Presentation on theme: "Unit II: A Common Thread Rip Van Winkle By Washington Irving."— Presentation transcript:
Unit II: A Common Thread Rip Van Winkle By Washington Irving
Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving I. Author Note: -Major 19 th century author -Uses humor II. Terms: A. Setting of story: 1. New York State 2. Hudson River Valley 3. Appalachian Mountains 4. Catskill Mountains: low branch of Appalachian 5. Highest peak of 4000 feet 6. Catskills are 50 miles long and 30 miles wide 7. Passage of time of 20 years 8. As story moves, so does the setting, changes occur 9. Rip gets older, as does the setting after 20 years
Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving B. Characterization: we learn about characters by what they say and do, and by what the author tells us 1. direct characterization: what the author tells us about the character 2. indirect characterization: what the character says and does, and what others say about him/her 3. major character: one on whom the story focuses: Rip Van Winkle= we learn about him through direct characterization 4. minor character: other less important characters without the focus: Dame, Wolf, Peter, Nicholas, Brom, Derrick, Judy
Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving C. Compare: 1. story stays in Hudson Valley 2. Rip still same character 3. Town is still the same 4. Family is there D. Contrast: 1. gully of forest is later filled with water 2. wall of ravine was open, later closed with rock slide 3. Village was small, old families, and later larger with new families 4. Rips home was lived in, and later abandoned and dilapidated 5. King George III was rule, and later George Washington 6. British colonies were there, and later America 7. Dame was alive, later dead 8. Gun was well oiled, and later rusty
Rip Van Winkle by Washington Irving E. Theme: F. Conflict in story: 1. Rip vs. Dame = external 2. Rip vs. Setting = external 3. Rip vs. Setting = Internal 4. Rip vs. village = external G. Climax of story: Rip walks back into the village and meets his daughter H. Resolution of story: Rip goes back into his old lifestyle
Mother to Son by Langston Hughes ( ) I. Terms: A. Theme of poem: If parents show strong qualities, they may inspire their children to do the same. Young people look up to adults for guidance, so set examples with good values, and shared dreams. B. Speaker: the imaginary voice assumed by the writer; the speaker is the character who tells the poem C. Speaker of the poem: a mother D. Symbol: anything that represents or stands for another E. Symbol of poem: staircase stands for the progression of life; the tacks, splinters, boards torn up, no carpet, abrupt turns stand for the trials and problems in life, but dont give up! F. Dialect: the form of language spoken by people in a particular region, or group G. Dialect of poem: black, from the south (Ise for I have) (cause for because) (landin for landing)
Mother to Son by Langston Hughes ( ) H. Stanza: one division of lines in this poem I. Free verse: no pattern, no stress, no beats, no rhyme etc. J. Repetition of poem: the 2nd and last line to reinforce the idea that life has not been easy, and it will help her son to learn from her difficulties and her courage
The Courage That My Mother Had by Edna St. Vincent Millay ( ) I. Terms: A. Theme of poem: Parents show strong qualities so that they may inspire their children to do the same, as shared dreams, and admire them. B. Speaker: the imaginary voice assumed by the writer; the speaker is the character who tells the poem C. Speaker of poem: a daughter whose mother has passed away D. Symbol: anything that represents or stands for another E. Symbol of poem: the granite or rock stands for the mothers courage and strength that is buried with her F. Simile: compares two unlike things using like or as G. Simile of poem: …courage like a rock…
The Courage That My Mother Had by Edna St. Vincent Millay ( ) II. Poetry Information: A. Stanza: a formal division of lines in a poem, considered a unit B. Stanza of poem: a four-line division called a quatrain C. Rhyme scheme: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem D. Rhyme scheme of poem: abcb dfdf ghgi E. half rhyme: words that somewhat rhyme F. half rhyme of poem: had = quarried grave = have G. end rhyme; rhyming words at the ends of lines H. end rhyme of poem: …mother wore (line 5) …treasure more (line 7)
The Courage That My Mother Had by Edna St. Vincent Millay ( ) III. Notes: A. The speaker finds shed rather have granite/rock- hard strength and courage, than wealth and possessions B. The speaker also implies that courage is a quality you have or you dont have. Some say you cant learn this quality, but that you are born with it.
The Village Blacksmith by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ( ) I. Terms: A. Theme of poem: Our lives are determined by the work we put into them, and how we respond to life determines who we truly are. Honesty, love, and hard work help us get through the difficulties that life presents. B. Symbol: one thing that stands for or represents something else C. Symbol of poem: 1. The sexton ringing bell stands for the signaling of the end of the day 2. The noise of the blacksmith shop stands for the daily life and labor 3. The blacksmiths tear stands for his sadness and grief 4. The flaming forge stands for our lives II. Poetry Information: A. Stanza: a formal division of lines in a poem B. Stanza of poem: a six-line division called a sestet
The Village Blacksmith by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ( ) C. Rhyme scheme: a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem D. Rhyme scheme of poem: lines 2, 4, and 6 all rhyme with end rhyme E. Repetition: the use of more than once, of any element of language (sound, word, phrase) F. Repetition of poem: 1. his hair his face his brow in stanza 2 2. you can in stanza 3 3. He goes… he hears… in stanza 5 G. alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds to draw attention to create musical effects H. alliteration of poem: 1. …smithy stands (line 2 2. …bellows blow (line …flaming forge (line 21) 4. …parson pray and preach (line 27)
The Village Blacksmith by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ( ) III. More Poetry + Notes A. simile: compares two unlike things using like or as B. simile of poem: 1. as strong as iron bands 2. …like the tan 3. like chaff from…..floor IV. Notes: A. Toiling is done in stanzas 1-4, and he rejoices in stanza 5. He experiences sorrow in stanza 6, and in stanza 7-8 it is implied that life is a simple pattern of toiling, rejoicing, and sorrowing through honesty, love and hard work. B. Longfellows philosophy to life is working hard and honestly, rejoicing in ones family and community, and resting.
The Hummingbird That Lived Through Winter by William Saroyan ( ) I. Terms: A. Theme of story: Life continues on, like the wings of the hummingbird, even if one dies. The will and love of one can spur someone on, give support, and encourage them even if the will wasnt there at first. B. Narrator: the speaker or character who tells the story C. Narrator of story: the boy D. Symbol: anything that stands for or represents something else E. Symbol of story: 1. the birds stand for the spirit of life in each of us 2. the bird, weak and pathetic, stands for the dead of winter 3. the bird with health and vigor stands for the spirit of summertime 4. winter stands for mans resting time 5. summer stands for renewal and energy, like the mans garden 6. the garden stands for the life of the old man, still enjoying it well
The Hummingbird That Lived Through Winter by William Saroyan ( ) II. Story Information: A. conflict: a struggle between two opposing forces B. conflict of story: the boy vs the man in viewing of nature C. characterization: the art of creating or developing a character D. characterization of story: 1. Dikran = deep love of nature, garden, has a neat house, 2. boy = growing, learning, not sure about many things III. Notes: A. The boy and man working together changes their views and they share a goal B. Dikran knows the bird needs freedom, just like he does with his garden, house, even if he is blind C. The last line of the story: It means that we call all live on, and the bird is symbolic of each of us and what is inside each and every one of us