Presentation on theme: "New Skills for Green Jobs: UK country findings"— Presentation transcript:
1New Skills for Green Jobs: UK country findings Jo Pye & Chris EvansMarchmont Observatory & PartnersCollege of Social Sciences & International StudiesUniversity of Exeter
2The Europe 2020 StrategyAims to stimulate economic growth at a time of global recession and support development of greener economies in Europe. It calls for:building a more competitive low-carbon economy that makes efficient, sustainable use of resourcesprotecting the environment, reducing emissions and preventing biodiversity losscapitalising on Europe's leadership in developing new green technologies and production methodsinclusive growth, specifically “raising Europe’s employment rate – more and better jobs, especially for women, young people and older workers”.
3UK Government Climate Change Act 2008 Legally binding targets: Green house gas emissions reduced by 80% by 2050, CO2 emissions reduced by 26%Carbon budgeting system: 5 year caps on emissionsCommittee on Climate Change: Monitor annual progressInclude Aviation and Shipping emissionsHave regard for the impact of domestic action on climate changeFurther measures: Introduce powers and legislation on biofuels, household waste, Green DealRisk Assessment: Every 5 years
4Government’s Low Carbon Plan Britain powered by cleaner energyMore efficient energy use in homes and businessesSecure energy supplies and stable energy pricesJobs and growth benefits from a move to a low carbon economyGovernment departments working togetherOverarching plan for: Energy generation, Transport and the Built EnvironmentPrinciples:Whole government approach to climate changeSetting legal and market frameworksInclusive- all society to cut emissionsPrevent unnecessary costs and share burdenActing sustainably (with balance between benefits, impacts, costs, targets)UK to demonstrate our commitment to other countries
5Selected UK policies: 2008-2010 Renewable Energy Strategy, 2009The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan: national strategy for climate and energyThe Future of EU Competitiveness: from economic recovery to sustainable growthThe UK low carbon industrial strategySustainable Development Action PlanBuilding a low carbon economy – unlocking innovation and skillsInvesting in a low carbon BritainNew industries, new jobsEU 2020 Strategy
6Coalition Government: recent policies The Energy Act supporting the UK’s transition to low- carbon energy and international action on climate change. Three policy objectives: the ‘Green Deal’; enhancing energy security; facilitating investment in low carbon energy supplies.Department of Energy and Climate Change Microgeneration Strategy – plans to improve technology, skills and advice to consumers, communities, small business and the public sector (eg Microgeneration Certification Scheme or MCS)Enabling the transition to a green economyLow carbon reviewSkills for a Green Economy evidence report
7UK Skills for a Green Economy recommendations New ‘skills for a green economy’ grouping of Sector Skills CouncilsImprove information, advice and guidance on green economy careers and skillsImprove the quality of green skills provision in further educationRaise awareness of the green economy through Unionlearn to support workforce learningSupport STEM skills for the green economyFund up to 1,000 Green Deal Apprenticeships, subject to take-up by businesses
8Low carbon and environmental goods and services sectors Renewable energy – hydro, wave and tidal, biomass, wind, geothermal, solarSustainable construction – energy management, building technology, smart buildingsWaste management – management and disposal, recovery and recycling, materials processing, energy from wasteSustainable transport – alternative fuels, efficiency improvements, vehicles, mass transit
9Sector Skills Councils with ‘green footprints’ Cogent (oil and gas) – has assessed gender balance in engineering and technology provision (only 12% female)Energy & Utility Skills – low carbon skills with green skills, renewables, sustainabilityAssetSkills – ‘greening’ of asset /facilities management; National Occupational Standards and home energy standardsSummitSkills – National Skills Academy for Environmental Technologies to drive MCS qualifications towards new EU installation requirementsConstruction Skills – developing training to support the Green Deal Quality Mark under ‘Cut The Carbon’ initiative, installer / energy advisor qualifications, Apprenticeships; gender
11Why train in renewables? The Renewables Training Network says:Research showing a requirement to train up to 36,000 mature entrants in the next decade*Headcount in large wind increased threefold between 2007 & 2010Only % are “novices”.Bottleneck in transition training will escalate wage costsResearch from Cambridge Econometrics shows 36,000 mature entrants will need to be transitioned inn to the market in the next decade. Alongside this, many tens of thousands of new recruits will need to be trained to ensure the renewable industry continues to operate effectively and reach its maximum potential.These figures are not entirely speculative – while question marks do exist over the scale and final level of growth, we have already seen headcount in large wind increase threefold between 2007 & 2010Only a relatively small proportion of these are straight from vocational or degree programmes, a situation which is not going to improve as the industry grows.If we do not act now to address the bottleneck in transition training, we risk continuing to witness movement being primarily within the industry which will have a direct impact on escalating wage costs.
12Low Carbon Construction Action Plan Demonstrating the benefits and opportunities of low carbon construction through leadership and cooperation across the private and public sectors Creating greater clarity in a complex landscape, enabling the industry to better understand the opportunities that will be available to them in the future.Ensuring that we have the right framework of incentives and interventions to enable the market to flourish and the right levels of skills, research and innovation to enable and support growthThe delivery of the Low Carbon Construction Action Plan will be overseen by the Green Construction Board.
14What is the Green Deal?A Collaborative Approach to the Green Deal and the Low Carbon AgendaRange of measures, such as insulation, heating or lighting, to be installed in people’s homes and businesses at no upfront costGreen Deal is based on the principle that some energy efficiency related changes to properties pay for themselves14 million of the UK's 27 million homes expected to benefit. It also predicts that it will create 100,000 jobs by 2015Energy saving measures recommended for properties will need to be both appropriate to the construction of the property and correctly installedA competent property assessment and installation workforce is therefore essentialA common Code of Practice (CoP)
16Women and ethnic minorities in building occupations post 2000 Women : 10.2% construction, 0.3% manual tradesPainters and decorators 3%Floor and wall tilers 1.4%Carpenters and joiners 1%Women make up 3% of all construction traineesWomen make up 7% of all construction trainees in further education collegesMale workers dominate the industry in manual occupations where they constitute 99.7% of the private-sector workforce
17UK country report findings There has been an interruption in UK public policy development to support the green economy between spring 2010 and 2011Many of the initial proposals have not been enacted by the new Government or unevenly so. As a result, the UK can point to only a few headline ‘flagship’ initiatives.The recent economic troubles have come at a price to the green economy, with the new government giving greater emphasis on financial measures to bring the UK back into recovery.Recent announcements such as the incoming Green Deal Programme do not support the green economy, but are mainly a fiscal instrument to encourage contributions by private householders.This lack of policy commitment from centre is disappointing given both the need to shift to a low carbon economy – but good practice examples show that, despite the lack of clear policy intent and financial support, developments and initiatives are blossoming.