Presentation on theme: "Module 3: Prevention of becoming a bully. 1)Learning to empathise with others 2)Learning how to reduce and control anger and aggression 3)Learning how."— Presentation transcript:
1)Learning to empathise with others 2)Learning how to reduce and control anger and aggression 3)Learning how to develop social skills 4)Learning possible consequences of cyber-bullying Learning outcomes of Module 3
Summary: raising of empathy Try to identify the feelings of the other person. Keep these feelings in mind when you are with them. Try to see things from others’ perspective. Show understanding for others’ perspective. Don’t try to get your way at any costs. Show interest in the other person. Listen to the other person (eye- contact, showing that you are listening).
Activity 1: Characteristics of anger and aggression
Summary: characteristics of anger and aggression Changes of the body: Hands: moist palms, shaking, clenched into a fist Stomach: pressure, feeling of sickness Breathing: faster or heavily, hard to breathe Chest: pressure, narrowness, stitching Throat: having a lump in the throat, dry throat Voice: trembling, hoarse, loud, shrill or becoming silent Eyes: seeing red, blurred vision, squinting Forehead: frowning, getting moist Head: pressure, dizziness, headache, sensation of heat, feeling like it’s going to explode
Summary: behaviour when feeling anger When you feel anger, try to calm yourself down: change location or leave the provoking situation choose your individual “Cool-Down-Sentence” (e.g. “stay calm”, “I can do this”) and repeat it distract yourself: do something you like, do physical exercises or think of positive experiences try to relax, do breathing exercises count to 10
Summary: personal space Each person has an individual personal space surrounding him/her like a bubble. It is needed for feeling comfortable and safe. If somebody enters the space, different feelings can occur: fear, but also anger or aggression. Keep this personal space in mind when meeting someone.
Summary: social skills training Characteristics of self-confident behaviour: Posture: Stand tall, head held high, chin up, shoulders back, feet firmly on the ground. Make eye-contact with the other person. Thoughts: Encourage yourself with positive and realistic thoughts before entering a challenging situation! Tell yourself: “I can do this!” “I’m not afraid!” Expression: Use I-statements! Express your needs and feelings! Be precise and explicit and tell it with a loud and clear, calm voice.
Summary: effects of cyber-bullying Consequences for the victim: reduced self-esteem feelings of frustration, anger, sadness, hopelessness, loneliness, depression sleeping problems, health problems suicidal thoughts and behaviours, self-harm Cyber-bullying may affect a person for a long time, long after the bullying stops.
Summary: effects of cyber-bullying Legal consequences for the bully: Cyber-bullying is an offence. There are no specific cyber-bullying laws, but they are handled like insults, threats or stalking. Also, in some countries you can be fined for spreading of photos and videos.