palaj-Kosova MontKEPA/HMIKBackground/industrialSO2, NO2, CO,O3, PM10/PM2.5 *stationes that are out of function Tab.1.description of network monitoring
Stations obtain: Analyzers of SO2,NOx(NO,NO2),CO,O3- -Teledyn API, seria E and T - Thermo scientifice, serie i and -Horiba Monitoring of PM10/PM25 -Thermo scientifice, Sharp Model Grimm Model 180 and -Met one Instruments Sampler of PM10/PM25 and -Derenda -Tecora Sampler of BTX-Kalma secuencial sensors’ unit of meteorological parameters Fig.2 View from one of the fixed monitoring stations
Sample preparation for determination of organic compounds: 3 roto-evapuration and Ekstra Sample prepartion for determination of heavy metals Mikroval mineralizues Fig3.Rota-evapuration Fig.4.microwave for digestion
Equipments for determination of inorganic compounds ICP-MS,- for determination of heavy metals IC – for determination of anions and cations Equipments for determination of organic compounds: GC-MS- for determination of PH in air GC-MS me DT- for determination of BTX in air Fig.5 ICP-MS (Couplied Plazma with induction-mass spectrometria )and IC (Ion Cromatografy ) GC-MS and GC-MS me DT
Volumetric system – standard gas production Concentrated gases sytem Referent analyzers for SO2, CO, NOx (NO, NO2) and O3. Pump for generation of zero air Calibration Volumetric system SO2,CO, NOx, O3 analyzers
Collecting, processing and validation data Data from different types of stations procesed and validated in diferent softwares, depending on analyzers’ producing factory,see pictures belowe. Software for equipments of Teledyn API serie E Software for equipments of Thermo scientifice Software for equipments of Teledyn API serie T
Collected and processed data from three different softwares are transferred in one software (application) which does data statistical analyzes. Software is designed by the assistance of Finish experts during implementation of Twining Project last year. (Application) where datas are transferred from all monitoring system
During this year a project which will install server for storing and collecting data from all stations has been implemented.In this server Software EMMA is configured.See fig,x belowe.
QA/QC of air quality datas We have to trace the data every day, because equipment malfunction, human error, power failures and other disturbances can result incorrect data, these must be filtered out. Raw data is always kept unchanged, and reports of the edits made to the raw data are saved AQ data is corrected according to calibrations, this has to be done as soon as possible after the calibration. Continuous AQ data examination from hourly line chart, both daily data summaries and longer periods gives information about the slide of the zero level or the amplification of the analyser that will be noticed only from long time serie charts Continuous review of zero and span checks - inform field operators of any equipment malfunction or problem requiring attention
Can be incorrect values but need to be investigated reasons belowe before removal: -Information from nearby industry, e.g. emission disturbance at the same time? -Effects of meteorology (e.g. wind direction? ) -Effect of power failure? -Levels of other pollutants (e.g. O3 vs. NOx) -Time of day/year -Observations from other sites (visual comparison to AQ data from other measurement stations in the same figure) Proper calibration of automatic monitors is essential for obtaining accurate AQ data. For each calibration a correction factor (CF) and zero correction (ZC) is calculated. Through this formula we calculate the corrected value: Corrected value = CF(uncorrected value-ZC) Both CF and ZC change linearly from “start” calibration to “end” calibration.