2 Literary TermsAnalogy – a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be basedExample – the analogy between the heart and a pump.
3 Imagery – the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things by appealing to one or more of the five senses.
4 Irony – the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaningExample –Dramatic irony – irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the playSituational irony – irony that exists when what occurs is the opposite of what would normally be expectedVerbal irony – irony that exists when a person says one thing but actually means something entirely different
5 Monologue – a part of a drama in which a single actor speaks alone Soliloquy – an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character's innermost thoughts)
6 Oxymoron – a figure of speech by which a statement produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly.”Personification – the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions, esp. as a rhetorical figure
7 Shakespearean Sonnet (AKA the English Sonnet) Once again, the Chorus gives us a break down of the events of the play before they happen.Sonnet form14 linesIambic pentameterabab cdcd efef gg (rhyme scheme)
8 Chorus. Now old desire doth in his deathbed lie, And young affection gapes to be his heir; That fair for which love groaned for and would die, With tender Juliet matched, is now not fair. 5 Now Romeo is beloved and loves again, Alike bewitchèd by the charm of looks; But to his foe supposed he must complain, And she steal love’s sweet bait from fearful hooks. Being held a foe, he may not have access10 To breathe such vows as lovers use to swear, And she as much in love, her means much less To meet her new belovèd anywhere; But passion lends them power, time means, to meet, Temp’ring extremities with extreme sweet. ABCDEFG
9 Scene 1 Romeo is determined to see Juliet again after the party Mercutio and Benvolio search for RomeoThey see him jump over the wall into the Capulet’s orchard (backyard)They mock him to get him to come out, but he doesn’t.They leave thinking he is still depressed about Rosaline.
10 Scene 1Mercutio mocks Romeo’s overly romantic ideas of love (ll. 7-10)What is ironic about the particular taunt that Mercutio uses?Mercutio tries to conjure Romeo by making comments about Rosaline, but he doesn’t realize that Romeo has forgotten about her and is now in love with Juliet.
11 Scene 2—SUMMARY Romeo glimpses Juliet in her window. He praises her beauty through a monologue.Unaware of Romeo’s presence, Juliet begins to speak of her love for him, as well as her disregard for the feud that separates their families.Romeo emerges from the shadows and Juliet recognizes his voice.Juliet worries about his safety, but Romeo claims he would rather be dead than denied of their love.
12 Scene 2—SUMMARY cont.Juliet is afraid that Romeo will think her love isn’t true since it was so readily declared.Romeo begins to swear his love, but Juliet stops him out of fear of their intensity.The nurse calls and Juliet goes inside.When Juliet returns, she proposes that if Romeo is sincere and will marry her, to tell a messenger she will send the next morning what time and place Juliet should meet to perform the ceremony.The nurse calls again.The lovers are reluctant to part, but they must.
13 Identify the images of light and dark represented in this passage. RomeoBut soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the East, and Juliet is the sun! Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, 5 Who is already sick and pale with grief That thou her maid art far more fair than she. Be not her maid, since she is envious. Her vestal livery is but sick and green, And none but fools do wear it. Cast it off.Identify the images of light and dark represented in this passage.Compares Juliet to the sun, the sun (day) conquers the moon (night), the moon is jealous of the sun’s brightness.
14 Translate these famous lines into contemporary English. JulietWhat’s in a name? That which we call a rose By any other word would smell as sweet. 45 So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called, Retain that dear perfection which he owes Without that title. Romeo, doff thy name; And for thy name, which is no part of thee, Take all myself.Translate these famous lines into contemporary English.Does it really matter what name we call something? A rose would still smell as sweet, even if it had a different name. And Romeo would be just as perfect if he had a different name. Give up your name, Romeo, and in exchange, take me.
15 Rising Action ACT II, scene ii, ll. 70-74 What complication threatens the lovers’ happiness?Their families are enemies, and Romeo could be killed if he were caught under Juliet’s window.Which one of them seems to take this threat more seriously?Juliet seems more concerned; she warns Romeo about it twice, but he is so carried away by love that he feels no fear.
16 Archaic Language ACT II, scene ii, ll. 76-78 Translate this difficult passage into contemporary EnglishAs long as I know you love me, I don’t care if I’m caught here. I’d rather die knowing you love me than go on living without your love.
17 Rising Action ACT II, scene ii, ll. 107-116 Notice Juliet’s interruptions. Is she being rude or is it something else?Her interruptions show the lovers’ excitement, as well as the growing recklessness and urgency they feel about their love.It is this speed and urgency that quickly pushes the plot forward to its tragic conclusionWhat can we learn from this?
18 Hyperbole ACT II, scene ii, ll. 168-170 hyperbole – a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or to create a comic effect (overstatement)Juliet exclaims that a few hours separated from Romeo is like twenty years.This shows that time is distorted because of her intense emotions of love; any time away seems much longer.
19 Oxymoron ACT II, scene ii, l. 185 “parting is such sweet sorrow…”How is this an oxymoron?Leaving someone is sorrowful because you have to be away from them, but sweet because you can look forward to seeing them again; or relish in the time you have spent with them.